Health Care Patterns and Planning in Developing Countries

Overview

In the Third World, as Rais Akhtar notes in his introduction, the great majority of people suffer excess mortality and morbidity, while in contrast the affluent enjoy a health status similar to that of most people in developed countries. This collection of articles focuses on the study of the spatial organization of health care in the Third World, its levels of inequality, and the socio-economic and political forces that govern health care in different countries. It discusses the need for realistic health care ...

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Overview

In the Third World, as Rais Akhtar notes in his introduction, the great majority of people suffer excess mortality and morbidity, while in contrast the affluent enjoy a health status similar to that of most people in developed countries. This collection of articles focuses on the study of the spatial organization of health care in the Third World, its levels of inequality, and the socio-economic and political forces that govern health care in different countries. It discusses the need for realistic health care planning, and offers some directions that countries might take to achieve this end. Unlike other books that deal with minimizing imbalances in health care delivery, this work approaches the problem empirically, citing numerous investigative studies conducted in Asian, African, and South American countries. These studies, rather than providing theories for health care improvements, offer evidence of what has been attempted and what has been achieved, allowing for a comparison of the way in which different Third World countries are trying to meet this crisis. Although systems cannot simply be transferred from one cultural context to another, this work can provide an understanding of the advantages and disadvantages of various combinations of health care types. It will be an important reference for courses in health care management, epidemiology, and political and social issues in the Third World, as well as a valuable addition to academic and public libraries.

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Product Details

Meet the Author

RAIS AKHTAR is Head of the Department of Geography and Regional Development at the University of Kashmir in Srinagar, India, and is currently a member of the International Geographical Union Commission on Health and Development .

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Table of Contents

Preface

Introduction: Spatial Patterns of Health Care by Rais Akhtar

Primary Health Care: Towards Equity

Planning and Implementing Community Participation in Health Programs by Ian D. Askew

Minimum Primary Health Care Interventions for Child Survival: Setting the Research Agenda by Oscar Gish

Primary Health Care in the Philippines by David R. Phillips

Planning for Primary Health Care in Nicaragua by John M. Donahue

Socioeconomic and Political Aspects of Health Care

Politics, Planning, and Primary Health Care in Zambia by Paul J. Freund

The Impact of Socioeconomic and Political Factors on the Provision of Health Care in India by Roger Jeffrey

Health Services Development, Illness, and Health Behavior in Ethiopia by Helmut Kloos, et. al

Modelling the Allocation of Health Care Provision

Use of Location-Allocation Models for Improving Geographical Accessibility of Rural Services

The Access and Utilization of Public Centers in Guataemala City by James L. Mulvihill

Applying Operations Research to Health Planning: Locating Health Centers in Zambia by Bryan H. Massam, Rais Akhtar, and Ian D. Askew

Historical Context and Traditional Versus Modern Health Care

Health Care Delivery Patterns and Planning in Zambia: Colonial, Populist, and Crisis Interventionist Approaches by E. Shamilupa Kalapula

Modern and Traditional Health Care Systems in Ghana by Charles Anyinam

Health and Health Care in the Northeastern Region of Brazil by Marilia Velloso Galvao, et. al

Spatial Aspects of Health Care Provisions in Nigeria by S. I. Okafor

Socio-spatial Disparities in the Provision of Medical Services in the Sudan by Galal El Din El Tayeb, et.al

Community Health Problems in the Gulf Countries by F. M. Shattock

Bibliography

Index

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