Handbook of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry: Principles and Practice / Edition 1

Handbook of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry: Principles and Practice / Edition 1

by Michael E. Brown
     
 

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ISBN-10: 044482085X

ISBN-13: 9780444820853

Pub. Date: 09/07/1998

Publisher: Elsevier Science

Handbook of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, Volume 1: Principles and Practice describes the basic background information common to thermal analysis and calorimetry in general. Thermodynamic and kinetic principles are discussed along with the instrumentation and methodology associated with thermoanalytical and calorimetric techniques. The purpose is to

Overview

Handbook of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, Volume 1: Principles and Practice describes the basic background information common to thermal analysis and calorimetry in general. Thermodynamic and kinetic principles are discussed along with the instrumentation and methodology associated with thermoanalytical and calorimetric techniques. The purpose is to collect the discussion of these general principles and minimize redundancies in the subsequent volumes that are concerned with the applications of these principles and methods. More unique methods, which pertain to specific processes or materials, are covered in later volumes.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780444820853
Publisher:
Elsevier Science
Publication date:
09/07/1998
Series:
Handbook of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry Series, #1
Pages:
722
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 9.02(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Foreword
Preface
Addresses of Authors
1.Definitions, Nomenclature, Terms and Literature
Introduction
Thermal analysis and calorimetry - definitions, classifications and nomenclature
Characterization of measuring instruments
Characterization of measured curves and values
Characterization, interpretation and presentation of results
Literature on thermal analysis and calorimetry
Acknowledgement
References
2.Thermodynamic Background to Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Introduction
Thermodynamic systems and the concept of temperature
The first law of thermodynamics
The second and the third laws of thermodynamics
The Helmholtz energy and the Gibbs energy
Equilibrium conditions
Open systems
Systems consisting of a pure substance
Mixtures and phase diagrams
Chemical reactions
References
3.Kinetic Background to Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Introduction
Kinetic models for solid-state reactions
The most important rate equations used in kinetic analyses of solid state reactions
Kinetic analysis of isothermal experiments
The influence of temperature on reaction rate
Kinetic analysis of non-isothermal experiments
Kinetic aspects of non-scanning calorimetry
Publication of kinetic results
References
4.Thermogravimetry and Thermomagnetometry
Introduction
Measurement of mass
Design and control of the thermobalance
Data collection and presentation
Calibration
References
5.Differential Thermal Analysis and Differential Scanning Calorimetry
Introduction and historical background
Definitions and distinctions
Theory of DTA and DSC
Instrumentation
Modulated temperature differential scanning calorimetry (MTDSC)
Operations and sampling
General interpretation and conclusions
References
6.Thermomechanical Methods
Introduction
Static methods
Dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA)
Conclusion
References
7.Dielectric Techniques
Introduction
Dielectric response
Temperature dependence
Effect of moisture content
Instrumentation
Nomenclature
References
8.Controlled Rate Thermal Analysis and Related Techniques
Introduction
Historical development
Different properties and modes used for SCTA
Nomenclature
The advantages of SCTA
Kinetic aspects
Prospects for the future
Conclusions
References
9.Less-Common Techniques
Introduction
Emanation thermal analysis (ETA)
Thermosonimetry
Thermoacoustimetry
Miscellaneous
References
10.Thermomicroscopy
Historical introduction
General equipment and accessories
Experimental methods
Examples of applications
Conclusions
Acknowledgements
References
11.Simultaneous Measurements
Introduction
Simultaneous thermogravimetry - differential scanning calorimetry TG-DSC (DTA)
Simultaneous thermomechanical analysis-differential thermal analysis (TMA-DTA)
Simultaneous differential scanning calorimetry-thermoptometry (DSC-TOA)
Simultaneous dynamic mechanical analysis - dielectric thermal analysis (DMA-DETA)
Other techniques
Acknowledgements
References
12.EGA-Evolved Gas Analysis
Introduction
Coupling TG-MS
Coupling TG-FTIR
The use of analytical techniques by on-line and off-line combination with thermal analysis
References
13.Calibration and Standardisation in DSC
Introduction
Temperature calibration
Calorimetric calibration
Reference materials
Concluding remarks
References
14.Nonscanning Calorimetry
Introduction
Definitions and explanations
Systematic errors
Test and calibration procedures
Calorimetry sciences corporation and related calorimeters
Sceres calorimeters
Setaram calorimeters
Thermometric calorimeters
Some other commercialized designs
Combustion calorimeters
Acknowledgements
References
Index

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