Handbook of Medicinal Plants

Overview

Stay up-to-date with this important contribution to rationalized botanical medicine The Handbook of Medicinal Plants explores state-of-the-art developments in the field of botanical medicine. Nineteen experts from around the world provide vital information on natural products and herbal medicines - from their earliest relevance in various cultures to today's cutting-edge biotechnologies. Educated readers, practitioners, and academics of natural sciences will benefit from the text's rich list of references as well...

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Overview

Stay up-to-date with this important contribution to rationalized botanical medicine The Handbook of Medicinal Plants explores state-of-the-art developments in the field of botanical medicine. Nineteen experts from around the world provide vital information on natural products and herbal medicines - from their earliest relevance in various cultures to today's cutting-edge biotechnologies. Educated readers, practitioners, and academics of natural sciences will benefit from the text's rich list of references as well as numerous tables, figures, and color photographs and illustrations. The Handbook of Medicinal Plants is divided into three main sections. The first section covers the use of herbal medicines throughout history in China, Australia, the Americas, the Middle East, and the Mediterranean, emphasizing the need for future medicinal plant research. The second section discusses the latest technologies in production and breeding, crop improvement, farming, and plant research. The third section focuses on groundbreaking advances in the medicinal application of therapeutic herbs.

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What People Are Saying

Fereidoon Shahidi PhD
Fereidoon Shahidi, PhD, FACS, FCIC, FCIFST, FRSC, University Research Professor, Department of Biochemistry, Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada
A STATE-OF-THE-ART SOURCE OF INFORMATION FOR RESEARCHERS AND EDUCATORS. . . . HIGHLY RECOMMENDED. The handbook includes a concise account of the latest developments in the field. It begins with an introductory chapter followed by several sections representing the history of medicinal plants in different cultures, the technologies in medicinal plant research, and the latest developments in medicinal applications. In a final chapter, it discusses the hopes, dangers, and challenges involved in carrying out research in this multidisciplinary area. An extensive bibliography allows the reader to consult the original publications for further information.
Eli Putievsky
Professor Eli Putievsky, PhD, Head, Agricultural Research Organization; Former Head, Department of Medicinal & Aromatic Plants, Bet-Dagan, Israel
This handbook provides NEW, IMPORTANT, AND VALUABLE INFORMATION to all those interested in herbal medicine. Clinicians can find modern approaches for treating patients. Readers interested in the traditions prevailing in different parts of the world and the current use of plants can enrich their knowledge. In this book, edited by scientists who specialize in ethnobotany and molecular biology, experts from around the world provide vital information on natural products and herbal medicine. They cover the use of herbal medicines throughout history in China, Australia, the Americas, the Middle East, and the Mediterranean. The book also addresses the latest technologies in production and breeding, crop improvement, farming, etc., with special focuses on groundbreaking advances in the medical application of therapeutic herbs.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781560229957
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 6/28/2005
  • Pages: 500
  • Product dimensions: 5.80 (w) x 8.10 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Table of Contents

About the Editors
Contributors
Foreword
Preface
Acknowledgments
PART I. INTRODUCTION
Chapter 1. Trends and Challenges in Phytomedicine: Research in the New Millennium
Introduction
Quality Assurance of Medicinal Drugs and Phytopreparations
Search for New Bioactive Compounds and Chemical Modifications of Leading Compounds
Molecular-Biological Screening: Overall Pharmacological Profiles and Synergistic Effects
Clinical Trials, Pharmacokinetic Studies, and Bioavailability Studies
Scope and Aim of Phytomedicine in the Near Future
Conclusion
PART II. THE USE OF MEDICINAL PLANTS THROUGHOUT HISTORY
CHINESE MEDICINAL PLANTS
Chapter 2. History of Application of Medicinal Plants in China
Introduction
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs
Brief History of Application of Medicinal Plants
Medicinal Plants in China in the Past Century
Development of Resources
Chapter 3. Ethnopharmacology of Traditional Chinese Drugs from Medicinal Plants
Introduction
Diaphoretics
Antitussive Expectorants and Antiasthmatics
Drugs Clearing Heat and Drying Dampness
Purgative Drugs
Drugs Expelling Wind and Dampness
Aromatic Drugs Transforming Dampness
Drugs Benefiting Urination and Draining Dampness
Drugs Warming the Interior
Drugs Regulating Qi
Drugs Relieving Food Stagnation
Drugs Expelling Parasites
Drugs Stopping Bleeding
Drugs Regulating Blood Conditions
Drugs Tranquilizing the Mind
Drugs Pacifying the Liver and Subduing Endogenous Wind
Drugs That Open Orifices
Tonics
Astringent Drugs
Chapter 4. Research and Development of New Drugs Originating from Chinese Medicinal Plants
Introduction
Pathways of Research and Development from Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs
The Treatment Principles of Chinese Traditional Medicine
Valuable Clinical Results of the Application of National Minority Drugs
Active Compounds Isolated from Chinese Medicinal Plants
Types of Pharmacological Activities
The Challenges Faced in Modern Research and the Development of Medicinal Plants
Conclusion
MEDICINAL PLANTS IN NATIVE CULTURES
Chapter 5. African Medicinal Plants
Introduction
Strophantus spp., Apocynaceae
Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don, Apocynacace
Rauwolfia vomitoria Azfel (Apocynaceae)
Physostigma venenosum Balf. Fabaceae
Future Prospects
Chapter 6. Dilemmas and Solutions: Native American Plant Knowledge
A Mother’s Dilemma
A Plant’s Dilemma
Two Dilemmas Yield a Solution
An Example: Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)
Final Words
Chapter 7. Ethnobotany and Ethnomedicine of the Amazonian Indians
Introduction
The Yanomami
Arrow Poisons
Narcotics and Stimulants
Fish Poisons
Conclusion
Chapter 8. Healers and Physicians in Ancient and Medieval Mediterranean Cultures
Traditional Historiography
Two Main Works
The Range of Materia Medica
Transformations of Texts over Time
Plant Representations
Conclusion
Chapter 9. Remedies from the Bush: Traditional Medicine Among the Australian Aborigines
Introduction
The Dreamtime
Plants and People
Treatment of Common Ailments
Women’s Medicine
Two Remarkable Plants
Other Uses of Medicinal Plants
Nonplant Materia Medica
Conclusion
PART III. TECHNOLOGIES IN MEDICINAL PLANT RESEARCH
Chapter 10. Production and Breeding of Medicinal Plants
Short History of Medicinal Plant Production
The Present Situation and Characteristics of Medicinal Plant Cultivation in Europe
The Role and Significance of Harvesting from Wild Habitats
Characteristics of Breeding Medicinal Plants
Chapter 11. Biological Screening of Medicinal Plants
Introduction
Drug Discovery in Ancient Times
Random Drug Screening Using Animal Models
High-Throughput Screening Technologies
Future Prospects
Chapter 12. Biotechnology in Medicinal Crop Improvement
Introduction
Utilization of DNA Markers in Medicinal Plants
Construction of Genetic Maps Utilizing DNA Markers
Utilization of Genetic Engineering in Medicinal Plants
Conclusion
Chapter 13. In Vitro Cultivation of Medicinal Plants
Introduction
Plant Tissue Culture Techniques
In Vitro Plant Propagation
In Vitro Production of Secondary Metabolites
Conclusion
PART IV. LATEST DEVELOPMENTS IN MEDICINAL APPLICATIONS
Chapter 14. Medicinal Plants in the Prevention and Therapy of Cancer
Introduction
Mistletoe
Ginseng
Garlic
Chapter 15. Phytochemicals and Prevention of Coronary Heart Disease
Introduction
Plant-Derived Phenols
Soy
Cocoa
Tea
Wine
Olive Oil
Conclusion
Chapter 16. A Modern Look at Folkloric Use of Anti-Infective Agents
Introduction
Berberine
Sanguinarine
Quinine
Emetine
Individual Antimicrobial Medicinal Plants of Lesser Prominence
Conclusion
Chapter 17. Use of Medicinal Plants in CNS Disorders
Introduction
Disorders of the CNS
Plants and Derived Compounds Used to Treat Neurodegenerative Diseases
Plants and Derived Compounds Used As Anxiolytics, Tranquilizers, and Sedatives
Plants and Derived Compounds with Narcotic Effects
Plants and Derived Compounds Used As CNS Stimulants
Plants and Derived Compounds Used in Depression
Plants Used for Conditions That Display Excessive Aspects of Normal Function
Adaptogens
Conclusion
Chapter 18. Herbal Medicine in Endocrinology and Metabolic Disease
Gout
Diabetes Mellitus
Obesity
Hyperlipidemia
Menopause
Toxicity
Conclusion
Chapter 19. Bioactive Saponins from Plants: Recent Developments
Introduction
Anti-Inflammatory Activity
Hepatoprotective Activity
Cardiovascular Activity
Activity on the Central Nervous System
Hypoglycemic Activity
Antifungal Activity
Antiviral Activities
Anticancer and Immune System Related Activity
Conclusion
Chapter 20. Natural Products and Herbal Medicines in the Gastrointestinal Tract
Introduction
Antimicrobial Activities of Herbal Products
GI Immunoregulation
Chemical Considerations in the GI Tract
Herbal-Induced Drug Interactions in the GI Tract
Conclusion
PART V. HOPES AND DANGERS
Chapter 21. Challenges and Threats to Interdisciplinary Medicinal Plant Research
Introduction: Patients’ Dilemmas in 2005
Medicinal Plants and Their Modern and Historical Uses
New Methodological Developments
Medical Applications: Pharmacology and Clinical Use
Future Needs: Phytotherapy and the Concept of Ethnopharmacy
Conclusion
Index
Reference Notes Included
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