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Handbook to Life in the Aztec World
     

Handbook to Life in the Aztec World

by Manuel Aguilar-Moreno
 

ISBN-10: 0816056730

ISBN-13: 9780816056736

Pub. Date: 12/28/2005

Publisher: Facts on File, Incorporated

Ever since the violent end of the empire in 1521, the marvels and mysteries of Aztec Mexico have intrigued us. And in recent years, astounding discoveries from the excavation of the Templo Mayor in the heart of Mexico City have taught us even more about this fascinating culture. The increasing recognition that the achievements of Mesoamerican civilizations were among

Overview

Ever since the violent end of the empire in 1521, the marvels and mysteries of Aztec Mexico have intrigued us. And in recent years, astounding discoveries from the excavation of the Templo Mayor in the heart of Mexico City have taught us even more about this fascinating culture. The increasing recognition that the achievements of Mesoamerican civilizations were among the most sophisticated of the ancient world has led to a demand for introductions to the basic methods and theories of archaeologists, art historians, and historians working throughout the region.

Gathering the results of recent archaeological discoveries and scholarly research into a single volume, Handbook to Life in the Aztec World unlocks the secrets of this great empire. Organized in a highly accessible format, it contains in-depth coverage of Aztec history, geography, foods, trades, arts, games, wars, political systems, class structure, religious practices, trading networks, writings, architecture, science, and more. Detailed descriptions and more than 165 original line drawings pair with high-quality photographs, maps, and tables to bring the Aztec world to life, making this volume a perfect addition to any personal collection, classroom, or library.

About the Author:
Manuel Aguilar-Moreno is Professor of Art History at California State University in Los Angeles

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780816056736
Publisher:
Facts on File, Incorporated
Publication date:
12/28/2005
Series:
Handbook to Life Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
464
Product dimensions:
9.40(w) x 7.50(h) x 1.40(d)
Age Range:
14 - 17 Years

Table of Contents


List of Illustrations     vii
List of Maps     ix
List of Tables     ix
Foreword   John M. D. Pohl     xi
Acknowledgments     xvii
Introduction     xix
Guide to Pronunciation and Spelling of Nahuatl Terms     xxiii
Mesoamerican Civilizations and Aztec Archaeology     1
The Area of Mesoamerica     2
The People of Mesoamerica     5
Brief History of Aztec Archaeology     19
Main Historical Primary Sources about the Aztec     24
Reading     26
Evolution of Aztec Civilization     27
Origins and the Great Migration     28
Mexica-Aztec History     36
Reading     49
Geography of the Aztec World     51
The Concept of Sacred Landscape     52
The Valley of Mexico: The Land, the Lake, and Natural Resources     56
The Island City of Tenochtitlan     59
City-States and Neighboring Peoples     65
Linguistic History and Distribution of the Nahua Peoples     67
Reading     71
Society and Government     73
Social Structure and Class Hierarchy     74
Tlatoani     75
Cihuacoatl     86
Priests     87
Tecuhtli     92
Calpulli     92
Household     93
Reading     95
Warfare     97
Training     98
Military Ranks and Orders     102
Military Intelligence     106
Women and War     107
Uniforms and Weapons     108
Battle Tactics and Strategies     120
Principal Aztec Military Campaigns     127
Tribute     131
Flower Wars     133
Reading     134
Religion, Cosmology, and Mythology     137
Structure of the Universe     138
Main Myths     139
The Aztec Gods     144
Rituals     152
Ritual Human Sacrifice     153
Reading     157
Funerary Beliefs and Customs     159
Creation Myths and Concepts about Death     160
Funerary Places of Destination     162
Burials and Cremation     166
Souls     170
Human Sacrifice     172
Reading     175
Aztec Art     177
Aztec Artists and Craftsmen     178
Monumental Stone Sculpture     179
Terra-cotta Sculpture     204
Ceramics     206
Wood Art     208
Feather Work     210
Lapidary Arts     212
Gold Work     214
Reading     215
Aztec Architecture     217
Symbolism     218
Types of Architecture     220
Building Materials and Techniques     225
The Precinct of Tenochtitlan     225
Other Cities     238
Reading     260
Nahuatl Literature     261
Tlacuilos and Their Techniques     262
Codices     264
Pictographic-Phonetic Writing     275
Poetry and Narrative     282
Reading     288
The Calendar, Astronomy, and Mathematics     289
The Calendar System     290
Concept of the Universe     300
Astronomy     304
Mathematics     311
Reading     315
Economy, Industry, and Trade     317
Modes of Production     318
Agriculture and Chinampas     321
Use of Water in the Valley of Mexico      326
Food Sources     328
Laborers and Artisans     332
The Marketplace     338
Transportation     341
Long-Distance Trade     343
The Pochtecah     346
Tribute     349
Reading     349
Daily Life     351
Family     352
Women     353
Education     357
Shamanism and Medicine     359
Games     361
Personal Appearance and Attire     364
Royal Court Life     369
Food and Drink     371
Music and Dance     374
Reading     377
The Aztec After the Conquest and Today     379
The Conquest of Mexico     380
Colonial Mexico: The Process of Transculturation     384
Tequitqui Art     390
Mexico and Its Mestizo Identity     392
The Indians of Central Mexico Today     398
Reading     399
Main Museums Containing Aztec Collections     401
Aztec Poems     403
Bibliography     407
Index     419

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