Intended for teachers, researchers, and graduate students of education, this hefty reference covers both traditional and emerging areas of concern. Thirty-three contributed chapters, arranged in five sections, begin with coverage of the psychological foundations for thinking, learning, and motivation, and the developmental and individual differences in these domains. Subsequent sections focus on curriculum and instruction, taking into account issues of ethnicity, gender, grouping and tracking, cooperative learning, bilingualism, and testing methods. The final chapters discuss research methods and other foundational issues. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.