Social researchers increasingly find themselves looking beyond conventional methods to address complex research questions. This is the first book to comprehensively examine emergent qualitative and quantitative theories and methods across the social and behavioral sciences. Providing scholars and students with a way to retool their research choices, the volume presents cutting-edge approaches to data collection, analysis, and representation. Leading researchers describe alternative uses of traditional ...
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Handbook of Emergent Methods

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Social researchers increasingly find themselves looking beyond conventional methods to address complex research questions. This is the first book to comprehensively examine emergent qualitative and quantitative theories and methods across the social and behavioral sciences. Providing scholars and students with a way to retool their research choices, the volume presents cutting-edge approaches to data collection, analysis, and representation. Leading researchers describe alternative uses of traditional quantitative and qualitative tools; innovative hybrid or mixed methods; and new techniques facilitated by technological advances. Consistently formatted chapters explore the strengths and limitations of each method for studying different types of research questions and offer practical, in-depth examples.
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Editorial Reviews

From The Critics
Reviewer:Christopher J. Graver, PhD(Madigan Army Medical Center)
Description:In the behavioral sciences, new research methods are constantly needed to study the underlying and challenging constructs of human phenomena. This book provides a review of current and cutting edge methodology that can be employed in the study of novel and emerging research questions.
Purpose:This book has two aims. The first is to provide options to students working on a thesis or dissertation for different approaches to their research question. The second is to provide methodologies for researchers exploring new, hidden, and undiscovered phenomena in the behavioral sciences.
Audience:Consistent with its aims, the book is appropriate for both researchers and students engaged in behavioral science research. According to the authors, the broad range of tools in this book makes it appropriate for a wide range of disciplines under this umbrella. While certainly accomplished, the editors and contributors authors are largely drawn from sociology and social science programs, which seems somewhat narrow given the purported usefulness of these techniques across all behavioral sciences.
Features:The table of contents alerts readers to the heavy social research focus of this book, mainly emphasizing survey research, focus groups, and a multitude of qualitative approaches. The 32 chapters cover a wide range of topics, including historical contexts, innovations, and the impact of emergent technologies on research. The chapters are organized by major sections and include subsections. Each ends with a discussion and conclusion. The ideas and information areuseful, but it is a little difficult to see their broad applications as indicated in the preface. For those studying sociological methods, the book will provide a rich field of ideas. Figures and illustrations are scarce, though, making this a dense book to wade through. The references are fairly current and plentiful, but some chapters are severely lacking in peer reviewed resources.
Assessment:For students and researchers involved in the largely survey and qualitative research specific to sociology, this will probably be a helpful book, but the content and writing style is dry. For those interested in a wider variety of research methods in behavioral science, Essentials of Research Design and Methodology, Marczyk et al. (Wiley, 2005) is a more user friendly and economical choice.
British Educational Research Journal

“One important handbook that has the power to encourage educational researchers to breakdown archaic boundaries and try something different….Offers readers a wealth of resources distributed across numerous, concisely written introductory chapters.”--British Educational Research Journal
Qualitative Health Research

"The book's philosophic orientation toward the perspective of a researcher attempting to solve a conundrum facing him or her in human science research closely mirrors the research demands that confront the health science professional....Will be of interest to health science researchers who position themselves on the research landscape between qualitative and quantitative research and who understand the history of the research methods they are using."--Qualitative Health Research
Qualitative Sociology Review

"Offers a panoramic view."--Qualitative Sociology Review
Sex Roles

"This book covers a wide range of methods, which are described and discussed by an interdisciplinary (i.e., anthropology, communication, criminal justice, education, geography, human development, psychology, social work, sociology) group of authors, who provide interesting examples of how they use these methods in work....Sharlene Hesse-Biber and Patricia Leavy have assembled a very interesting set of chapters, and even experienced researchers will find much to learn about emergent methods and much to consider about how they might use these in their own work....Should be accessible to upper level students. Readers of Sex Roles might want to order a copy of the Handbook of Emergent Methods for their university libraries and consider adding some chapters to their syllabi."--Sex Roles
Choice Reviews
"Makes a real contribution to the researcher’s toolbox....The quality of the chapters is outstanding and the editors’ introductions to the sections are very helpful....Appropriate for graduate-level methods courses and useful to researchers, both experienced and beginning....Highly recommended. Graduate students through faculty and professionals."--Choice Reviews
Journal of Mixed Methods Research

"Hesse-Biber and Leavy present a comprehensive overview of emergent research issues as well as potentially powerful innovations in research processes and methods practices in the social and behavioral sciences. The Handbook is designed to both encourage established researchers to explore new research tools and lenses and thereby enrich their practices, and to inform graduate students as they design studies to answer their research questions. The Handbook's authors do an admirable job of locating the reader inside an exciting world of novel and cutting-edge research methods, guided by theory and research, and presented by scholars representing a wide range of disciplines. The text is suitable for graduate-level methods courses in education, psychology, the humanities, and health service fields....The major strengths of the Handbook are its accessibility, organization, and comprehensiveness. Hesse-Biber and Leavy have written skillfully in their articulate, clear introductions to the overall text and each of the three sections. The chapters in the three sections are logically presented, enabling the reader to quickly and clearly discern the major topic areas. The comprehensiveness of the sections is impressive as they draw upon a diverse array of scholars, representing many social science disciplines. The chapter authors have succeeded, too, in making each chapter consistently accessible to the typical graduate student. These authors lead the reader through sensible, contextually embedded discussions of theoretical and practical issues pertaining to emergent research methods and practice....[It] makes an important contribution to social science and behavioral research because of its organization, readability, comprehensiveness, and usefulness to both accomplished researchers and graduate students."--Journal of Mixed Methods Research
From the Publisher

"A 'must read' for anyone interested in remaining current with developing research techniques. The book provides a wealth of information regarding innovative approaches that will permit the investigation of novel research questions."--Larry Christensen, Chair, Department of Psychology, University of South Alabama

"In the rapidly changing domain of qualitative methods, this comprehensive handbook places qualitative inquiry in context and provides a much-needed, in-depth view of the latest developments. The book describes the 'roots' of the major qualitative methods and how they are developing, outlines innovations in research design and analysis, and explores the impact that these developments are having on methods per se. Hesse-Biber and Leavy are to be congratulated for bringing together leaders in the field to create this seminal work, which will have a profound impact on qualitative methods."--Janice M. Morse, Professor and Barnes Presidential Endowed Chair, College of Nursing, University of Utah

"Methods determine not only how we see, but also what we can see. This comprehensive handbook details creative new approaches to asking and exploring questions within the social sciences. These approaches offer liberation from the narrowing straits of logical positivistic measurement and quantification, and chart the paths to addressing more socially meaningful questions. They provide means for examining social reality with fresh tools. The range of chapters on different emergent methods will be enlightening to both new and experienced researchers."--Ruthellen Josselson, School of Psychology, Fielding Graduate University

"With contributions from both emerging and established methodological scholars, this innovative, engaging work articulates a view of research less as a linear series of stages than as an unfolding and evolving process. This orientation is in tune with changes in theoretical underpinnings of research that underline many contemporary methodological approaches, including participatory, feminist, and other inclusive approaches. Readers are offered fodder for beginning to think outside of the traditional methodological box and for revitalizing such methods as focus group interviewing and oral history. This book will be of value to both novice and more well-established investigators who wish to pursue their research endeavors more flexibly, reflectively, and inclusively."--Bruce L. Berg, Department of Criminal Justice, California State University, Long Beach

"Hesse-Biber and Leavy's timely and constructive response to the collapse of disciplinary authority and the postmodern challenge in the social sciences does not take an 'anything goes' position. The editors and their collaborators argue for a principled and rational approach to orchestrating research that welcomes and evaluates a bewildering array of emergent methods in the social sciences. This handbook both provides invaluable, specific guidance to researchers and frames the notion of methodological emergence as a theoretical challenge in its own right."--Davydd J. Greenwood, Goldwin Smith Professor of Anthropology, Cornell University

"This is a powerful and valuable work for anyone involved in social science research. Hesse-Biber and Leavy have called together many experienced writers in qualitative methods to explore the emergent methods so critical to the current time. Whether deconstructing document research, arts-based approaches, or historical methods, or extending our understanding of interviewing, performance ethnography, and participatory approaches, all of the chapters provide greater clarity about how we do what we do in the qualitative research community. If their goals were to illuminate, transform, and inspire, these editors and contributors have certainly hit their mark. This book is a gift to both students and teachers of emergent methods."--Valerie J. Janesick, Department of Educational Leadership and Policy Studies, University of South Florida


"Makes a real contribution to the researcher’s toolbox....The quality of the chapters is outstanding and the editors’ introductions to the sections are very helpful....Appropriate for graduate-level methods courses and useful to researchers, both experienced and beginning....Highly recommended. Graduate students through faculty and professionals."--Choice
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781462514809
  • Publisher: Guilford Publications, Inc.
  • Publication date: 10/15/2013
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Pages: 740
  • File size: 26 MB
  • Note: This product may take a few minutes to download.

Meet the Author

Sharlene Nagy Hesse-Biber is Professor of Sociology and Director of Women’s Studies at Boston College. She is also the founder and former Executive Director of the National Association for Women in Catholic Higher Education. She has published widely on the impact of sociocultural factors on women’s body image, as well as on feminist and qualitative research methods. She is codeveloper of the software program HyperRESEARCH, a computer-assisted program for analyzing qualitative data, and of the new transcription tool HyperTRANSCRIBE. Her article "Qualitative Approaches to Mixed Methods Practice" was the most downloaded article of 2010 in the journal Qualitative Inquiry.

Patricia Leavy, PhD, is an independent scholar, formerly Associate Professor and Chairperson of the Sociology and Criminology Department and Founding Director of the Gender Studies Program at Stonehill College. She is the author or coauthor of numerous books on research methods, arts-based research, and transdisciplinary research. She is also a novelist and the editor of three book series. Dr. Leavy was named the New England Sociologist of the Year by the New England Sociological Association. She lectures and presents workshops, and is frequently cited in the media for her expertise in gender and popular culture. Her website is www.patricialeavy.com.

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Table of Contents

Introduction. Pushing on the Methodological Boundaries: The Growing Need for Emergent Methods within and across the Disciplines Sharlene Nagy Hesse-Biber Patricia Leavy 1

Part I Historical Context of Emergent Methods and Innovation in the Practice of Research Methods Patricia Leavy Sharlene Nagy Hesse-Biber 17


1 History of Methods in Social Science Research Karen M. Staller Ellen Block Pilar S. Horner 25

2 Gender Inclusion, Contextual Values, and Strong Objectivity: Emergent Feminist Methods for Research in the Sciences Sue V. Rosser 53

3 A Post-Newtonian, Postmodern Approach to Science: New Methods in Social Action Research Lisa Cosgrove Maureen McHugh 73

4 Emergence in and from Quasi-Experimental Design and Analysis Melvin M. Mark 87

Document Research

5 Researching Documents: Emergent Methods Lindsay Prior 111

6 Emergent Qualitative Document Analysis David Altheide Michael Coyle Katie DeVriese Christopher Schneider 127

Grounded Theory

7 Grounded Theory as an Emergent Method Kathy Charmaz 155


8 New Frontiers in Standardized Survey Interviewing Frederick G. Conrad Michael F. Schober 173

9 Emergent Approaches to Focus Group Research David Morgan Collin Fellows Heather Guevara 189

10 Emergent Issues in International Focus Group Discussions Monique M. Hennink 207

11 Three Dimensions and More: Oral History Beyond the Paradoxes of Method Michael Frisch 221


12 Narrative Ethnography Jaber F. Gubrium James A. Holstein 241

13 Public Ethnography Carol A. Bailey 265

14 Emergent Methods in Autoethnographic Research: Autoethnographic Narrative and the Multiethnographic Turn Christine S. Davis Carolyn Ellis 283

15 New Critical Collaborative Ethnography Himika Bhattacharya 303

Arts-Based Practice

16 Visual Research Methods: Where Are We and Where Are We Going? Gunilla Holm 325

17 Performance-Based Emergent Methods Patricia Leavy 343

Part II Innovation in Research Methods Design and Analysis Sharlene Nagy Hesse-Biber 359

18 Mixing Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches: An Introduction to Emergent Mixed Methods Research Vicki L. Plano Clark John W. Creswell Denise O'Neil Green Ronald J. Shope 363

19 Emergent Techniques in the Gathering and Analysis of Mixed Methods Data Charles Teddlie Abbas Tashakkori Burke Johnson 389

20 Data Analysis and Interpretation: Emergent Issues in Linking Qualitative and Quantitative Evidence Sarah Irwin 415

21 Longitudinal Research: An Emergent Method in the Social Sciences Elisabetta Ruspini 437

22 Categorizing and Connecting Strategies in Qualitative Data Analysis Joseph A. Maxwell Barbara A. Miller 461

23 Metaphor Analysis Zazie Todd Simon J. Harrison 479

24 Hearing Voices: Listening for Multiplicity and Movement in Interview Data Lynn Sorsoli Deborah L. Tolman 495

Part III The Impact of Emergent Technologies on Research Methods Sharlene Nagy Hesse-Biber 517

25 Internet Research as Emergent Practice Christine Hine 525

26 Internet-Mediated Research as an Emergent Method and Its Potential Role in Facilitating Mixed Methods Research Claire Hewson 543

27 Hypermedia Methods for Qualitative Research Bella Dicks Bruce Mason 571

28 Mixed Emotions, Mixed Methods: The Role of Emergent Technologies in Studying User Experience in Context Ingrid Mulder Joke Kort 601

29 Emergent Methods in Feminist Geography Mei-Po Kwan 613

30 Neural Networks as an Emergent Method in Quantitative Research: An Example of Self-Organizing Maps Natalia Sarkisian 625

31 User-Centered Perspectives on Qualitative Data Analysis Software: Emergent Technologies and Future Trends Sharlene Nagy Hesse-Biber Christine Crofts 655

32 The Role of Computer-Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis: Impact on Emergent Methods in Qualitative Research Nigel Fielding 675

Author Index 697

Subject Index 715

About the Editors 731

Contributors 732

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