Handbook of Detergents

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An Examination of Detergent Applications

The fifth volume in a six volume project penned by detergent industry experts, this segment deals with the various applications of detergent formulations – surfactants, builders, sequestering/chelating agents – as well as other components. These applications are discussed with respect to the scope of their domestic, institutional, or industrial usages. Special focus is given to technological advancement, health and environmental concerns, and the rapid changes occurring in the field within the past several years. With each chapter providing the special access of a pioneering researcher, this text offers an insider’s look at the most current advances.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780824703516
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 11/28/2004
  • Series: Surfactant Science Series, #123
  • Pages: 654
  • Product dimensions: 7.20 (w) x 10.10 (h) x 1.60 (d)

Table of Contents

Handbook Introduction iii
Preface vii
Contributors xiii
Part I The Multidimensionality of Detergent-Related Environmental Impact and Its Assessment
1. Sustainable Relationships: Raw Materials-Surfactant/Detergent Production/Formulation-Usage/Consumption-Environment: A Systemic Challenge for the New Millennium 1
2. Detergents and the Environment: Historical Review 11
3. Distribution, Behavior, Fate, and Effects of Surfactants and Their Degradation Products in the Environment 77
4. Relevance of Biodegradation Assessments of Detergents/Surfactants 111
5. Toxicology and Ecotoxicology of Detergent Chemicals 129
6. Generation and Use of Data to Predict Environmental Concentrations for Use in Detergent Risk Assessments 147
7. Life Cycle Assessment: A Novel Approach to the Environmental Profile of Detergent Consumer Products 195
8. Biodegradability and Toxicity of Surfactants 211
9. The Biodegradability of Detergent Ingredients in an Environmental Context: A Practical Approach 249
10. Environmental Risk Assessment of Surfactants: Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationships for Aquatic Toxicity 271
11. Environmental Impacts of Detergent Packaging: The Case of Plastic Bottles 299
12. European Environmental Safety Legislation on Detergents 317
13. The Application of Environmental Risk Assessment to Detergent Ingredients in Consumer Products 347
Part II Environmental Behavior, Effects, and Impact of Detergent Components
14. Surfactants in the Environment: Fate and Effects of Linear Alkylbenzene Sulfonates (LAS) and Alcohol-Based Surfactants 373
15. The Environmental Safety of Alkylphenol Ethoxylates Demonstrated by Risk Assessment and Guidelines for Their Safe Use 429
16. Estrogenic Effects of the Alkylphenol Ethoxylates and Their Biodegradation Products 447
17. The Survival and Distribution of Alkylphenol Ethoxylate Surfactants in Surface Water and Groundwater: The Case of Israel--Is There an Environmental Problem? 467
18. Ecology and Toxicology of Alkyl Polyglycosides 487
19. Biodegradation of Cationic Surfactants: An Environmental Perspective 523
20. Biodegradability of Amphoteric Surfactants 551
21. Environmental Impact of Inorganic Detergent Builders 573
22. Environmental Impact of Aminocarboxylate Chelating Agents 611
23. Environmental Impact of Bleaching Activators 629
24. Perborates: The Environmentally Problematic Bleaching Agents 645
25. Toxicology and Ecotoxicology of Minor Components in Personal Care Products 663
26. The Environmental Impact of Surfactant Ingredients in Pesticide Formulations--Special Focus on Alcohol Ethoxylates and Alkylamine Ethoxylates 691
27. Biodegradation of Surface-Active Detergent Components in Sewage Treatment Plants 719
28. Surfactant Biodegradation: Sugar-Based Surfactants Compared to Other Surfactants 739
29. Biotreatment of Wastewater with a High Concentration of Surfactants 761
30. Science Versus Politics in the Environmental Regulatory Process 785
31. The Environmental Impact of Detergents: Which Way Is the Wind Blowing? 803
Index 811
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