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Explores the life and political accomplishments of Harry S. Truman, including the Truman Doctrine and his decision to drop the atomic bomb.
All the necessary information is included here: Truman's childhood, education, family, career choices, political achievements, and, notably, his presidency. Although it lasted less than two full terms, it included the decision to drop the bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the end of the war on both fronts, the Marshall Plan, the Truman Doctrine, the Tart-Hartley Act, the beginning of the Cold War, the McCarthy hearings, and the start of the Korean War. Schuman (Elie Wiesel, 1994, etc.) breaks no ground but covers the material reliably and readably. With few biographies of Truman available, this is an accessible, on-target entry.
|1||The Surprise of the Century||5|
|2||Mule Trader's Son||10|
|3||Farmer, Businessman, Soldier, Politician||21|
|4||A Cog in the Machine||33|
|5||The Moon, the Stars, and All the Planets||43|
|6||The President Who Could||53|
|7||A Warm Welcome and a Cold War||69|
|8||No Conversation So Sweet||83|
|Did You Know?||103|
|Further Reading and Internet Addresses||109|
|Places to Visit||110|
Posted October 5, 2000
On the death (Apr. 12, 1945) of Roosevelt, Truman succeeded to the presidency. He assumed power at a very critical time. He was immediately confronted with the problems of concluding the war and preparing for the difficulties of international postwar readjustment. The war in Europe ended with Germany's unconditional surrender on May 8, 1945, and in July Truman attended the Potsdam Conference to discuss the postwar European settlement. To end the conflict with Japan, he authorized the dropping of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. That action did bring the war to an immediate end, but the morality of it continues to be debated. First Term At home, inflation and demobilization were the chief worries of reconversion to a peacetime economy. Although Truman began quietly to eliminate the old New Dealers from the administration, his domestic policies were essentially a continuation of those of the New Deal. His program (later labeled the Fair Deal) called for guaranteed full employment, a permanent Fair Employment Practices Committee to end racial discrimination, an increased minimum wage and extended social security benefits, price and rent controls, public housing projects, and public health insurance. However, Congress, which was controlled by the Republicans after the 1946 elections, blocked most of these projects, while passing other legislation¿notably the Taft-Hartley Labor Act (1947)¿over Truman's veto.Was this review helpful? Yes NoThank you for your feedback. Report this reviewThank you, this review has been flagged.