Health and Community Design is a comprehensive examination of how the built environment encourages or discourages physical activity, drawing together insights from a range of research on the relationships between urban form and public health. It provides important information about the factors that influence decisions about physical activity and modes of travel, and about how land use patterns can be changed to help overcome barriers to physical activity. Chapters examine:
• the historical relationship between health and urban form in the United States
• why urban and suburban development should be designed to promote moderate types of physical activity
• the divergent needs and requirements of different groups of people and the role of those needs in setting policy
• how different settings make it easier or more difficult to incorporate walking and bicycling into everyday activities
A concluding chapter reviews the arguments presented and sketches a research agenda for the future.
Lawrence Frank is Associate Professor in the City Planning Program, College of Architecture, Georgia Institute of Technology.
Peter Engelke is Research Associate in the City Planning Program, College of Architecture, Georgia Institute of Technology.
Tom Schmid is Coordinator of the Active Community Environments (ACEs) team in the Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity at the National Center for Chronic Disease Control and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Table of Figures
List of Tables
Preface and Acknowledgments
Chapter 1. Introduction
Chapter 2. Public Health and Urban Form In America
Chapter 3. Physical Activity and Public Health
Chapter 4. Physical Activity
Chapter 5. Physical Activity
Chapter 6. Understanding the Built Environment
Chapter 7. Transportation Systems
Chapter 8. Land Use Patterns
Chapter 9. Urban Design Characteristics
Chapter 10. Application of Principles
Chapter 11. Conclusion
Appendix: Summary of Selected Traffic Calming Studies