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The authors of the essays collected here explore the ways in which late antique groups defined their own socio-political borders and created secure in-group identities by means of discourses on heresy and heretics. A wider definition of heresy and heretics as real or constructed internal opposition and internal enemies leads to a new understanding of ancient sources as well as to new comparative possibilities. Some of the contributing authors look at the social setting of heresiology, and examine how it served to regulate interaction between communities. Others consider the different functions of heresy-making discourse as a simultaneous process of describing and disqualifying groups of perceived dissenters. Combining presentations from various fields, the authors reconsider the phenomenon of 'heresy' in late antiquity in the broadest possible scope. They focus on examples of the ways in which late antique groups defined themselves as righteous, in the process of describing imagined communities as vicious. They analyze cases in which authors or groups sought to present dangerous encounters by describing the other in highly conventionalized terms established through heresiological traditions and the creation of cliches and stock characters. The authors also examine cases in which heresy-making discourses effectively push with the left and bring in with the right, as the Babylonian Talmud has it, inasmuch as the proclamation of a radical divorce from 'heretics' allowed for the domestication of their ideas and practices.
Content:Eduard Iricinschi and Holger Zellentin: Introduction. From Heresy to Heresiology: Recent Trends in Scholarship and the Contribution of This Volume - Karen L. King: Social and Theological Effects of Heresiological Discourse - William E. Arnal: Doxa, Heresy, and Self-Construction. The Pauline Ekklesiai and the Boundaries of Urban Identities - Averil Cameron: The Violence of Orthodoxy - Yannis Papadoyannakis: Defining Orthodoxy in Pseudo-Justin's Quaestiones et responsiones ad orthodoxos - Caroline Humfress: Citizens and Heretics: Late Roman Lawyers on Christian Heresy - Richard Lim: The Nomen Manichaeorum and Its Uses in Late Antiquity - Annette Yoshiko Reed: Heresiology and the (Jewish-)Christian Novel: Narrativized Polemics in the Pseudo-Clementine Homilies - Kevin Lee Osterloh: Judea, Rome and the Hellenistic Oikoumene: Emulation and the Reinvention of Communal Identity - Philippa Townsend: Who Were the First Christians? - John G. Gager: Where Does Luke's Anti-Judaism Come from? - Holger Zellentin: Margin of Error: Bavli Shabbat 116a-b as Polemics, Apology, and Heresiology - Burton L. Visotzky: Goys '?'n't Us: Rabbinic Anti-Gentile Polemic in Yerushalmi Berachot 9:1 - Eduard Iricinschi: If You Got It, Flaunt It: Religious Advertising in the Gospel of Philip - Gregg Gardner: Astrology in the Talmud: An Analysis of Bavli Shabbat 156 - Israel Jacob Yuval: The Other in Us: Liturgica, Poetica, Polemica