Hazardous Materials Incidents / Edition 2

Hazardous Materials Incidents / Edition 2

by Christopher David Hawley
     
 

ISBN-10: 1401857582

ISBN-13: 9781401857585

Pub. Date: 12/31/2003

Publisher: Cengage Learning

Designed for all first responders who encounter hazardous materials emergencies, this reader-friendly training guide not only covers all of the competencies in the 2002 Edition of the NFPA 472 Standard at the awareness and operations levels, but also offers beneficial information on air monitoring, terrorism, and special operations issues! Marked by its risk-based

Overview

Designed for all first responders who encounter hazardous materials emergencies, this reader-friendly training guide not only covers all of the competencies in the 2002 Edition of the NFPA 472 Standard at the awareness and operations levels, but also offers beneficial information on air monitoring, terrorism, and special operations issues! Marked by its risk-based response philosophy, Hazardous Materials Incidents, 2E focuses on the safest and most efficient methods for handling hazardous materials incidents. Readers are provided real-life experiences through case studies that integrate theoretical strategies with authentic HazMat situations, reinforcing the lessons covered. All-inclusive coverage features a special chapter on the interactions between law enforcement, firefighters, and EMS personnel to most effectively respond to hazardous materials events.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781401857585
Publisher:
Cengage Learning
Publication date:
12/31/2003
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
288
Product dimensions:
8.30(w) x 10.80(h) x 0.40(d)

Table of Contents

Forewordx
Prefacexi
Acknowledgmentsxii
Reviewersxiii
About the Authorxiv
Introduction to Hazardous Materialsxv
NFPA 472 Correlation Guidexvi
Chapter 1Hazardous Materials: Laws, Regulations, and Standards1
Objectives3
Introduction3
Laws, Regulations, and Standards4
Development Process4
Emergency Planning4
State and Local Emergency Response Committees4
Local Emergency Response Plans5
Chemical Inventory Reporting5
OSHA HAZWOPER Regulation7
Paragraph q9
Medical Monitoring10
Standards11
NFPA 47111
NFPA 47211
NFPA 47311
Standard of Care11
Additional Laws, Regulations, and Standards12
Hazard Communication12
Superfund Act12
Clean Air Act13
Respiratory Protection13
Firefighter Safety13
NFPA Chemical Protective Clothing13
Summary13
Key Terms13
Review Questions14
Suggested Readings14
Chapter 2Recognition and Identification15
Objectives17
Introduction17
Location and Occupancy17
Placards, Labels, and Markings18
Placards18
Problems with the Placarding System28
Labeling and Marking Specifics29
Other Identification Systems29
NFPA 704 System29
Hazardous Materials Information System31
Military Warning System31
Pipeline Markings32
Container Markings33
Pesticide Container Markings34
Containers34
General Containers34
Totes and Bulk Tanks37
Pipelines38
Highway Transportation Containers39
Response to Potential BLEVE Situations45
Specialized Tank Trucks48
Intermodal Tanks51
Rail Transportation55
Bulk Storage Tanks58
Senses63
Chemical and Physical Properties63
States of Matter63
Vapor Pressure65
Vapor Density66
Specific Gravity68
Corrosivity69
Chemical Reactivity70
Flash Point70
Auto-Ignition Temperature70
Flammable Range70
Toxic Products of Combustion71
Summary72
Key Terms72
Review Questions73
Endnotes74
Suggested Readings74
Chapter 3Information Resources75
Objectives77
Introduction77
Emergency Response Guidebook77
Material Safety Data Sheets90
Shipping Papers92
Mode of Transportation95
Facility Documents98
Computer Resources98
Chemtrec99
Reference and Information Texts99
Industrial Technical Assistance100
Summary101
Key Terms101
Review Questions101
Suggested Readings101
Chapter 4Protection103
Objectives105
Introduction105
Health Hazards106
Toxicology106
Types of Exposures106
Types of Hazards106
Categories of Health Hazards107
Routes of Exposure108
Exposure Levels110
Types of PPE113
Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus114
Chemical Protective Clothing115
Level A Ensemble116
Level B Ensemble118
Level C Ensemble119
Level D Suits119
High Temperature Clothing119
Cold Temperature Clothing120
Limitations of PPE120
Heat Stress121
Mobility123
Visibility123
Communications123
Summary123
Key Terms123
Review Questions124
Endnote124
Suggested Readings124
Chapter 5Protective Actions125
Objectives127
Introduction127
Incident Management Systems127
Hazardous Materials Management Processes130
Isolation and Protection130
Rescue131
Site Management134
Establishment of Zones134
Evacuations and Sheltering in Place138
Common Incidents140
Types of Releases140
Explosives141
Gases144
Flammable and Combustible Liquids147
Flammable Solids/Water Reactives/Spontaneously Combustible147
Oxidizers and Organic Peroxides150
Poisons151
Radioactive151
Corrosives152
Other Incidents153
Decontamination154
Types of Decontamination155
Emergency Decontamination155
Gross Decontamination155
Formal Decontamination156
Fine Decontamination156
Mass Decontamination157
Decontamination Process157
Methods of Decontamination157
Summary165
Key Terms165
Review Questions166
Endnotes167
Suggested Readings167
Chapter 6Product Control and Air Monitoring169
Objectives171
Introduction171
Defensive Operations171
Absorption171
Diking and Damming172
Diverting174
Retention176
Dilution176
Vapor Dispersion176
Vapor Suppression177
Remote Shutoffs177
Air Monitoring at the First Responder Operations Level177
Regulations and Standards178
Air Monitor Configurations178
Meter Terminology179
Bump Test179
Calibration179
Reaction Time180
Recovery Time180
Relative Response180
Oxygen Monitors180
Oxygen Monitor Limitations181
Flammable Gas Indicators181
Flammable Gas Sensor Types182
Toxic Gas Monitors183
Other Detectors184
Carbon Monoxide Incidents185
Summary187
Key Terms187
Review Questions188
Suggested Readings188
Chapter 7Terrorism Awareness189
Objectives191
Introduction191
Types of Terrorism196
Potential Targets197
Indicators of Terrorism199
Incident Actions201
General Groupings of Warfare Agents203
Nerve Agents203
Incendiary Agents204
Blister Agents (Vesicants)204
Blood and Choking Agents204
Irritants (Riot Control)205
Biological Agents and Toxins205
Radioactives207
Other Terrorism Agents207
Detection of Terrorism Agents207
Test Strips208
Colorimetric Sampling209
Handheld Electronic Detection Devices209
Biological Agent Detection210
Federal Assistance211
Basic Incident Priorities212
Summary213
Key Terms213
Review Questions214
Endnotes214
Suggested Readings214
Chapter 8HAZMAT and Law Enforcement215
Objectives217
Introduction217
Common HAZMAT Incidents217
Blood-Borne Pathogens218
Drugs and Chemical Effects218
Clandestine Labs218
Drug Labs219
Explosives Labs221
Terrorism Agent Labs222
Explosives Incidents223
Bomb Squad and HAZMAT Interface223
General Rules223
Special Situations223
SWAT Operations225
Intel225
Special Considerations225
Setup227
Emergency Conditions228
Evidence Collection229
Considerations229
Operations and Entry230
Summary231
Key Terms231
Review Questions231
Suggested Readings231
Glossary233
Abbreviations239
Index241

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >