Halogens and Noble Gases

Overview

Periodic Table of the Elements is a six-volume set that explains not only how the elements were discovered and what their most prominent chemical and physical properties are but also the impact of discoveries on society and in science, including the fields of astrophysics, chemistry, and materials science. The books illustrate how the work of scientists has advanced our understanding of atomic theory and the nature of matter. Each volume highlights a group of related elements as they appear in the periodic ...

See more details below
Hardcover
$38.55
BN.com price
(Save 3%)$40.00 List Price
Other sellers (Hardcover)
  • All (5) from $20.36   
  • New (3) from $41.99   
  • Used (2) from $20.36   
Sending request ...

Overview

Periodic Table of the Elements is a six-volume set that explains not only how the elements were discovered and what their most prominent chemical and physical properties are but also the impact of discoveries on society and in science, including the fields of astrophysics, chemistry, and materials science. The books illustrate how the work of scientists has advanced our understanding of atomic theory and the nature of matter. Each volume highlights a group of related elements as they appear in the periodic table-at present, the elements from 1 through 118 (with the exception of element 117)-and provides basic information about each element, its role in history, the chemistry of the element, new issues involving the element, and the past, present, and future uses of the element.

Halogens and Noble Gases presents the current scientific understanding of the physics, chemistry, biology, and geology of these two families of nonmetals, including how they are synthesized in the universe, when and how they were discovered, and where they are found on Earth. The book explores how humans use and manipulate halogens and noble gases and the resultant benefits and challenges to society. Sidebars clarify fundamental concepts about the behavior of this group of elements and provide insight into the effects that these nonmetals have on science, technology, health, and medicine.

The volume includes information on

argon

bromine

chlorine

fluorine

helium

iodine and astatine

krypton and xenon

neon

radon

the future direction of the elements

The book contains 50 color photographs and line illustrations, sidebars, a conversion table for Sl units, a list of acronyms, the Periodic Table of the Elements, a table of the elements arranged by category, a chronology, a glossary, a detailed list of print and Internet resources, and an index. The set is essential for high school students, teachers, and general readers who wish to learn about the history of the periodic table and its impact on scientific findings of the past, present, and future.

Read More Show Less

Editorial Reviews

School Library Journal
Gr 9 Up—Beginning with an overview of chemistry and physics, this volume is arranged into two sections: halogens and noble gases. Each one begins with an introduction to its family and is followed by chapters devoted to a single element or pairs of elements. The chapters focused on elements feature a chart highlighting key information: symbol, atomic number, melting and boiling point, etc. A description of the element follows and includes its discovery, naming, and role in history. Information on key scientists is also included, when appropriate. An explanation of the chemistry of the element is provided, and each chapter concludes with an accounting of its specific technology and current uses, as well as the benefits and challenges it poses to society. Possible future uses and adaptations are also presented. Color illustrations and sidebars that clarify fundamental concepts appear throughout. The text concludes with a table of units and conversions, a list of acronyms, a periodic table of the elements, and a chronology of key events from 1731 to 2009. The writing and explanations are clear and would be appropriate for generalists as well as chemistry students.—Maren Ostergard, King County Library System, Issaquah, WA
Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780816073689
  • Publisher: Facts on File, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 5/1/2010
  • Series: Periodic Table of the Elements Series
  • Pages: 192
  • Sales rank: 942,368
  • Product dimensions: 7.30 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface viii

Acknowledgments xi

Introduction xiii

Overview: Chemistry and Physics Background xviii

Part 1 The Halogens 1

Introduction to the Halogens 1

Understanding Patterns and Properties in the Halogens and Noble Gases 5

1 Fluorine: Corrosive, Toxic, and Remarkable 9

The Astrophysics of Fluorine 9

The Discovery and Naming of Fluorine 12

Fluorine Gas: A Hazardous Molecule 15

The Chemistry of Fluorine: The Most Reactive Element 15

Fluoride in Drinking Water: The Debate 18

Technology and Current Uses 19

2 Chlorine: From Table Salt to Safe Swimming 21

The Astrophysics of Chlorine 22

The Novelty of the Negative Ion 24

The Discovery and Naming of Chlorine 25

The Chemistry of Chlorine 27

Fireworks and Flame Retardants 31

Chlorine as a Weapon of War 32

Technology and Current Uses 34

3 Bromine: Unusual at Room Temperature 35

The Astrophysics of Bromine 36

The Discovery and Naming of Bromine 37

The Chemistry of Bromine 38

A Radioactive Nature 41

Obsolete Uses of Bromine 42

Fluorine, Chlorine, Bromine, and the Ozone Hole 43

Technology and Current Uses 44

4 Iodine and Astatine: So Alike Yet So Different 47

Everywhere and Nowhere 48

Discovery and Naming 50

On Being Electropositive 53

The Chemistry of Iodine 53

Astatine Chemistry: Why There Is So Little 54

Iodine and Hypothyroidism 54

Medical Applications of Iodine Isotopes 55

Astatine's Radioactive Nature 56

Technology and Current Uses 57

Part 2 The Noble Gases 59

Introduction to the Noble Gases 59

Discovery and Naming of the Noble Gases 60

5 Helium: From Balloons to Lasers 64

The Astrophysics of Helium 66

Fusion of Light Helium: A Future Energy Source? 68

Earthbound in Natural Gas 70

Lighter than Air: Helium Balloons and Aerostatics 71

How Helium Changes Voice Sound 73

Technology and Current Uses 75

6 Neon: Known for Its Glow 77

The Astrophysics of Neon 77

Earthbound: Isotopes in Volcanoes 79

Bright City Lights 80

The Helium-Neon Laser 82

Technology and Current Uses 83

7 Argon 85

The Astrophysics of Argon 86

Scuba Diving and Argon 87

Freezing Cancer 89

Technology and Current Uses 90

8 Krypton and Xenon 91

The Astrophysics of Krypton and Xenon 93

The Sparse Chemistry of Krypton-Not So for Xenon 94

Defining the Meter 95

Excimer Lasers 96

Xenon and Exotic Propulsion 98

Technology and Current Uses 100

9 Radon: A Common Menace 102

The Geology of Radon 102

Radon and Hydrology 104

Bad Air: In Basements and Stone Houses 106

Technology and Current Uses 107

10 Conclusions and Future Directions 109

Speculations on Further Developments 109

New Physics 110

New Chemistry 110

SI Units and Conversions 113

List of Acronyms 115

Periodic Table of the Elements 116

Table of Element Categories 117

Chronology 118

Glossary 123

Further Resources 136

General Resources 141

Index 148

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)