Hawaiian Grammar

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780824824891
  • Publisher: University of Hawaii Press, The
  • Publication date: 6/28/2001
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 193
  • Sales rank: 964,351
  • Product dimensions: 6.46 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 0.53 (d)

Table of Contents

Tables xi
Preface xiii
Abbreviations and Explanations xvii
1 Previous Studies of Hawaiian Grammar 1
1.1 Chamisso 1
1.2 Humboldt and Buschmann 3
1.3 Hale 4
1.4 Andrews and Alexander 4
1.5 Primitives and Evolution 6
1.6 The Last Hundred Years 8
2 The Sound System 10
2.1 Consonants (p, k, ', h, l, m, n, w) 10
2.2 Vowels (i, i, e, e, a, a, u, u, o, o) 14
2.3 Word Stress 16
2.4 Junctures 18
2.5 Stress in Phrases and Sentences 18
2.6 Pitch Levels 21
2.7 Natural Fast Speech 22
2.8 Dialect Variations 23
2.8.1 Ni'ihau Dialect 23
2.8.2 n for l and Glottal Stop for l and k 25
2.9 Loan Words 27
2.9.1 English as a Source 27
2.9.2 The Word for Horse 30
2.9.3 Biblical Terms 31
2.9.4 Other Sources 33
2.10 Relative Frequencies of Sounds 34
2.11 Drift 35
2.12 Notes on Orthography 36
3 From Sentence to Affix 39
3.1 Sentences 39
3.2 Phrases 41
3.3 Words 43
3.4 Particles 44
3.5 Affixes 44
4 Classification of Verbs; Verblike Idioms 46
4.1 Basis of the Classification 46
4.2 Intransitive Verbs (vi) 48
4.3 Transitive Verbs (vt) 48
4.4 Stative Verbs (vs) 49
4.5 Multiple-class Verbs 51
4.6 Verblike Idioms 54
5 Verb Markers 57
5.1 Classification of Verb Markers 57
5.2 Aspect Markers 57
5.3 Tense Marker 60
5.4 Mood Markers 61
6 Verb Affixes and Thematic Consonants 64
6.1 Prefixes and Reduplications 64
6.2 Reduplications 64
6.2.1 Types of Reduplication 65
6.2.2 Meanings of Reduplications 66
6.3 Prefixes to Verbs: Middle Layer 68
6.3.1 Prefixes with Causative/Simulative Meanings 68
6.3.2 Prefixes with Qualitative/Stative Meanings 71
6.3.3 Other Prefixes 74
6.4 The Causative/Simulative ho'o- and Its Alternants 76
6.5 Rare Suffixes 78
6.6 Thematic Consonants and the Suffixes and Particles They Introduce 79
6.6.1 Inventory 79
6.6.2 Nominalizers 79
6.6.3 Passive/Imperatives 83
6.6.4 Transitivizers 86
6.6.5 Possible Analyses 88
7 Postposed Phrasal Elements 90
7.1 Some Postposed Particles 90
7.2 Directionals 91
7.3 ai 96
7.4 o-Demonstratives ala, la/-la, ana 99
7.5 Particles Following the o-Demonstratives 100
8 Nouns and Substitutes, Locative Nouns, Compounds, Qualifiers 105
8.1 Nouns 105
8.2 Pronouns 107
8.3 Demonstratives 110
8.3.1 ke-Demonstratives 110
8.3.2 o-Demonstratives nei and na 111
8.3.3 ia 112
8.3.4 ua 113
8.3.5 neia 114
8.3.6 pe-Demonstratives 114
8.4 Possessives 115
8.4.1 k-Possessives 116
8.4.2 o- and n-Possessives 118
8.5 Interrogatives 119
8.6 Locative Nouns 120
8.7 Compounds and Qualifiers 123
8.7.1 Noun Compounds 123
8.7.2 Verb and Noun-Verb Compounds 124
8.7.3 Compound Proper Names 126
8.7.4 Other Compounds 126
8.7.5 Noun + Qualifier Sequences 127
9 Prepositions 131
9.1 Inventory of Prepositions 131
9.2 Subject Marker: 'o/o 131
9.3 Multifunctional i/ia and io 133
9.3.1 i/ia 133
9.3.2 i/ia/io: Definite Locative 134
9.4 Locative/Instrumental/Manner: ma 135
9.5 a: Place to (Emphatic) 136
9.6 Possessives 136
9.6.1 a- and o-Possessives 136
9.6.2 Verbs with a and o 140
9.6.3 o-Possessives 142
9.6.4 Fronted Possessives 143
9.7 Comitative/Instrumental/Similitude: me 145
9.8 Ablative: mai 145
9.9 Agentive: e 146
9.10 Vocative: e/o 146
9.11 na and no 147
9.12 Simulative: pe 150
9.13 Appositional Prepositions 150
9.14 Prepositional Phrases in Verbless Sentences 152
10 Determiners, Numerals, and Plurals 153
10.1 k-Words 153
10.2 Articles 154
10.3 Numerals 158
10.4 Other Plural Markers 162
11 Conjunctions and Complex Sentences 164
11.1 Conjunctions 164
11.2 Combining Phrases: Order 168
11.3 Combining Sentences 169
11.4 A Complex Sentence Analyzed 171
11.5 The Role of Fronting: A Summary 172
12 Interjections 174
Glossary 179
References 185
Index 191
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