Harnessing Complexity

Harnessing Complexity

4.1 6
by Robert Axelrod, Michael D. Cohen
     
 


A state-of-the-art guide to the new field of complexity-the tool leaders use to understand how people and organizations adapt in a world of rapid change.See more details below

Overview


A state-of-the-art guide to the new field of complexity-the tool leaders use to understand how people and organizations adapt in a world of rapid change.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780465005505
Publisher:
Basic Books
Publication date:
01/28/2001
Edition description:
Reprint
Pages:
208
Sales rank:
461,966
Product dimensions:
5.36(w) x 8.00(h) x 0.54(d)

Table of Contents

Preface

I. Introduction
Introduction to the Framework
The Difficulty of Prediction
Complexity Research
The Design of Organizations and Strategies
The Information Revolution
Complexity and Information
Adaptation and Information
Complexity as a Way of Thinking

II. Variation
The Role of Variation
Altering the Frequency of Types
Copying With Error
Endogenous Copying Mechanisms
Recombining Mechanisms
Exploration Versus Exploitation
Example: Military Personnel Systems
Whether to Encourage Variety
Example: Linux Software Development
Extinction -- The Vanishing of Types

III. Interaction
The Importance of Interaction
Example: Social Capital
How Interaction Works
Proximity and Activation
Spaces: Physical and Conceptual
Example: Combating the AIDS Virus, Part 1
External Methods of Changing Interaction Patterns
Barriers to Movement in Time and Physical Space
Barriers to Movement in Conceptual Spaces
Semi-permeable Barriers
Example: Combating the AIDS Virus, Part 2
Activation in Sequence or in Parallel
Internal Methods of Changing Interaction Patterns
Following Another Agent
Following a Signal
Example: Tags in the Prisoner's Dilemma
Forming Boundaries
Separating Time Scales
Redistributing Stress
Example: Modes of Failure in Information Systems
Organizing Routines
Restructuring of Physical and Conceptual Spaces

IV. Selection
Defining Criteria of Success
Example: Prize Competitions
Determining the Level of Selection
Selection of Agents
Selection of Strategies
Attributing Credit for Success and Failure
Example: MilitarySimulation
Creating New Agents or Strategies
The Key Role of Copying
Detailed Differences Among Generic Copying Processes
Exercising Visible Leadership

V. Conclusion
The Central Elements of the Framework
How the Elements Form a Coherent Framework
What a User of the Framework Asks
What a User of the Framework Can Do
What May Come of This Approach
References
Index

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