The Heart of the Matter: (Penguin Classics Deluxe Edition)

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Overview

Wilson sat on the balcony of the Bedford Hotel with his bald pink knees thrust against the ironwork..."
 
Graham Greene's masterpiece, The Heart of the Matter, tells the story of a good man enmeshed in love, intrigue, and evil in a West African coastal town. Scobie is bound by strict integrity to his role as assistant police commissioner and by severe responsibility to ...

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The Heart Of The Matter

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Overview

Wilson sat on the balcony of the Bedford Hotel with his bald pink knees thrust against the ironwork..."
 
Graham Greene's masterpiece, The Heart of the Matter, tells the story of a good man enmeshed in love, intrigue, and evil in a West African coastal town. Scobie is bound by strict integrity to his role as assistant police commissioner and by severe responsibility to his wife, Louise, for whom he cares with a fatal pity.
 
When Scobie falls in love with the young widow Helen, he finds vital passion again yielding to pity, integrity giving way to deceit and dishonor—a vortex leading directly to murder. As Scobie's world crumbles, his personal crisis develops the foundation of a story by turns suspenseful, fascinating, and, finally, tragic.
 
Originally published in 1948, The Heart of the Matter is the unforgettable portrait of one man—flawed yet heroic, destroyed and redeemed by a terrible conflict of passion and faith. This Penguin Deluxe Edition features an introduction by James Wood.

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Editorial Reviews

Library Journal
To honor Greene's centennial, Penguin is reissuing these six titles in deluxe editions featuring new cover art, French flaps, and ragged paper at an affordable price. Very nice if you need some new copies. Copyright 2004 Reed Business Information.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780142437995
  • Publisher: Penguin Publishing Group
  • Publication date: 9/28/2004
  • Series: Penguin Classics Deluxe Edition Series
  • Edition description: Penguin Classics Deluxe Edition
  • Pages: 288
  • Sales rank: 104,569
  • Product dimensions: 8.22 (w) x 5.48 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Graham Greene

Graham Greene (1904-1991), whose long life nearly spanned the length of the twentieth century, was one of its greatest novelists. Educated at Berkhamsted School and Balliol College, Oxford, he started his career as a sub-editor of the London TimesHe began to attract notice as a novelist with his fourth book, Orient Expressin 1932. In 1935, he trekked across northern Liberia, his first experience in Africa, told in A Journey Without Maps (1936). He converted to Catholicism in 1926, an edifying decision, and reported on religious persecution in Mexico in 1938 in The Lawless Roadswhich served as a background for his famous The Power and the Glory, one of several “Catholic” novels (Brighton RockThe Heart of the MatterThe End of the Affair). During the war he worked for the British secret service in Sierra Leone; afterward, he began wide-ranging travels as a journalist, which were reflected in novels such as The Quiet AmericanOur Man in HavanaThe ComediansTravels with My AuntThe Honorary ConsulThe Human FactorMonsignor Quixoteand The Captain and the EnemyAs well as his many novels, Graham Greene wrote several collections of short stories, four travel books, six plays, two books of autobiography, A Sort of Life and Ways of Escape, two biographies, and four books for children. He also contributed hundreds of essays and film and book reviews to The Spectator and other journals, many of which appear in the late collection ReflectionsMost of his novels have been filmed, including The Third Man, which the author first wrote as a film treatment. Graham Greene was named Companion of Honour and received the Order of Merit among numerous other awards.

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    1. Also Known As:
      Henry Graham Greene (birth name)
    1. Date of Birth:
      October 2, 1904
    2. Place of Birth:
      Berkhamsted, England
    1. Date of Death:
      April 3, 1991
    2. Place of Death:
      Vevey, Switzerland

Reading Group Guide

INTRODUCTION

Set in a small British colonial outpost in Sierra Leone during World War II, The Heart of the Matter occupies and comments on the ambitious subjects of war, espionage, love, adultery, treachery, and betrayal. But at its core—at the heart of The Heart of the Matter —it is a novel of moral dilemmas. Its plot, its psychological and spiritual depth, even its political intrigues turn around two basic moral questions: Is it possible to make others happy? Is suicide ever the right choice? The novel's enigmatic protagonist, police officer Henry Scobie, even wonders if Christ's death might be understood as an act of suicide, since He allowed Himself to be sacrificed.

Before he reaches the climactic decision of his own moral crisis, Scobie struggles to make his poetry-loving and deeply unhappy wife, Louise, happy. Fed up with the ghastly climate, the remoteness, and, in her case, friendlessness of village life in Sierra Leone, Louise lets her husband know the full depth of her misery. And Henry Scobie is not a man who can bear the thought that he has caused another to suffer. When he is passed over for the job of Commissioner of Police, Louise feels humiliated in the eyes of the other British officers and their wives, and her unhappiness is brought to a fever pitch. She decides she must leave, and Henry makes a fateful promise to send her to South Africa, even though he lacks the funds to do so.

Thus begins a series of decisions and bargains that push Scobie into a terrifyingly unfamiliar moral terrain. Though Scobie wonders if any human being can arrange another's happiness and even considers the desire to be happy in a world so filled with pain and suffering to be impossibly foolish, he still tries to make Louise happy. To raise the money to pay for his wife's passage, Scobie strikes a bargain with Yusef that leads to Scobie's corruption after many years of honest service. And once Louise is gone, Scobie begins an affair with the recently widowed Helen and soon finds himself responsible for the happiness of two people, rather than just of one. When Louise returns, hoping to restore their strained marriage, she suggests that they receive communion together, which requires a full confession, and the cage door swings shut on Scobie and his deceptions.

Only one way of escape presents itself to Scobie, and he believes that eternal damnation awaits him if he chooses it. But he convinces himself that by sacrificing his own life, he can spare both Helen and Louise further misery at his expense. And it is here that the crucial question of the novel is asked most poignantly: how far should one sacrifice oneself for the happiness of others? Henry Scobie provides one answer but the novel itself leaves the question open for its readers to ponder.

ABOUT GRAHAM GREENE

Graham Greene was born on October 2, 1904, in Berkhamstead, England. He attended the Berkhamstead School where his father was headmaster and where, as a consequence, Greene was teased mercilessly by his classmates. At fifteen, he suffered a mental crisis, and after several questionable suicide attempts, ran away from home. In response, his parents sent him to a London psychoanalyst, Kenneth Richmond, who encouraged Greene to write and introduced him to a literary circle that included the poet Walter de la Mare.

Greene went on to Oxford, where he studied modern history and served as editor of The Oxford Outlook. During this period, Greene briefly joined the Communist Party and published a book of poetry, Babbling April. After graduating in 1925, while working as sub-editor for The Nottingham Journal, Greene met his future wife, Vivien Daryrell-Browning, when she wrote to correct some errors concerning Catholicism in his writing. He became a Catholic in 1926, the same year he was appointed sub-editor for The Times in London, and married Vivien a year later. When his first novel, The Man Within, was published in 1929 Greene resigned from the paper to write full time. After struggling to reach a larger audience with his next two books, he achieved great success with Stamboul Train (1932), which was published as Orient Express in the United States.

Greene was impressively prolific during the 1930s, publishing thirteen books—including, Brighton Rock (1938) and The Power and the Glory (1939), which won the Hawthornden Prize. He also traveled extensively to Liberia and Mexico and established himself as a renowned film critic for The Spectator. When World War II broke out, Greene joined the Ministry of Information and in 1941 served as a British Secret Service agent, first in Sierra Leone, an experience he drew upon in writingThe Heart of the Matter (1948), and then for the office of counterintelligence in London.

After the war, Greene collaborated with Carol Reed in writing a film, The Third Man, which won First Prize at Cannes in 1949. In 1955, he wrote The Quiet American, about American involvement in Indochina. More novels followed, including Our Man In Havanna (1958), The Comedians (1966), The Honorary Consul (1973), and The Human Factor (1978), which stayed on theNew York Times bestseller list for six months.

Greene's marriage was marred by several affairs and the couple separated in 1948 but never divorced. In the last years of his life, Greene lived in Vevey, Switzerland, with his long-time companion Yvonne Cloetta. He died there on April 3, 1991.

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

  • How relevant is the setting to the action of The Heart of the Matter? How do the climate, the war, and the indigenous people of this remote colonial outpost affect Scobie, Louise, Helen, and Wilson? Is the novel implicitly or explicitly anticolonial?
     
  • Scobie thinks that "no human being can really understand another, and no one can arrange another's happiness" (p. 75). What are the fateful consequences of Scobie's trying to make others happy? In what ways does the novel reveal the limits of our ability to understand one another?
     
  • What kind of woman is Louise? Why is her love of literature so often regarded with derision in the novel? Why is she so upset when Scobie is passed over for the commissionership? To what extent is she responsible for Scobie's downfall?
     
  • What role does Yusef play in the novel? By what means does he entice Scobie into a corrupt relationship? Are we meant to see him as a diabolical character or merely as someone working the colonial occupation to his best advantage?
     
  • In discussing mercy and damnation, Father Rank says, "The Church knows all the rules. But it doesn't know what goes on in a single human heart" (p. 254). To what extent can The Heart of the Matter be read as a critique of the Catholic Church? In what ways does the novel show the workings of the human heart to be beyond the comprehension of Catholic doctrine?
     
  • Early in the novel, Scobie promises to find a way to send Louise to South Africa, and we read that "He would still have made the promise even if he could have foreseen all that would come of it" (p. 50). What are the consequences of this promise? Why would Scobie still have made it, even if he could foresee the ruin that it would cause?
     
  • In what ways is Wilson a foil for Scobie? How are the two men different? For what reasons does Wilson wish to destroy Scobie?
     
  • How has the death of his only child affected Scobie and the decisions he makes throughout the novel?
     
  • Why is Scobie so drawn to Helen? Why do they feel so "safe" in each other's presence? Why does this sense of safety turn out to be so dangerous?
     
  • In what ways do the subplots of spying and diamond smuggling parallel the novel's central concern with relationships? In what ways is the novel about the tensions between openness and secrecy, honesty and deception?
     
  • At the end of the novel, Father Rank says of Scobie, "It may seem an odd thing to say—when a man's as wrong as he was—but I think, from what I saw of him, that he really loved God." To which Louise replies: "He certainly loved no one else" (p. 255). Are these statements about Scobie true? Does he love God and no one else? If so, how can we explain the choices he has made—to commit adultery and finally suicide?
     
  • After Pemberton's suicide, Scobie thinks: "Suicide was for ever out of his power—he couldn't condemn himself for eternity—no cause was important enough" (p. 83). Why does Scobie kill himself, even when he believes it will bring eternal damnation? How does he rationalize his suicide to himself? Should his suicide be considered self-sacrifice for the well-being of Helen and Louise? Is suicide his only choice? What else might he have done?
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Customer Reviews

Average Rating 4.5
( 11 )
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See All Sort by: Showing 1 – 20 of 43 Customer Reviews
  • Anonymous

    Posted December 5, 2012

    A mess

    This version is a mess. Ali shows up as ALL or some other word entirely, and many times there are symbols in place of letters. This made it confusing to read. The title popped up im the middle of pages, and random numbers appeared throughout. A very poor version of the book. A shame, because this is a good story.

    4 out of 4 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted April 7, 2012

    A very poor edition. Uncorrected OCR. Shamefull.

    A great writer deserves better treatment.

    3 out of 5 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted August 18, 2011

    Wont download

    Please fix

    3 out of 6 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted August 29, 2012

    Bad version

    Why aren't there real, English versions of Greene's novels?

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted August 1, 2008

    Scobie Must Choose

    Graham Greene is my favorite author and this book just adds to my esteem of him. Scobie is a police officer who cannot resist saving and comforting the pitiable aspects of people and life. His wife's 'ugliness' 'more than just the physical' and his pity of that keeps him only interested in making her happy...until he is granted freedom when she decides to travel to the south of Africa with a friend. Then, he is drawn by pity to a recently married and more recently widowed survivor of a sinking ship. His feelings of love, guilt, and responsibility for both women come to a head when his wife returns. The religious inner dialogue of this novel and all of Greene's works that I've read provide insights into my life and my world that are timeless. This book was published in 1948 and it speaks to me more than fiction that I've read published this year. I recommend Greene's writing, not just this novel, because once you begin reading you can trust that he will deliver a thought-provoking and awakening piece of writing.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted November 5, 2000

    The confusion of pity and love

    I stumbled onto Graham Greene in a roundabout way, so I failed to anticipate his stature as an Important Novelist; I thought he was a man who wrote books that were turned into excellent films, and then I read a short story by him called 'The Basement Room' that happened to be posted online. What a revelation. The previous reviewer griped about the religiosity of this book, but novels as complex and careful about their characters as this one--and Greene is one of the most acid and assiduous chroniclers of the indecisions of the heart as any I have encountered--are not so easily pigeonholed into decisions about morality. His Major Scobie is torn between conflicting senses of duty--to his church, and to his two women--and in the end it is uncertain after all whether he was a weak man or a strong man, and whether he was a good man or bad. The dialogues are crisp and exact; characters revolve in their own constricting passions; and the colonial life is drawn unsentimentally and candidly. Greene is a master craftsman, and his moralizations evolve from character; not, I believe, vice versa.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted October 28, 2000

    I NEED A PRIEST!

    After reading three other works by Greene I have come to the conclusion that his works belong under the category religious fiction. In this novel, once again the main action is driven by questions of faith. Scobie, a police officer in Africa during WWII, finds himself dangling between adultery and faith, corruption and justice, punishment and understanding. Two thirds of the book is excellent but Greene seems to use the loss of faith to tidy up the ends of his books because he can see no other way for characters to get out of their situations unless they fall prostrate before the Roman Catholic Church. While the characterization is good most of the novel, they turn into caricatures by the end and lose their identity. This book is very similar to his other novel, The End of the Affair, and is similarly disappointing. I am beginning to agree with some other critics that maybe Greene will not be as important as a novelist in the future and will be seen as merely average or mediocre in generations to come.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted October 19, 2000

    Excellent

    Probably one of the best written English novels I have ever read. The fall of a man's soul, debated in a destructive conflict between ancient principles and cultural restraints, and discovered needs and emotions. As a background, a back-door view of the 'glories' of colonization: a little hell for expatriots and Africans alike. Don't expect a lot of suspense, but a short, keen, immensely introspective search for truth and human dignity.

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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    Posted November 7, 2010

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