Henry Lloyd and the Military Enlightenment of Eighteenth- Century Europe

Overview

Intellectual historians generally view the Enlightenment as a pacifist or anti-war movement. Military historians typically consider 18th century military thinkers as backward-looking and inept. Speelman challenges the views of both groups through a consideration of the writings of Henry Lloyd, a soldier and Welsh philosophe who combined enlightened thought and military experience to distill a distinct theory of war. Based on previously unused or underutilized primary materials, this is the first biography of this...

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Overview

Intellectual historians generally view the Enlightenment as a pacifist or anti-war movement. Military historians typically consider 18th century military thinkers as backward-looking and inept. Speelman challenges the views of both groups through a consideration of the writings of Henry Lloyd, a soldier and Welsh philosophe who combined enlightened thought and military experience to distill a distinct theory of war. Based on previously unused or underutilized primary materials, this is the first biography of this key enlightenment thinker who advanced the general understanding of war as it existed in his day.

Lloyd wrote a multivolume history of the Seven Years' War from which he derived the Principles of War; a treatise on economics that prefigured the liberal theories of Adam Smith; a rhapsody on the invasion and defense of Great Britain; and finally an anonymous critique of the English constitution that he used to demand political and electoral reform. Overall, he argued for the reform of military institutions and practices through breaking from custom and traditional norms. In his works, Lloyd examined warfare within the larger context of secular philosophy and human society; and, thus, he personified the link between the military society and the Enlightenment that historians often ignore or discount.

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Product Details

Meet the Author

PATRICK J. SPEELMAN teaches the History of Military Thought and Strategy at Eastern Connecticut State University in Willimantic, Connecticut.

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Table of Contents

Illustrations ix
Foreword xi
Acknowledgments xiii
Introduction: An Eighteenth-Century Odyssey 1
1 Genesis of Genius 5
2 The School of War 19
3 Toward a Theory of Principles 39
4 Henry Lloyd's Enlightenment 61
5 Servant of Mars 79
6 Philosopher of War 95
Conclusion: The Death of General Lloyd 117
Appendix A Lloyd's Principles of War 123
Appendix B Publishing History of Lloyd's Works 129
Notes 133
Selected Bibliography 193
Index 213
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