Handbook of Green Chemistry - Green Catalysis / Edition 1

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Overview

The shift towards being as environmentally-friendly as possible has resulted in the need for this important volume on heterogeneous catalysis. Edited by the father and pioneer of Green Chemistry, Professor Paul Anastas, and by the renowned chemist, Professor Robert Crabtree, this volume covers many different aspects, from industrial applications to the latest research straight from the laboratory. It explains the fundamentals and makes use of everyday examples to elucidate this vitally important field.

An essential collection for anyone wishing to gain an understanding of the world of green chemistry, as well as for chemists, environmental agencies and chemical engineers.

The Handbook of Green Chemistry comprises of 9 volumes in total, split into 3 subject-specific sets. The three sets are available individually. All 9 volumes are available individually, too.

Set I: Green Catalysis
- Volume 1: Homogeneous Catalysis
- Volume 2: Heterogeneous Catalysis
- Volume 3: Biocatalysis

Set II: Green Solvents
- Volume 4: Supercritical Solvents
- Volume 5: Reactions in Water
- Volume 6: Ionic Liquids

Set III: Green Processes
- Volume 7: Green Synthesis
- Volume 8: Green Nanoscience
- Volume 9: Designing Safer Chemicals

The Handbook of Green Chemistry is also available as Online Edition.

Podcasts
Listen to two podcasts in which Professor Paul Anastas and Journals Editor Paul Trevorrow discuss the origin and expansion of Green Chemistry and give an overview of The Handbook of Green Chemistry.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9783527324972
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 2/17/2009
  • Series: Handbook of Green Chemistry Series
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 355
  • Product dimensions: 6.90 (w) x 9.60 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Series Editor
Paul T. Anastas joined Yale University as Professor and serves as the Director of the Center for Green Chemistry and Green Engineering at Yale. From 2004-2006, Paul Anastas has been the Director of the Green Chemistry Institute in Washington, D.C. Until June of 2004 he served as Assistant Director for Environment at e White House Office of Science and Technology Policy where his responsibilities included a wide range of environmental science issues including furthering international public-private cooperation in areas of Science for Sustainability such as Green Chemistry. In 1991, he established the industry-government-university partnership Green Chemistry Program, which was expanded to include basic research, and the Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Awards. He has published and edited several books in the field of Green Chemistry and developed the 12 principles of Green Chemistry.

Volume Editor
Bob Crabtree took his first degree at Oxford, did his Ph.D. at Sussex and spent four years in Paris at the CNRS. He has been at Yale since 1977. He has chaired the Inorganic Division at ACS, and won the ACS and RSC organometallic chemistry prizes. He is the author of an organometallic textbook, and editor-in-chief of the Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry and Comprehensive Organometallic Chemistry. He has contributed to C-H activation, H2 complexes, dihydrogen bonding, and his homogeneous tritiation and hydrogenation catalyst is in wide use. More recently, he has combined molecular recognition with CH hydroxylation to obtain high selectivity with a biomimetic strategy.

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Table of Contents

About the Editors XIII

List of Contributors XV

1 Zeolites in Catalysis 1
Stephen H. Brown

1.1 Introduction 1

1.2 General Process Considerations 5

1.3 Zeolite Fundamentals 6

1.4 Reaction Mechanisms 8

1.5 Mass Transport and Diffusion 21

1.6 Zeolite Shape Selectivity 22

1.7 Counter Ion Mobility 29

1.8 Conclusions 29

2 Sol-Gel Sulfonic Acid Silicas as Catalysts 37
Adam F. Lee and Karen Wilson

2.1 Introduction 37

2.2 Preparation of Meso–structured Silica Sulfonic Acid Catalysts 38

2.3 Application in Organic Transformations 49

2.4 Conclusions and Future Prospects 53

3 Applications of Environmentally Friendly TiO2 Photocatalysts in Green Chemistry: Environmental Purification and Clean Energy Production Under Solar Light Irradiation 59
Masaya Matsuoka and Masakazu Anpo

3.1 Introduction 59

3.2 Principles of Photocatalysis 61

3.3 Application of Photocatalysts in Green Chemistry: Solar Energy Conversion and Environmental Protection 62

3.4 Development of Visible Light-responsive TiO2 Photocatalysts 73

3.5 Conclusion 79

4 Nanoparticles in Green Catalysis 81
Mazaahir Kidwai

4.1 Introduction 81

4.2 Advanced Catalysis by Gold Nanoparticles 81

4.3 Nickel Nanoparticles: a Versatile Green Catalyst 85

4.4 Copper Nanoparticles: an Efficient Catalyst 87

4.5 Bimetallic Nanoparticles in a Variety of Reactions 89

5 'Heterogreeneous Chemistry' 93
Heiko Jacobsen

5.1 Introduction 93

5.2 'Heterogreeneous Catalysis' 96

5.3 Solvents for Green Catalysis 108

5.4 Conclusion and Outlook 113

6 Single-site Heterogeneous Catalysts via Surface-bound Organometallic and Inorganic Complexes 117
Christophe Coperet

6.1 Introduction 117

6.2 Generalities 117

6.3 Hydrogenation and Hydrosilylation 119

6.4 Metathesis and Homologation Processes of Alkenes 124

6.5 Metathesis, Dimerization, Trimerization and Other Reactions Involving Alkynes 129

6.6 Lewis Acid-catalyzed Reactions 131

6.7 Oxidation 135

6.8 Alkane Homologation 141

7 Sustainable Heterogeneous Acid Catalysis by Heteropoly Acids 153
Ivan Kozhevnikov

7.1 Introduction 153

7.2 Development of HPA Catalysts Possessing High Thermal Stability 156

7.3 Modification of HPA Catalysts to Enhance Coke Combustion 157

7.4 Inhibition of Coke Formation on HPA Catalysts 161

7.5 Reactions in Supercritical Fluids 163

7.6 Cascade Reactions Using Multifunctional HPA Catalysts 165

7.7 Conclusion 172

8 The Kinetics of TiO2-based Solar Cells Sensitized by Metal Complexes 175
Anthony G. Fitch, Don Walker, and Nathan S. Lewis

8.1 Introduction 175

8.2 History 176

8.3 DSSC Design 177

8.4 Function of the DSSC 178

8.5 Performance of a DSSC 179

8.6 Kinetics Processes 180

8.7 Charge Injection 181

8.8 Recombination to the Dye 184

8.9 Regeneration 187

8.10 Conclusion 190

9 Automotive Emission Control: Past, Present and Future 197
Robert J. Farrauto and Jeffrey Hoke

9.1 Introduction 197

9.2 The First Oxidation Catalysts (1975–80) 198

9.3 Three-Way Catalysis (1980–present) 202

9.4 Diesel Catalysis 206

9.5 Diesel Emission Control: the Future 210

9.6 Fuel Cells and the Hydrogen Economy for Transportation Applications: the Future 217

9.7 Conclusions 220

10 Heterogeneous Catalysis for Hydrogen Production 223
Morgan S. Scott and Hicham Idriss

10.1 Introduction 223

10.2 Catalysis 231

10.3 Catalytic Decomposition of Ethanol 238

10.4 Conclusions 244

11 High-Throughput Screening of Catalyst Libraries for Emissions Control 247
Stephen Cypes, Joel Cizeron, Alfred Hagemeyer, and Anthony Volpe

11.1 Introduction 247

11.2 Experimental Techniques and Equipment 250

11.3 Low-Temperature CO Oxidation and VOC Combustion 265

11.4 NOx Abatement 273

11.5 Conclusion 277

11.5.1 Application of High-Throughput Screening to Emissions Control 277

12 Catalytic Conversion of High-Moisture Biomass to Synthetic Natural Gas in Supercritical Water 281
Frederic Vogel

12.1 Introduction 281

12.2 Survey of Different Technologies for the Production of Methane from Carbonaceous Feedstocks 285

12.3 Water as Solvent and Reactant 288

12.4 The Role of Heterogeneous Catalysis 290

12.5 Continuous Catalytic Hydrothermal Process for the Production of Methane 315

12.6 Summary and Conclusions 318

12.7 Outlook for Future Developments 319

12.7.1 A Self-sustaining Biomass Vision (SunCHem) 319

References 320

Index 325

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