Has Liberalism Failed Women? / Edition 1

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This book comes out of a conference in April of 1999 at the Center for European Studies at Harvard University on the topic of "Gender Parity and the Liberal Tradition: Proposals and Debates in Europe and the United States.” The essays are divided into three sections, each of which approaches from a different angle the central question of whether liberalism has failed women. The first section aims to frame the discussion by outlining the theoretical arguments for the amendments or revisions implied by the proponents of the Parity Movement in Europe and for the concerns raised by critics. The second describes recent changes in party rules, European legal framework, and national constitutions, as well as the gains made by women in response to rule change. The third section provides American perspectives on the lessons that parity advocates might draw from affirmative action policies and speculations about how parity rules would work in the American context.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

-American Political Science Review

In Europe, quotas for female political representation have not evoked the outcry that the idea of affirmative action elicits in the US, although, on average, women still hold only 13 percent of the seats in the lower houses in European countries. Contributors to this work discuss the theory and experience of parity, or mandating quotas for the presence of women candidates for national office, either by compelling electoral procedures that will return a fixed number to office or by requiring parties to nominate a minimal percentage. The contributors are European and US political scholars, policy makers, and a judge. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780312232498
  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
  • Publication date: 7/1/2001
  • Edition description: REV
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 256
  • Product dimensions: 5.70 (w) x 8.60 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Jytte Klausen is Associate Professor of Comparative Politics at Brandeis University and author of War and Welfare: Europe and the United States, 1945 to the Present.

Charles S. Maier is The Krupp Foundation Professor of European Studies at Harvard University and author of Disillusion: The Crisis of Communism and the End of East Germany.

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Table of Contents

Theory: Parity--The Woman Question Reconsidered
• “For Universal Man and Woman”--Francoise Gaspard
• “Against Constitutionalism, for Soft Solutions”--Jane Mansbridge
• “Quotas Against the Liberal Tradition"--Claus Offe
• Agnes Hubert on the E.U.
• Jane Jenson on Canada and France
• Christiane Lemke on Germany
• Pippa Norris on the UK and the US
• Hege Skjeie on Scandinavia
• 'Against Essentialism'--Jytte Klausen
• 'Third Way’ and the Revival of Politics”--Anna Coote
• "From Gender Neutrality to Proactive Mandates"--Jutta Limbach
• "Parity Norms and Women's Interests in Congress"--Carol Swain
• "Narratives of Legal Recognition, Difference, and Arguments for Universalism: A Historical Perspective"--Roger Smith

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