Handbook of Microalgal Culture: Applied Phycology and Biotechnology

Overview

Algae are some of the fastest growing plants in the world and up to 50 per cent of their weight is oil.

As well as its high oil content microalgae is also rich in other high value compounds such as vitamins, protein fatty acids, pigments, antioxidants and sterols. All these compounds can be extracted for use by the pharmaceutical industry and the algae itself can be used for feeding of livestock, particularly fish where there are hopes that it may be able to replace fish meal...

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Overview

Algae are some of the fastest growing plants in the world and up to 50 per cent of their weight is oil.

As well as its high oil content microalgae is also rich in other high value compounds such as vitamins, protein fatty acids, pigments, antioxidants and sterols. All these compounds can be extracted for use by the pharmaceutical industry and the algae itself can be used for feeding of livestock, particularly fish where there are hopes that it may be able to replace fish meal used in fish feeds in the future. Microalgae is also used in water purification systems.

So far only a few species of microalgae are under mass cultivation. The potential for expansion is potentially huge with some estimates suggesting that there are a further one million or more, so far unexploited species, representing a mind-boggling untapped resource.

The second edition of this extremely popular book contains 36 chapters. Nineteen of these are written by new authors. There are 11 new chapters covering important new aspects including novel photobioreactors, techno-economic analysis of algal mass culture, outdoor mass cultivation of oil-bearing microalgae, and the biology and large scale culture of several newly exploited species including Chlorella, Spirulina and Dunaniella.

This book is intended for Aquaculture engineers, phycologists, pharmaceutical, biofuel and fish feed industry and aquaculture personnel.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780470673898
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 6/4/2013
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 736
  • Product dimensions: 7.40 (w) x 9.80 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

Amos Richmond is Professor Emeritus at the Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Israel, and Founding Director of the Jacob Blaustein Institute for Desert Research, Sede Boker, Israel where he established the Micro-Algal Biotechnology Laboratory.

Qiang Hu is Professor in the College of Technology and Innovation, and Senior Sustainability Scientist at the Global Institute of Sustainability at Arizona State University. He is also co-director of the Arizona Center for Algae Technology and Innovation. Professor Hu has over 25 years of experience in fundamental and applied research on algae in topics ranging from photosynthesis, biosynthesis of lipids and carotenoids, growth physiology of high-density algal culture, photobioreactor system design, and application of algal mass culture technology for biofuels and chemicals, and for environmental bioremediation.

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Table of Contents

List of Contributors
Preface
Acknowledgments
Pt. I The Microalgae: With Reference to Mass-Cultivation 1
1 The Microalgal Cell 3
2 Photosynthesis in Microalgae 20
3 Basic Culturing Techniques 40
4 Environmental Stress Physiology 57
5 Environmental Effects on Cell Composition 83
Pt. II Mass Cultivation of Microalgae 95
6 Algal Nutrition: Mineral Nutrition 97
7 Algal Nutrition: Heterotrophic Carbon Nutrition 116
8 Biological Principles of Mass Cultivation 125
9 Mass Production of Microalgae: Photobioreactors 178
10 Downstream Processing of Cell-mass and Products 215
Pt. III Economic Applications of Microalgae 253
11 Industrial Production of Microalgal Cell-mass and Secondary Products - Major Industrial Species: Chlorella 255
12 Industrial Production of Microalgal Cell-mass and Secondary Products - Major Industrial Species: Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis 264
13 Industrial Production of Microalgal Cell-mass and Secondary Products - Major Industrial Species: Dunaliella 273
14 Industrial Production of Microalgal Cell-mass and Secondary Products - Species of High Potential: Haematococcus 281
15 Industrial Production of Microalgal Cell-mass and Secondary Products - Species of High Potential: Porphyridium sp 289
16 Industrial Production of Microalgal Cell-mass and Secondary Products - Species of High Potential: Mass Cultivation of Nannochloropsis in Closed Systems 298
17 Industrial Production of Microalgal Cell-mass and Secondary Products - Species of High Potential: Nostoc 304
18 Microalgae in Human and Animal Nutrition 312
19 Microalgae for Aquaculture: The Current Global Situation and Future Trends 352
20 Microalgae for Aquaculture: Microalgae Production for Aquaculture 365
21 Microalgae for Aquaculture: The Nutritional Value of Microalgae for Aquaculture 380
22 N[subscript 2]-fixing Cyanobacteria as Biofertilizers in Rice Fields 392
23 Hydrogen and Methane Production by Microalgae 403
24 Water Pollution and Bioremediation by Microalgae: Eutrophication and Water Poisoning 417
25 Water Pollution and Bioremediation by Microalgae: Water Purification: Algae in Wastewater Oxidation Ponds 430
26 Water Pollution and Bioremediation by Microalgae: Absorption and Adsorption of Heavy Metals by Microalgae 439
27 Water Pollution and Bioremediation by Microalgae: Impacts of Microalgae on the Quality of Drinking Water 448
Pt. IV New Frontiers 455
28 Targeted Genetic Modification of Cyanobacteria: New Biotechnological Applications 457
29 Microalgae as Platforms for Recombinant Proteins 471
30 Bioactive Chemicals in Microalgae 485
31 Heterotrophic Production of Marine Algae for Aquaculture 513
32 N[subscript 2]-fixing Cyanobacteria as a Gene Delivery System for Expressing Mosquitocidal Toxins of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis 525
33 The Enhancement of Marine Productivity for Climate Stabilization and Food Security 534
Index 545
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