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by Jo Walton

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Before Jo Walton won the Hugo and Nebula Awards for her stunning Among Others, she published a trilogy set in a dark alternate postwar England that had negotiated "Peace with Honor" with Nazi Germany in 1941. These novels-Farthing, Ha'penny, and Half a Crown-are connected by common threads, but can be read in any order.

In Ha'penny,


Before Jo Walton won the Hugo and Nebula Awards for her stunning Among Others, she published a trilogy set in a dark alternate postwar England that had negotiated "Peace with Honor" with Nazi Germany in 1941. These novels-Farthing, Ha'penny, and Half a Crown-are connected by common threads, but can be read in any order.

In Ha'penny, England has completed its slide into fascist dictatorship. The last hopes of democracy seem extinguished. Then a bomb explodes in a London suburb.

The brilliant but compromised Inspector Carmichael of Scotland Yard is assigned the case. What he finds leads him to a conspiracy of peers and communists-of staunch King-and-Country patriots and hardened IRA gunmen-to murder the Prime Minister and his ally, Adolf Hitler.

Against a background of domestic espionage and suppression, a band of idealists blackmails an actress who holds the key to the Fuhrer's death. From the ha'penny seats in the theatre to the ha'pennys that cover dead men's eyes, the conspiracy and the investigation swirl inexorably to a stunning conclusion.

Editorial Reviews

Publishers Weekly

This provocative sequel to acclaimed alternate history Farthing (2006) delves deeper into the intrigue and paranoia of 1940s fascist Great Britain. Denied help from the United States, England negotiated the Farthing Peace with the Nazis to end WWII, surrendering freedom for a narrow kind of safety. Eight years later, Scotland Yard investigators like Inspector Carmichael spend as much time monitoring the activities of gays, Jews and foreigners as they do hunting criminals. Carmichael, outed to his superiors as a homosexual and blackmailed into keeping deadly political secrets, plans to retire after his current case, a bombing at the country house of respected actress Lauria Gilmore. Meanwhile, Viola Lark is preparing for the role of her life as a female Hamlet when she's coerced into a plot to kill the prime minister and Hitler on opening night. World Fantasy Award-winner Walton masterfully illustrates how fear can overwhelm common sense, while leaving hope for a resurgence of popular bravery and an end to dictatorial rule. (Oct.)

Copyright 2007 Reed Business Information
In this alternative history where Great Britain and Nazi Germany have reached an uneasy alliance, Viola Larkin, an aspiring actress, responds to her sister Siddy's urgent summons. Siddy has joined a terrorist group bent on blowing up England's Prime Minister, Mark Normanby, and Adolf Hitler at Viola's opening night at a London theater. At first, Viola refuses to participate, but faced with her subsequent execution, she agrees to help, hoping that she can escape later. In alternating chapters, Inspector Carmichael of Scotland Yard investigates a London bombing that leads him ever closer to Siddy's terrorist group. Seconds before the bomb's detonation, Carmichael evacuates the theater box saving both Hitler and Normanby. Viola's conflicted emotions make her very genuine. She falls in love with Irish terrorist, Devlin Connelly, who wins her over to his cause. Even realizing that the plot may kill Viola's third sister, Celia, the wife of a high-ranking Nazi, Viola never attempts to notify the authorities. In the end, Siddy flees the country and Devlin is killed by a Nazi as he detonates the bomb, leaving Viola alone to face charges of treason. The book's first sentence, "They don't hang people like me," echoes with haunting clarity. Carmichael does not escape unscathed, finding himself honored as a hero for saving two men he despises. Well-drawn, believable characters mark this chilling sequel to Farthing (Tor, 2006). A tight narrative pulls the reader inexorably toward the grim finale and provides an excellent choice for young adult book discussion groups Reviewer: Nancy K. Wallace
From the Publisher

“Stellar… Horrifying and all-too-possible.” —RT Book Reviews, Top Pick! on Ha'penny

“Walton's use of a common genre template--this time the race-against-time thriller--allows her to develop the eerily contemporary underpinnings of her alternate history…. Gives us much to think about regarding her world and our own.” —Sarah Weinman, The Los Angeles Times on Ha'penny

“[Farthing and Ha'penny] are compulsively readable for their characters and plots. But it's [Walton's] observations about power that make them hard to put down.” —Baltimore City Paper

“Masterful work…. This is political suspense at its best and brightest.” —Bookslut.com

Product Details

Tom Doherty Associates
Publication date:
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First Edition
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4.10(w) x 6.70(h) x 1.00(d)

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By Jo Walton, Patrick Nielsen Hayden

Tom Doherty Associates

Copyright © 2007 Jo Walton
All rights reserved.
ISBN: 978-1-4299-5461-7


They don't hang people like me. They don't want the embarrassment of a trial, and besides, Pappa is who he is. Like it or not, I'm a Larkin. They don't want the headline "Peer's Daughter Hanged." So much easier to shut me away and promise that if I keep very quiet they'll release me as cured into my family's custody in a year or two. Well, I may have been an awful fool, but I've never been saner, and besides, I can't stand most of my family. I've never had the slightest intention of keeping quiet. That's why I'm writing this. I hope someone someday might get the chance to read it. Pay attention. I'm going to tell you the important things, in order.

It started in the most innocuous way, with a job offer.

"You are the only woman I can truly imagine as Hamlet, Viola." Antony gazed into my eyes across the table in a way which someone must have told him was soulful and irresistible, but which actually makes him look like a spaniel that needs worming. He was one of London's best-known actor managers, very distinguished, quite fifty years old, and running a little to fat. It was an honor to be given one of Antony's famous lunches, always tête-à-tête, always at the Venezia in Bedford Street, and always culminating, after the mouthwatering dessert, in the offer of a leading role.

That was the year that everyone was doing theater cross-cast. It was 1949, eight years after the end of the war. London's theaters were brightly lit, and full of the joys and struggles of life. Palmer did it first, thex year before, putting on The Duke of Malfi at the Aldwych. Everyone said it would be a fizzle at best, but we all went to see how they did it, out of curiosity. Then, with Charlie Brandin getting raves as the Duke, Sir Marmaduke jumped on the bandwagon and did Barrie's old Quality Street, with all the men as women and all the women men. It was the success of the winter, so when plays were being picked for the summer season, of course there was hardly a house playing things straight.

I'd scoffed as much as anyone, or more, so much in fact that I'd turned down a couple of parts and thought of leaving town and lying low for a little. But if I left, where could I go? London theater was putting up a brave struggle against the cinema, a struggle already lost elsewhere. Theater in the provinces was at its last death rattle. When I was starting out, a London play would be toured all over the country, not by the London cast but by a second-string company. There might be two or three tours of the same play, the second company doing Brighton and Birmingham and Manchester, and the third doing a circuit of Cardiff and Lancaster and Blackpool. The deadliest tours played at every tiny place, crossing the country by train on a Sunday, staying in the most appalling digs. It was the way you started out, and if you were better known and wanted a rest from London, the second companies were panting to snap you up. But since the war tours were rare, and there was fierce competition for them. There was only London, and the occasional tryout elsewhere. People in the provinces could just whistle for theater. They were starved of it entirely. I can't think how they managed. Amateur productions and coming up to London when they could afford it, I suppose. Either that or they really were quite happy with the cinema instead.

In any case, there was no hope of a tour for me. If I didn't work, I could afford to lie quiet for a season, if I lived carefully. The problem was that I couldn't count on it being only one season. The theater lives from moment to moment, and once your name isn't seen it can easily be forgotten. I didn't want to leave acting, and besides, what was I supposed to do, starve? Well, the choice would be to starve or go back to my family, which would, I felt sure, be much worse than starving. My family are like cannibals, except that they wear pearls and diamonds instead of necklaces of skulls.

I gave Antony one of my best indecisive glances. Indecisive glances would be helpful if I took the part. Hamlet is famously indecisive. Besides, even if my friends did laugh at me for a few days, how often is anyone given the chance to play Hamlet? I'd gone along for lunch with Antony knowing it meant a good meal, almost sure I'd turn down whatever he offered me. Antony was never stingy, and the wine at the Venezia was always good. Hamlet, though. There are so few truly good women's parts in the world, and Hamlet was a dream of a role, as long as the cross-casting didn't make the whole play absurd. I could picture the lights already: VIOLA LARK AS HAMLET.

"Will you reverse everyone?" I asked, moving a little away from Antony and signaling to the waiter that my plate was utterly empty of tiramisu and could be taken away.

Antony took up his wineglass and sipped. "No," he said. "Consider Hamlet, daughter and heir to Denmark. How much more likely that her uncle would usurp? How much more difficult that she assert herself? Hesitation would be much much more natural than for a man. Her relationship with Gertrude, with Claudius, works perfectly. Horatio wishes to be more than a friend. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern can be seen in the light of Penelope's lovers. Laertes, too, Laertes is Hamlet's true love, which makes the end sing. In fact, the whole play makes much more sense this way."

He almost convinced me. "But Ophelia?" I asked, as the waiter glided over and poured more wine. "Surely you're not thinking of making that a sapphic relationship?" It's funny, there are enough women in the theater who wouldn't look at a man, and men who wouldn't look at a woman for that matter, but everyone would have forty fits if you tried to put a storyline explicitly mentioning them into a play.

"There's no real textual evidence it is a physical relationship at all," Antony said, dreamily. "Or one could read whatever one wanted into their earlier relationship, why not, get thee to a nunnery, after all."

"But surely Polonius sets her to entice Hamlet?" I shook my head, realizing that I'd have to look at the text again to make sure exactly what Polonius said. I'd never played Ophelia, all I had was a vague impression of the speech. "I can't see a pompous stick like him encouraging a sapphic enticement, or if he did, I can't see the Lord Chamberlain allowing us to show it."

"The wonderful thing about you, Viola, is that there's something in your head already," Antony said. "So many young actresses have no ideas whatsoever. Hmm. We could reverse Ophelia, and make her another suitor; Hamlet beset by suitors. The two brothers, Laertes and Ophelia. That works, my dear. We'd have to cut the nunnery line. I don't want to change lines, except for the he/she stuff, obviously, but Hamlet is always cut, judiciously, but cut. At full length, it would play almost four hours."

I could imagine a female Hamlet beset by suitors, doubts, and ghosts. She'd be virginal, disgusted by her mother's sexuality and unsure of her own. I was feeling my way into the part already. "I'll take it," I said, draining my glass.

"Very good," Antony said, beaming. "And with your well-known family background, I don't need to ask if you're British born."

"I was born in Ireland, actually," I said, resenting the bit about well-known background. The papers had always made such a meal of my family, it had been a real handicap when I was starting off. I hated thinking people came to see me on the dancing bear principle. "Pappa was still Lord Lieutenant there at the time. But I'm a British subject."

Antony frowned. "Do you have a new identity card?" he asked.

"Of course I do." I fished it out of my bag and dropped it on the table, open. My rather wide-eyed snap looked up at both of us. "The Honourable Viola Anne Larkin. Date of Birth: February 4, 1917. Age: 32. Height: 5 feet and 7 inches. Hair: blonde. Eyes: blue. Religion: Church of England. Place of birth: Dublin. Nationality: British. Mother: British. Father: British." I folded it up again. "And you could add to that grandmothers and grandfathers back to when one Lord Carnforth married a French countess in 1802, or back to the Conquest on Mother's side."

"That's all right," he said. "I'm sorry, it's just that with the new regulations we simply can't employ anyone who isn't really British."

"The new regulations are a stupid waste of time," I said, lighting a cigarette.

"I couldn't agree more, my dear, but I have to observe them or I'll be in trouble." Antony sighed. "My own mother was American, and in some eyes that makes me suspect."

"But the Americans are our cousins across the Atlantic, sort of thing, surely?" I said, blowing out smoke.

"Surely," Antony repeated, cynically. "But for some people they'll always be the land of Mrs. Simpson, and President Roosevelt refusing to help us in 1940. I had a certain amount of difficulty with the registration for the new card. It was nonsense, as you say." He drained his glass.

"You shouldn't let it upset you," I said. "Have you cast anyone else?"

The waiter, as smooth as a machine, and to tell the truth, as oily, brought us coffee. Antony stirred sugar into his, being a man and not caring about extra inches. He got his mind back to the play, finally.

"I thought of taking Claudius myself. I imagine Claudius as a man bad enough to commit murder, but with enough conscience to come to feel guilty. Very interesting part. Complex."

I tried my coffee. It was excellent. Italians always know how to make good coffee. "I'm sure you'd be splendid. And how lovely it would be to work with you again." That was only half soft-soap. He really was a very good actor, when he played the right type, and Claudius could very well be the right type for him. I could remember him smoldering embarrassingly in Byronic parts and was terribly glad he was too old for that now.

He smiled, vain like all actors. "I've managed to get Lauria Gilmore for Gertrude. She'll really do justice to her."

Lauria was a theater workhorse; she'd played Gertrude before, along with almost any part you could mention. "I played with Lauria in The Importance of Being Earnest," I said.

"She was a glorious Lady Bracknell," Antony said, gazing into the distance. "And you were a splendid Gwendolen too," he said, loyally.

I'd played Cecily, but I couldn't really expect him to remember. It had been eight years ago, the first season after the war, when everyone had been slightly frantic at the Blitz being over and Hitler stopping at the Channel. Nobody had been really sure if the Farthing Peace would hold, or if we'd all be plunged into war again at any minute. All the theaters had either run daring revues or frothy comedies striving for wit. We needed laughter as we'd come to terms with not being about to be bombed to bits. Wilde's genuine wit had hit just the right note.

"How about the suitors?" I asked.

"I haven't made any approaches, but I thought perhaps Brandin for Laertes, and Douglas James for Horatio. I hadn't thought about Ophelia at all, at least, I was thinking in terms of a woman. There won't be many women. No — I could make the Player King and the whole troupe women, and have the play-within-the-play work something like a ballet." He wasn't seeing me at all.

"That would be glorious," I said. "How about Mark Tillet for Ophelia? I played with him in Crotchets two years ago, the play was nothing and it didn't run, but I thought he was jolly good."

"Hmm?" Antony came back from his reverie. "Who?"

"Mark Tillet?"

"Oh no." Antony sighed. "Jewish, my dear, and therefore ruin at the moment. I wouldn't even want the word Jew whispered around a play of mine this season, unless it was The Merchant of Venice."

I finished my coffee. "Mark? Really? I had no idea. He doesn't look Jewish."

"You mean he doesn't have a hooked nose and long ringlets and a copy of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion under his arm?" Antony laughed without mirth, a stage laugh. "A young lady of your background would probably be surprised how many Jews there are in the theater."

"Leave my bloody background out of it," I snapped. "I've been treading the boards since 1936. That wasn't what I meant at all."

"Sorry," Antony said, insincerely. "Nobody would doubt you know your way around the theater by now." He set down his coffee cup and signaled to the hovering waiter. "Well, since I have secured your services as a leading lady, I shall leave you, and attempt to secure the rest of my cast. Rehearsals begin on Monday, ten sharp, in the theater."

"You haven't told me which theater, yet," I said, laughing.

"The Siddons," he said. "Appropriate, isn't it?"

"Very appropriate," I agreed. There may have been women who had played Hamlet between me and Sarah Siddons, but I couldn't think of any.

"Oh, and one other thing, now you've agreed," he said, confidentially, leaning towards me. "I've told Lauria, but nobody else at all, so keep it to yourself until it's announced officially. The first night, which will be Friday, July first, we'll have a very distinguished audience — the Prime Minister and Herr Hitler."

I wasn't a snob and didn't give two hoots, but it did mean that the play was likely to get lots of attention from the papers. "Good," I said. "What a coup for you, Antony!"

We parted on the pavement outside the Venezia. It was a typical English June day, drizzling in a fine mist, the kind of day my Irish nanny used to describe as "soft." I wanted to go home and read the play, though I couldn't really start learning my lines until I had a proper acting copy with Antony's "judicious cuts" and whatever he/she changes it needed. I started to walk briskly through Covent Garden towards the tube station. I shared a flat behind the British Museum with my dear friend Mollie Gaston and our dresser, Mrs. Tring. Mrs. Tring wasn't really our dresser. She was a dresser, but she wasn't picky, she'd dress anyone. She'd been my dresser back in the summer of 1941 in The Importance of Being Earnest and in the chaos that London was then, just after the Blitz, had happened to mention that she was looking for somewhere to live. She'd been making me comfortable ever since, and the flat, chosen because it was so cheap, had become like a home. Mollie and Mrs. Tring were like family, only better than my own family because less bloody poisonous.

People always think that because my father is a lord, I must live off the family wealth. This is total rot. I could, of course, or to be more precise, there was a time when it would have been possible. In 1935, when I was eighteen, my mother wanted me to be a debutante and I wanted to act. I'd done her thing for one season, incidentally learning quite a lot in the process, and thereafter I went my own way. She said she'd never speak to me again and the family would cut me off with a shilling, and I walked out. Our relations have been rocky ever since. Swearing you'll never speak to someone again is easy, but of course very hard to keep up. But I've never quite forgotten it, and I never go to Carnforth. My little sister Dodo comes to see me when she's in London, and when she brings her children up we all go to the zoo and I take them out for ices. But when Rosie unexpectedly came to see me in Crotchets and sent round flowers, which was sweet of her, I didn't invite her backstage. The theater is a different world. I knew she wouldn't understand.

I ran into Charlie Brandin coming out of the lift at the Underground as I was about to go in. "Viola!" he called. "Have you heard?"

"Heard what?" I asked, stopping and walking back outside with him. Actors love gossip worse than parlor maids. "I heard Antony's going to offer you Laertes in his new Hamlet, so we're to play lovers again, and we can languish madly at each other."

Charlie's a pansy, the theater is full of them as I was saying, so it's quite safe to tease him about this kind of thing. "But Laertes is Ophelia's brother ..." he said, taking a moment to get it. "No! You're playing Hamlet?"

I grinned. "I couldn't resist."

"My dear, I'm so relieved I'll be able to eat this season without showing my legs in a skirt that I shall endure the torments of being your lover with hardly a pang," he said. Some of the theaters were casting cross-dressed as well as cross-cast. "Shall we go to Mimi's and eat pancakes to celebrate?"


Excerpted from Ha'penny by Jo Walton, Patrick Nielsen Hayden. Copyright © 2007 Jo Walton. Excerpted by permission of Tom Doherty Associates.
All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
Excerpts are provided by Dial-A-Book Inc. solely for the personal use of visitors to this web site.

Meet the Author

JO WALTON won the Hugo and Nebula Awards in 2012 for her novel Among Others. Before that, she won the John W. Campbell Award for Best New Writer, and her novel Tooth and Claw won the World Fantasy Award in 2004. The novels of her Small Change sequence—Farthing, Ha'penny, and Half a Crown—have won acclaim ranging from national newspapers to the Romantic Times Critics' Choice Award. A native of Wales, she lives in Montreal.

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Ha'penny 4.4 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 7 reviews.
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I love alternative fiction and Jo Walton has created a believable, chilling post-WWII era in this series.
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PhoenixFalls More than 1 year ago
I loved Farthing, the first book in this series, despite avoiding alternate history and especially anything involving Nazis and WWII like the plague. In this sequel, Jo Walton uses the classic thriller novel as her starting point in continuing to explore her fascist England, and if it isn't quite as successful as Farthing was, it is still compulsively readable and raises questions that will linger long after the book is finished. It can be read as a stand-alone, but reading it first would spoil the events of Farthing, and that would be a terrible shame. (Needless to say, this review will also spoil the events of Farthing, so read no further if you haven't read the first book yet!) This book has the same structure as its predecessor, alternating chapters between a tight third-person focused on Inspector Carmichael of Scotland Yard and a new female first-person narrator, also a woman born to the upper classes who has rejected (and been rejected by) her traditional aristocratic family. In this novel, the female narrator is Viola Larkin, who has been estranged from her family since she chose to take up acting as a profession. Carmichael is still reeling from his decision to compromise his ideals of justice to save his comfortable life with his man, Jack, and Viola has just agreed to take on the role of Hamlet in a production that will be attended by Mark Normanby (the new Prime Minister) and Adolf Hitler, who is coming to visit England. Within the first couple chapters, Carmichael is investigating the accidental bombing death of an actress who was also going to be in the production of Hamlet, and Viola has been forced to become a part of the new assassination plot by one of her sisters, a card-carrying Communist. This structure works less well in Ha'penny, however, because the two protagonists are far less sympathetic here than the two protagonists were in Farthing, creating emotional distance and lessening the impact of events later in the book. Carmichael has now fallen from grace; he does not deserve the same sympathy he received when he appeared to be the righteous detective on the trail of monsters. And while Lucy Kahn was a little person caught in a trap who had the wit to find a way to escape for herself and the man she loved, Viola has much more power in determining her own destiny and chooses to give that power away by swooning over her terrorist captor. A review I read advanced the notion that she was suffering from Stockholm Syndrome, but to the best of my knowledge a person does not develop Stockholm Syndrome after a momentary fright -- and besides, Viola was strongly attracted to Connelly before he ever became her captor. The novel also failed a little for me because I simply have no sympathy for terrorists. I reject utterly the notion that the ends can justify the means, so I had no problem rooting for Carmichael to discover the conspiracy and put a stop to it. That sucked some of the tension out of the middle of the novel, where in Farthing the middle section ratcheted up the tension by pitting Lucy against Carmichael when both were clearly on the same side. Still, despite those weaknesses, Walton pulled off an ending that had the power to devastate, and the fact that it raises so many questions about power makes this a novel that people should absolutely read and discuss.
harstan More than 1 year ago
In 1941 the Farthing Group negotiated a peace deal with Hitler that gave the Nazis the continent and made Great Britain his ally. Now eight years later, the once proud English democracy is gone replaced by a repressive regime that persecutes minorities and dissidents through violent police state tactics. However an angry underground insurgency has caused problems for the government culminating with a bomb exploding on the streets of London. Scotland Yard Inspector Carmichael, whose investigation into the murder of the Farthing group leader Sir James Thirkie has alienated him with the brass and the politicians, is assigned the lead because he is expendable. Pressure mounts once again for him to fix blame on some scapegoat person preferably a homosexual or a group like the Jews rather than find the truth. However as he did in the FARTHING affaire, he keeps digging. What he finds makes no sense as a vast conspiracy consisting of members of the NRA, the House of Lords, the Communist Party, and a number of other activist groups plot to assassinate the Prime Minister and Hitler with hopes of causing a revolution. --- Whereas FARTHING is a terrific alternate historical police procedural, HA¿PENNY is more of a fabulous alternate historical suspense thriller. Walton¿s world is based on the premises that the British hierarchy ¿exiled¿ Churchill and avoided war with Hitler by appeasing the Nazis. Once again the conspiracy is over the top, but the investigation is clever as loner Carmichael struggles with the directions the clues take him even as his supervisors question his loyalty. These two tales are must reading for the Harry Turtledove fans who will appreciate another well written 1940s spin. --- Harriet Klausner