Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths

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Overview

This volume of the Handbook illustrates the rich variety of topics covered by rare earth science. Three chapters are devoted to the description of solid state compounds: skutterudites (Chapter 211), rare earth -antimony systems (Chapter 212), and rare earth-manganese perovskites (Chapter 214). Two other reviews deal with solid state properties: one contribution includes information on existing thermodynamic data of lanthanide trihalides (Chapter 213) while the other one describes optical properties of rare earth compounds under pressure (Chapter 217). Finally, two chapters focus on solution chemistry. The state of the art in unraveling solution structure of lanthanide-containing coordination compounds by paramagnetic nuclear magnetic resonance is outlined in Chapter 215. The potential of time-resolved, laser-induced emission spectroscopy for the analysis of lanthanide and actinide solutions is presented and critically discussed in Chapter 216.

This was the last volume in this distinguished series of handbooks published in the twentieth century. It contains three chapters dealing with rare earth alloys and intermetallic compounds.

Chapter one deals with ternary rare earth-germanium alloys, their phase diagrams and the crystal structures of the intermediate phases. In particular the group VIII metals are discussed, of which the first member of each row (iron, ruthenium and osmium) forms only half the number of compounds as the other two members, cobalt and nickel and their congeners. The author also observes that the ternary alloy systems of the rare earths and germanium with the s and p elements have hardly been investigated. The chapter ends with a discussion on the general trends and unusual features observed in the various sets of ternary phase diagrams.

Chapters two describes in detail the various structure types that have been adopted by the rare earth-germanium ternary intermetallic compounds. The correlations, crystal chemistry and interrelationships of the 135 structure types are discussed. This paper also reviews quaternary compounds and superstructures.

The final chapter deals with scandium alloys and intermetallic compounds, binary, ternary and higher order systems. The authors summarize the various phase diagrams of scandium systems and present the crystal structure properties of the various intermediate phases. The chapter finishes with a presentation of physical property data on scandium intermetallic phases. The results are divided into three groups - compounds which have a magnetic ground state, a superconducting ground state and those with neither a magnetic or a superconducting ground state

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Product Details

Meet the Author

Professor J-C.G. B├╝nzli is a physical-inorganic and analytical chemist by training and an active researcher in the field of co-ordination and supramolecular chemistry of rare-earth ions. His research focuses mainly on designing self-assembled functional edifices containing rare-earth ions and with predetermined photophysical and/or magnetic properties.

Professor V.K. Pecharsky is an active researcher in the field of structure-physical property relationships of rare earth-based intermetallic compounds. He co-authored over 250 papers published in peer reviewed journals and as chapters in books, holds 10 patents, mostly related to preparation and processing rare earth-based alloys.

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Table of Contents

Preface. X-ray scattering studies of lantanide magnetism (D.F. McMorrow, D. Gibbs, J. Bohr). Static and dynamic stresses (A.M. Tishin, Yu. I. Spichkin, J. Bohr). Itinerant electron metamagnetism of Co sublattice in the lanthanide-cobalt intermetallics (N.H. Duc, T. Goto). Photoelectron spectroscopy in heavy fermion systems: emphasis on single crystals (A.J. Arko et al.). Author index. Subject index.
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