PART I IMPLICATIONS FOR EARNINGS AND INCOME 15 1 The Impact of Immigration on Income Distribution Among Minorities 17 George F. Johnson 2 Do Blacks Gain or Lose from Immigration? 51 George I. Borjas 3 Immigration and the Quality of jobs 75 Daniel S. Hamernesh 4 Unskilled Immigration and Changes in the Wage Distributions of Black, Mexican American and Non-Hispanic White Male Dropouts 107 Cordelia W. Reimers 5 An Investigation of the Effect of immigration on the Labor-Market Outcomes of African Americans 149 Kristin F. Butcher PART II EcoNOMIC EFFECTS BEYOND THE LABOR MARKET 183 6 Does Immigration Hurt African American Self-Employment? 185 Robert W Fairlie and Bruce D. Meyer 7 Immigration, Race, and Space 222 Jeffrey S. Zax 8 Educational Crowding Out: Do Immigrants Affect the Educational Attainment of American Minorities? 253 Julian R.Btt 9 Do Immigrants Crowd Disadvantaged American Natives Out of Higher Education? 282 Caroline M. Hoxhy 10 Immigration and Crime Among Young Black Men: Evidence from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 322 Jeffrey T. Grogger PART III IMPLICATIONS BEYOND THE LABOR MARKET 343 11 Immigration and Native Minority Workers: Is There Bad News After All? 345 Marta Tienda 12 What Does Labor Economics Contribute to Debates Over Immigration? 353 Richard B. Freeman 13 Reflections on the Effects of Immigrants on African Americans-and Vice Versa 361 Peter H. Schuck 14 Reflections on Family Issues in Immigration 376 Linda Datcher Loury
Help or Hindrance? : The Economic Implications of Immigration for African Americansby Daniel S. Hammermesh, Frank D. Bean
Pub. Date: 05/28/1998
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
With recent immigration at a near record high, many observers fear that African Americans, particularly those in low skill jobs, are increasingly losing out to immigrants in the American labor market. Because today's immigrants are largely non-European and non-white, there is also speculation that their presence will intensify the competition for housing and
With recent immigration at a near record high, many observers fear that African Americans, particularly those in low skill jobs, are increasingly losing out to immigrants in the American labor market. Because today's immigrants are largely non-European and non-white, there is also speculation that their presence will intensify the competition for housing and educational opportunities among minority groups. Help or Hindrance? probes the foundation of these concerns with the first comprehensive investigation into the effects of immigration on African Americans.
With detailed economic analysis of African American job prospects, benefits, and working conditions, Help or Hindrance? demonstrates that although immigration does not appear to have affected the actual employment rate of blacks, it has contributed slightly to the widening gap between the annual earnings of black and white males. Those near the lowest skills level appear most affected, suggesting that the most likely losers are workers with abilities similar to those of immigrants. With many employers moving away from cities, access to housing and problems of segregation have also become integral to success in the job market. And within black neighborhoods themselves, the establishment of small immigrant businesses has raised concerns that these may hinder local residents from starting up similar ventures. Help or Hindrance? also examines how immigration has affected the educational attainment of African Americans. Increased competition for college affirmative action and remedial programs has noticeably reduced African Americans' access to college places and scholarships.
Help or Hindrance? offers compelling evidence that although immigration has in many ways benefited parts of American society, it has had a cumulatively negative effect on the economic prospects of African Americans. In concluding chapters, this volume provides an overview of possible policy interventions and evaluates them within the current social and political climate. Because the long-term impact of current immigration on social welfare remains unknown solutions are far from clear. Help or Hindrance? provides a valuable benchmark for discussion of immigration and racial equity in a time of rapid population change.
- Russell Sage Foundation
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- New Edition
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- 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.30(d)
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