Hard Times (Illustrated) [NOOK Book]

Overview



The Utilitarians were one of the targets of this novel. Utilitarianism was a prevalent school of thought during this period, its founders being Jeremy Bentham and James Mill, father to political theorist John Stuart Mill. Theoretical Utilitarian ethics hold that promotion of general social welfare is the ultimate goal for the individual and society in general: "the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest number of people." Dickens believed that in practical terms, the ...

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Hard Times (Illustrated)

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Overview



The Utilitarians were one of the targets of this novel. Utilitarianism was a prevalent school of thought during this period, its founders being Jeremy Bentham and James Mill, father to political theorist John Stuart Mill. Theoretical Utilitarian ethics hold that promotion of general social welfare is the ultimate goal for the individual and society in general: "the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest number of people." Dickens believed that in practical terms, the pursuit of a totally rationalised society could lead to great misery.
Bentham's former secretary, Edwin Chadwick, helped design the Poor Law of 1834, which deliberately made workhouse life as uncomfortable as possible. In the novel, this is conveyed in Bitzer's response to Gradgrind's appeal for compassion.
Dickens was appalled by what was, in his interpretation, a selfish philosophy, which was combined with materialist laissez-faire capitalism in the education of some children at the time, as well as in industrial practices. In Dickens's interpretation, the prevalence of utilitarian values in educational institutions promoted contempt between mill owners and workers, creating young adults whose imaginations had been neglected, due to an over-emphasis on facts at the expense of more imaginative pursuits.


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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9783730988770
  • Publisher: BookRix GmbH & Co. KG
  • Publication date: 3/3/2014
  • Sold by: Readbox
  • Format: eBook
  • Pages: 413
  • File size: 2 MB

Meet the Author

Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens is probably the greatest novelist England ever produced. His innate comic genius and shrewd depictions of Victorian life -- along with his memorable characters -- have made him beloved by readers the world over. In Dickens' books live some of the most repugnant villains in literature, as well as some of the most likeable (and unlikely) heroes.

Biography

Born on February 7, 1812, Charles Dickens was the second of eight children in a family burdened with financial troubles. Despite difficult early years, he became the most successful British writer of the Victorian age.

In 1824, young Charles was withdrawn from school and forced to work at a boot-blacking factory when his improvident father, accompanied by his mother and siblings, was sentenced to three months in a debtor's prison. Once they were released, Charles attended a private school for three years. The young man then became a solicitor's clerk, mastered shorthand, and before long was employed as a Parliamentary reporter. When he was in his early twenties, Dickens began to publish stories and sketches of London life in a variety of periodicals.

It was the publication of Pickwick Papers (1836-1837) that catapulted the twenty-five-year-old author to national renown. Dickens wrote with unequaled speed and often worked on several novels at a time, publishing them first in monthly installments and then as books. His early novels Oliver Twist (1837-1838), Nicholas Nickleby (1838-1839), The Old Curiosity Shop (1840-1841), and A Christmas Carol (1843) solidified his enormous, ongoing popularity. As Dickens matured, his social criticism became increasingly biting, his humor dark, and his view of poverty darker still. David Copperfield (1849-1850), Bleak House (1852-1853), Hard Times (1854), A Tale of Two Cities (1859), Great Expectations (1860-1861), and Our Mutual Friend (1864-1865) are the great works of his masterful and prolific period.

In 1858 Dickens's twenty-three-year marriage to Catherine Hogarth dissolved when he fell in love with Ellen Ternan, a young actress. The last years of his life were filled with intense activity: writing, managing amateur theatricals, and undertaking several reading tours that reinforced the public's favorable view of his work but took an enormous toll on his health. Working feverishly to the last, Dickens collapsed and died on June 8, 1870, leaving The Mystery of Edwin Drood uncompleted.

Author biography from the Barnes & Noble Classics edition of David Copperfield.

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    1. Also Known As:
      Charles John Huffam Dickens (full name) "Boz" (pen name)
    1. Date of Birth:
      February 7, 1812
    2. Place of Birth:
      Portsmouth, England
    1. Date of Death:
      June 18, 1870
    2. Place of Death:
      Gad's Hill, Kent, England

Customer Reviews

Average Rating 4
( 77 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(30)

4 Star

(20)

3 Star

(13)

2 Star

(9)

1 Star

(5)

Your Rating:

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See All Sort by: Showing 1 – 20 of 77 Customer Reviews
  • Posted January 27, 2009

    more from this reviewer

    I Also Recommend:

    Great

    Hard Times is probably Dickens' most underrated novel. It is a good protest against conditions and attitudes during the Victorian period however its main focus is not on the working class, although it seems to be with the first chapters. It is a book everyone interested in Victorian literature - and British literature in general - should read. It has an unbelievable writing style.

    3 out of 5 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted March 27, 2010

    Great Dickens

    I love all of Dickens's novels, and while this falls a bit short when compared to Great Expectations or David Copperfield, it is well worth reading. Character development leaves a bit to be desired in that, in order to explore his ideas about human development and politics, some of his characters are a bit caricaturish. Nonetheless, this is a great book.

    2 out of 3 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted May 20, 2008

    Brilliant

    Absolutely Wonderful! This book is so fascinating and remarkable! I thought it extremely educational and interesting at the same time. I would read it again and I am not one to read books more than once! Bravo Dickens!

    2 out of 3 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted June 1, 2002

    Thank you for spoiling everything!

    Thank you to the nimrod who, in a very self-aggrandizing sort of way, just gave away the entire PLOT to Hard Times. First of all, I've already read the book so your forsoothly monologue didn't tell me anything I didn't already know (and I have written a few papers on the book) and second of all, who's actually going to want to go out and buy the book now? THINK next time before you post! Okay? If people want the Cliffs Notes version, they can purchase it at Barnes & Noble!

    2 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Posted December 8, 2012

    more from this reviewer

    This truly one of dickens most overlooked works. It is classic i

    This truly one of dickens most overlooked works. It is classic in its depiction of the effects, good and bad, of industrialization on the people of Victorian England. From a teacher's perspective, this book could be used in just about any course as a across curriculum reading. A good read; classic Dickens!

    1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted January 8, 2011

    Dull

    I felt it would be unfair to give this book only one star, since it is a classic. But, considering how painful it was to get through with the endless narration, incomprehensible accents of certain people, and run-on sentences, I've decided to shy away from the opinions of literary scholars and voice my own opinion. And the fact that it was terribly boring leaves me with no guilt in giving Hard Times a poor rating.

    1 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted March 14, 2009

    more from this reviewer

    Great book

    This is a great book. I am a big fan of Charles Dickens, and I would recommend any of his books.

    1 out of 3 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Posted January 1, 2015

    Character development is weaker than in some other Dickens' nove

    Character development is weaker than in some other Dickens' novels, apparently in the interest of expressing points and ideas. The story itself earns 3+ stars.

    I found the inclusion of different British accents to be interesting and worthwhile. I do not like to read reviews or analysis as part of an introduction. Some of the footnote explanations were more fitting to a more novice audience. The story itself is worthy of 3+ stars but the give away introduction and elementary footnotes takes away from the read. Thank you.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted October 16, 2014

    A Giraffe

    Rams into Alex and pushes him off the cliff with me.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted October 16, 2014

    Alex to Mason

    Reaches up and wraps a chain around your arm. "It's a lose/lose situation, my friend. If I'm goin' down, you're comin' with."

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted October 16, 2014

    Jordan

    I don't care, Pat. First off, that's on the verge of godmodding. Second of all, I've stared the devil in the eye. I think I can survive a case of light poisoning.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted October 16, 2014

    PJ

    "Another day greeks....another day." Kicks the bin over the side of the Mountain and washes away in gold and lets Mason go.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted October 16, 2014

    Kenny - Benny

    C'mon. Back to camp.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted October 16, 2014

    Mason

    Jumps off morphs to a worm and morphs to an egale and flys back up.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted March 18, 2014

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted January 25, 2013

    Boring.

    Nothing much happened, just a lot of talking.

    0 out of 3 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted January 7, 2013

    Silverbullet

    Hey Optimus! It's me. What up?
    ~{•Silverbullet•}

    0 out of 3 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted January 6, 2013

    Wolvine

    I was aware about the grey ting, but dont kniw what he said will you tell me?

    0 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted January 24, 2013

    Loathe

    Hisses slowly getting up. He glared hatefully. Take them and go. Dissipears.

    0 out of 3 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted January 6, 2013

    Wolerine

    Kk

    0 out of 4 people found this review helpful.

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See All Sort by: Showing 1 – 20 of 77 Customer Reviews

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