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David Ellerman relates a deep theoretical groundwork for a philosophy of development, while offering a descriptive, practical suggestion of how goals of development can be better set and met. Beginning with the assertion that development assistance agencies are inherently structured to provide help that is ultimately unhelpful by overriding or undercutting the capacity of people to help themselves, David Ellerman argues that the best strategy for development is a drastic reduction in development assistance. The locus of initiative can then shift from the would-be helpers to the doers (recipients) of development. Ellerman presents various methods for shifting initiative that are indirect, enabling and autonomy-respecting. Eight representative figures in the fields of education, community organization, economic development, psychotherapy and management theory including: Albert Hirschman, Paulo Freire, John Dewey, and Søren Kierkegaard demonstrate how the major themes of assisting autonomy among people are essentially the same.
David Ellerman is currently a Visiting Scholar in the Economics Department at the University of California at Riverside.
|1||Introduction & overview||1|
|2||Internal & external motivation : beyond Homo economicus||25|
|3||The indirect approach||52|
|4||Indirect approaches : intellectual history||68|
|5||Autonomy-respecting development assistance||100|
|6||Knowledge-based development assistance||121|
|7||Can development agencies learn & help clients learn?||149|
|8||Case study : assistance to the transition countries||186|
|9||Hirschmanian themes of social learning & change||207|
|App||Eight thinkers on the five themes||253|