Handbook of Disaster and Emergency Policies and Institutions

Handbook of Disaster and Emergency Policies and Institutions

by John Handmer, Stephen Dovers
     
 

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ISBN-10: 1844073599

ISBN-13: 9781844073597

Pub. Date: 10/28/2007

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Disasters both natural and human-induced are leading to spiralling costs in terms of human lives, lost livelihoods and damaged assets and businesses. Yet these consequences and the financial and human crises that follow catastrophes can often be traced to policies unsuited to the emerging scales of the problems they confront, and the lack of institutional capacity

Overview

Disasters both natural and human-induced are leading to spiralling costs in terms of human lives, lost livelihoods and damaged assets and businesses. Yet these consequences and the financial and human crises that follow catastrophes can often be traced to policies unsuited to the emerging scales of the problems they confront, and the lack of institutional capacity to implement planning and prevention or to manage disasters. This book seeks to overcome this mismatch and to guide development of a policy and institutional framework. For the first time it brings together into a coherent framework the insights of public policy, institutional design and emergency and disaster management.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781844073597
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
10/28/2007
Edition description:
1
Pages:
208
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.30(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents


List of Figures, Tables and Boxes     viii
Acknowledgements     x
List of Acronyms and Abbreviations     xii
Introduction: The Context and Aims of this Book     xiv
Constructing the Problem     1
The Nature of Emergencies and Disasters     3
Overview of disaster trends     5
Emergency and disaster institutions     6
The nature of disasters and emergencies: Cause and effect     8
Evolution of emergency management: From 'acts of God' to socially constructed disasters     11
Illustrative vignettes     14
Key challenges     25
The Nature of Policy and Institutions     29
Core concepts and terms     31
Traditions and trends in policy analysis     33
Policy styles and the political environment     41
Emergencies and disasters as policy and institutional problems     43
Reconciling policy with emergencies and disasters     45
Constructing the Response     47
A Policy and Institutional Framework for Emergencies and Disasters     49
Policy cycles meet emergency risk management     49
A framework for policy and institutional analysis     53
Using the framework     56
Owning the Problem: Politics, Participation and Communication     59
Policy and politics     59
Who? Defining 'community'     60
Why? Purposes and degrees of participation     64
How? Options for community engagement     69
Communication: The lifeblood of participation     76
Communication challenges     79
Conclusion     80
Framing the Problem: Identifying and Analysing Risk     83
Problem framing     83
Cause-effect linkages     86
Pervasive uncertainty     89
Attributes of emergency management policy problems     91
A typology of disasters and emergencies     93
Routine     94
Non-routine     94
Complex emergencies     95
The risk standard     97
Hierarchy of goals, issues and problems     100
Conclusion     101
Responding to the Problem: Policy Formulation and Implementation     103
Broad policy choice: Generic resilience or specific instruments?     103
Generic approaches to hazards management     105
Specific approaches to hazards management     106
For crisis response: Flexibility and adaptability      107
Policy problems and policy instruments     109
Policy instruments and styles for implementation     110
Policy styles and attributes required for implementation     116
Implementation attributes     120
Conclusion     122
Not Forgetting: Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning     125
Uncertainty, time and learning     125
Policy and institutional learning: Purposes and forms     128
Basic information capture     136
Evaluation: The precondition for learning     137
Research and education     140
Prospects for learning     142
Institutional Settings for Emergencies and Disasters: Form, Function and Coordination     145
Institutions: The key to common endeavours     145
Institutions and emergencies: Status and issues     148
Purpose, form and principles     155
Learning, law and liability     158
Conclusion     159
Constructing the Future     161
Future Prospects     163
How disastrous a future?     163
Key challenges     167
Prospects: Anticipation, resilience and adaptation     169
References     171
Index      179

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