Hard Times (Barnes & Noble Classics Series)

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Hard Times, by Charles Dickens, is part of the Barnes & Noble Classics series, which offers quality editions at affordable prices to the student and the general reader, including new scholarship, thoughtful design, and pages of carefully crafted extras. Here are some of the remarkable features of Barnes & Noble Classics:

All editions are beautifully designed and are printed to superior specifications; some include illustrations of historical interest. Barnes & Noble Classics pulls together a ...
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Hard Times (Collins Classics)

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Overview

Hard Times, by Charles Dickens, is part of the Barnes & Noble Classics series, which offers quality editions at affordable prices to the student and the general reader, including new scholarship, thoughtful design, and pages of carefully crafted extras. Here are some of the remarkable features of Barnes & Noble Classics:

All editions are beautifully designed and are printed to superior specifications; some include illustrations of historical interest. Barnes & Noble Classics pulls together a constellation of influences—biographical, historical, and literary—to enrich each reader's understanding of these enduring works.

 

Set amid smokestacks and factories, Charles Dickens’s Hard Times is a blistering portrait of Victorian England as it struggles with the massive economic turmoil brought on by the Industrial Revolution.

Championing the mind-numbing materialism of the period is Thomas Gradgrind, one of Dickens’s most vivid characters. He opens the novel by arguing that boys and girls should be taught "nothing but Facts. Facts alone are wanted in life.” Forbidding the development of imagination, Gradgrind is ultimately forced to confront the results of his philosophy—his own daughter’s terrible unhappiness.

Full of suspense, humor, and tenderness, Hard Times is a brilliant defense of art in an age of mechanism.

Karen Odden received her Ph.D. from New York University, where she did her dissertation on Victorian literature. Most recently a lecturer at University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, she is now a freelance writer and lives in Arizona.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781593081072
  • Publisher: Barnes & Noble
  • Publication date: 2/1/2004
  • Series: Barnes & Noble Classics Series
  • Format: Mass Market Paperback
  • Pages: 368

Meet the Author

Charles Dickens
Karen Odden received her Ph.D. from New York University, where she did her dissertation on Victorian literature. Most recently a lecturer at University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, she is now a freelance writer and lives in Arizona.

Biography

Born on February 7, 1812, Charles Dickens was the second of eight children in a family burdened with financial troubles. Despite difficult early years, he became the most successful British writer of the Victorian age.

In 1824, young Charles was withdrawn from school and forced to work at a boot-blacking factory when his improvident father, accompanied by his mother and siblings, was sentenced to three months in a debtor's prison. Once they were released, Charles attended a private school for three years. The young man then became a solicitor's clerk, mastered shorthand, and before long was employed as a Parliamentary reporter. When he was in his early twenties, Dickens began to publish stories and sketches of London life in a variety of periodicals.

It was the publication of Pickwick Papers (1836-1837) that catapulted the twenty-five-year-old author to national renown. Dickens wrote with unequaled speed and often worked on several novels at a time, publishing them first in monthly installments and then as books. His early novels Oliver Twist (1837-1838), Nicholas Nickleby (1838-1839), The Old Curiosity Shop (1840-1841), and A Christmas Carol (1843) solidified his enormous, ongoing popularity. As Dickens matured, his social criticism became increasingly biting, his humor dark, and his view of poverty darker still. David Copperfield (1849-1850), Bleak House (1852-1853), Hard Times (1854), A Tale of Two Cities (1859), Great Expectations (1860-1861), and Our Mutual Friend (1864-1865) are the great works of his masterful and prolific period.

In 1858 Dickens's twenty-three-year marriage to Catherine Hogarth dissolved when he fell in love with Ellen Ternan, a young actress. The last years of his life were filled with intense activity: writing, managing amateur theatricals, and undertaking several reading tours that reinforced the public's favorable view of his work but took an enormous toll on his health. Working feverishly to the last, Dickens collapsed and died on June 8, 1870, leaving The Mystery of Edwin Drood uncompleted.

Author biography from the Barnes & Noble Classics edition of David Copperfield.

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    1. Also Known As:
      Charles John Huffam Dickens (full name) "Boz" (pen name)
    1. Date of Birth:
      February 7, 1812
    2. Place of Birth:
      Portsmouth, England
    1. Date of Death:
      June 18, 1870
    2. Place of Death:
      Gad's Hill, Kent, England

Read an Excerpt

From Karen Odden's Introduction to Hard Times

Hard Times departs from the patterns in these novels in two important respects. First, whereas Gaskell and Disraeli focus on the rifts between poor and wealthy and worker and master, in Hard Times these rifts are mirrored by a series of other rifts-between Fancy and Fact, parents and children, husbands and wives, men and women, healthy and disabled, religion and science, literate and nonliterate. Partly because of these multiple binary oppositions, Hard Times, I believe, is less about offering a solution to a particular conflict and more about dramatizing the need for a new mode of thinking altogether.

A second important difference between Hard Times and other industrial novels is that the romance plot is notably absent from Dickens's novel. Hard Times draws on a range of genres-melodrama, pantomime, eighteenth-century novels of instruction, the industrial novel, Renaissance poetry, and the bildungsroman; but it forestalls every possible romance. The two heroines Sissy and Rachael never marry within the main action of the novel; Tom and James never marry; Stephen marries a woman who is mad or an alcoholic or both; the Gradgrind marriage is based on fear and contempt; Louisa's marriage to Bounderby is loveless and expedient. In a different novel, Louisa's love might transform Bounderby, or Tom might marry Sissy and be reformed. (Significantly, the 1854 stage adaptation of Hard Times butchered the ending: Rachael marries Stephen, and Louisa and Bounderby are reconciled.) This very absence of a successful, heartwarming romance suggests that Dickens is trying to get beyond the symbolically satisfying but ultimately false way in which literature settles differences.

Instead of a romance, Dickens offers a highly moralized theory that is articulated by three men, who, among them, represent at least two classes and four professions. Sleary is a master of ceremonies for a circus; Gradgrind is a utilitarian educator and Member of Parliament; the factory worker Stephen Blackpool is a Christ figure, who rises up from Old Hell Shaft after several days. These men all explain that rifts are bridged through the values of compassion, humor, sympathetic understanding, tenderness, and a desire to compromise and forge alliances rather than engage in power struggles that only ratchet up the sense of difference. These three offer versions of themes that Dickens had set forth previously in other works. During his brief stint as editor of the Daily News in 1845, he wrote in his Address to the Public that "it will be no part of our function to widen any breach that may unhappily subsist, or may arise, between Employer and Employed; but it will rather be our effort to show their true relations, their mutual dependence, and their mutual power of adding to the sum of general happiness and prosperity" (quoted in Ackroyd, p. 487). Nine years later, in an essay on the Preston strike for the February 11, 1854, issue of Household Words, his concerns and terms are remarkably similar: "Into the relations between employers and employed, as into all the relations of this life, there must enter something of feeling and sentiment; something of mutual explanation, forbearance, and consideration. . . . Otherwise those relations are wrong and rotten to the core and will never bear sound fruit" ("On Strike," p. 286).

Sleary, who is the representative of Fancy but who works very hard in the circus, insists on a balance among learning, working, and amusement. He delivers his advice to Gradgrind near the very end of the novel: "People mutht be amuthed. They can't be alwayth a learning, nor yet they can't be alwayth a working, they an't made for it. You mutht have uth, Thquire. Do the withe thing and the kind thing too, and make the betht of uth; not the wurtht!" This is a point that Dickens made in an early pamphlet, Sunday Under Three Heads, which defended the rights of the lower and middle classes to pleasurable activities on their day off. (He also made this point in the Address to the Reader for Household Words in 1852.) With Sleary's mention of "betht" (best) and "wurtht" (worst), we see the language of binary oppositions that has governed this novel and that anticipates the opening of A Tale of Two Cities.

The second moralizer is Gradgrind, who has had his eyes opened by Louisa's plight, and who pleads with Bounderby in terms of two men "meet[ing]" and of "better" rather than "best": "I would suggest to you, that—that if you would kindly meet me in a timely endeavour to leave her to her better nature for a while—and to encourage it to develop itself by tenderness and consideration—it—it would be the better for the happiness of all of us" (my emphases). The third spokesman is Stephen Blackpool, who at first contends, rather defensively, that he "canna think the fawt is aw wi' us." Later, Rachael speaks up for Stephen and expresses how impossible it is to be a man who refuses to participate in the binary structure.

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Customer Reviews

Average Rating 3.5
( 77 )
Rating Distribution

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(31)

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(17)

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(12)

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(11)

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See All Sort by: Showing 1 – 20 of 53 Customer Reviews
  • Anonymous

    Posted March 7, 2014

    thick with subplots

    This is typical Dickens where many subplots are interwoven into an overall main plot. Many subtle moral implications are made about the characters and subject matter.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted February 23, 2014

    A bad copy

    Bad copy

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  • Anonymous

    Posted February 18, 2014

    Sigh nevermind. v.v

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted February 5, 2014

    Also

    Im<p>
    Also<p>
    Grub<p>
    Ish<p>

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted February 11, 2014

    Raw

    x R R<BR>R RR RR<br>r Rr Rr

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted October 19, 2013

    Hard times for these times

    This is really a good book, even from the description I knew it would be great and so it is. This is the most best books I've ever read :)

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  • Anonymous

    Posted January 24, 2013

    Luna

    Luna looked at Winter. Are you alright she asked softly. Concern laced her words. I made a promise to Blaze Winter you arnt dying yet. Wheres Kyro.....you two are like joind at the hip?

    0 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted January 24, 2013

    Luna

    LOATHE STOP!

    0 out of 3 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted January 7, 2013

    Silverbullet

    Hey Optimus! It's me. What up?
    ~{•Silverbullet•}

    0 out of 3 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted January 6, 2013

    Wolverine

    He nodded. Shes been out if it ever since blaze died.

    0 out of 3 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted January 23, 2013

    Hooded figure

    Laughs grinng. Without yer liitle monkey boy yer ours to kill as we please.

    0 out of 4 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted January 6, 2013

    Wolerine

    Kk

    0 out of 4 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted December 20, 2012

    Bloodshot

    She loooks down at her baby girl. Weres daddy ?

    0 out of 4 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted December 17, 2012

    Bloodshot

    Coookie!!!!

    0 out of 3 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted December 17, 2012

    Hammerhand

    *shoves sunstreaker off a cliff* the weak and stupid are weeded out of society.

    0 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted December 17, 2012

    Copycat

    Everyone say goodnight. BYE

    0 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted December 17, 2012

    Arcee

    No nite. Stay up ALLLLL NITE!

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted January 24, 2013

    Winter

    Ill be fine she muttered. Thank you both for helping me.. Kyro has thing to deal with. She looked away she winced when she tryed to move her wings. Great no flying for me she mumblesd sadly.

    0 out of 3 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted December 17, 2012

    Copycat

    We have midterms. :P

    0 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 4, 2013

    0 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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