Heritage of Value, Archaeology of Renown: Reshaping Archaeological Assessment and Significance / Edition 1

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These essays urge archaeologists to reexamine and to change their basic assumptions about how we assign value to cultural places and, beyond that, how we should understand and manage our heritage throughout much of the world.
             At the heart of the complex field of cultural resource management is the work archaeologists do to determine the significance of a particular site. On a daily basis, they often face the question of what should be protected for future generations, salvaged in the face of impending destruction, or allowed to be destroyed without record. Frequently, their assessments are at odds with segments of society whose culturally conditioned values conflict with the practical management of resources. The book addresses such topical issues as public controversy over national memorials, land ownership, repatriation, and the protection of cultural heritage in war and peace. It sets the concerns of native peoples and minorities in the context of worldwide tensions between national and local identities, and it explores the overt goal of many countries to promote and appreciate cultural diversity. It also addresses the philosophical separation of heritage management and research within the archaeological discipline itself.
            The contributors propose that in both developing and developed nations the theoretical underpinning of policies must be examined, and new preservation, protection, and research strategies must be developed. Drawing on a broad base of international expertise, the book highlights new theoretical and pragmaticapproaches to archaeological value and significance being applied currently by professionals in North America, Europe, Africa, South America, and Australia.
            The book raises concerns of interest not only to archaeologists but also to those in law, politics, anthropology, environmental studies, and related fields. It revives the critical debate concerning significance and value while emphasizing innovations in both theory and practice in what has become in the 21st century an increasingly diverse discipline.       
Clay Mathers is the geographic information systems coordinator for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in the Albuquerque District, New Mexico. He is the coeditor of Trends and Patterns in Cultural Resource Significance, Cultural Resource Significance Evaluation, and Development and Decline in the Mediterranean Bronze Age.


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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780813027777
  • Publisher: University Press of Florida
  • Publication date: 12/28/2004
  • Series: Cultural Heritage Studies Series
  • Edition description: First
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 339
  • Product dimensions: 6.52 (w) x 9.40 (h) x 1.18 (d)

Meet the Author

Clay Mathers is the geographic information systems coordinator for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in the Albuquerque District, New Mexico. He is the coeditor of Trends and Patterns in Cultural Resource Significance.
Timothy Darvill is professor of archaeology in the Archaeology and Historic Environment Group within the School of Conservation Sciences at Bournemouth University in England. He was chairman of the Institute of Field Archaeologists from 1989 to 1991 and is the author of the Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology.
Barbara J. Little is an archaeologist with the U.S. National Park Service Archaeology and Ethnography Program in the National Center for Cultural Resources in Washington, D.C. She is the editor of Public Benefits of Archaeology (UPF, 2002) and coauthor of Assessing Site Significance: A Guide for Archaeologists and Historians.
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Table of Contents

Foreword : valuing heritage and the heritage of value
1 Introduction : archaeological value in a world context 1
2 "Sorted for ease and whiz"? : approaching value and importance in archaeological resource management 21
3 Good citizens and sound economics : the trajectory of archaeology in Britain from "heritage" to "resource" 43
4 Shaping and suppressing the archaeological record : significance in American cultural resource management 58
5 Archaeological significance and the governance of identity in cultural heritage management 77
6 "Rigidity and a changing order ... disorder, degeneracy and daemonic repetition" : fluidity of cultural values and cultural heritage management 89
7 The U.S. National Register of Historic Places and the shaping of archaeological significance 114
8 Reassessing archaeological significance : heritage of value and archaeology of renown in Brazil 125
9 Plastic value : archaeological significance in South Africa 137
10 "Drawing distinctions" : toward a scalar model of value and significance 159
11 Significance in American cultural resource management : lost in the past 192
12 Archaeological deposits and value 211
13 Archaeological and indigenous significance : a view from Australia 227
14 Sacredness, sensitivity, and significance : the controversy over Native American sacred sites 248
15 Traditional cultural properties and the national preservation program in the United States 276
16 Handling the unknown : the expanding role of predictive modeling in archaeological heritage management in the Netherlands 289
17 Assessing the cultural significance of World Heritage sites : a case study from Avebury, Wiltshire, England 301
18 The bigger picture : archaeology and values in long term cultural resource management 317
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