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The Heritage of World Civilizations: Teaching and Learning Classroom Edition, Volume 1 / Edition 4
     

The Heritage of World Civilizations: Teaching and Learning Classroom Edition, Volume 1 / Edition 4

by Albert M. Craig, William A. Graham, Donald Kagan, Steven Ozment, Frank M. Turner
 

ISBN-10: 0205661033

ISBN-13: 9780205661039

Pub. Date: 12/22/2008

Publisher: Prentice Hall

Written by leading historians, and acclaimed by instructors and students for its exciting new approach to learning history, the Teaching and Learning Classroom Edition of The Heritage of World Civilizations provides a concise narrative enriched by abundant illustrations, focused study tools, and critical-thinking questions that make the past come alive.

Overview

Written by leading historians, and acclaimed by instructors and students for its exciting new approach to learning history, the Teaching and Learning Classroom Edition of The Heritage of World Civilizations provides a concise narrative enriched by abundant illustrations, focused study tools, and critical-thinking questions that make the past come alive. This new TLC edition of Heritage of World Civilizations incorporates even more learning support for students and additional teaching resources for history instructors.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780205661039
Publisher:
Prentice Hall
Publication date:
12/22/2008
Edition description:
Brief
Pages:
528
Product dimensions:
8.40(w) x 10.70(h) x 0.70(d)

Table of Contents

COMBINED VOLUME contains Chapters 1-34

VOLUME I contains Chapters 1-18

VOLUME II contains Chapters 16-34

PART I. THE COMING OF CIVILIZATION.

1. Birth of Civilization.

Early Humans and Their Culture

The Paleolithic Age

The Neolithic Age

The Bronze Age and the Birth of Civilization

Early Civilizations to about 1000 B.C.E.

Mesopotamian Civilization

Egyptian Civilization

Ancient Near Eastern Empires

The Hittites

The Mitannians

The Assyrians

The Second Assyrian Empire

The Neo-Babylonians

Early Indian Civilization

The Indus Civilization

The Vedic Aryan Civilization

Early Chinese Civilization

Neolithic Origins in the Yellow River Valley

Early Bronze Age: The Shang

Later Bronze Age: The Western Zhou

Iron Age: The Eastern Zhou

The Rise of Civilization in the Americas

Summary

Review Questions

Key Terms

2. The Four Great Revolutions in Thought and Religion.

Comparing the Four Great Revolutions

Philosophy in China

Confucianism

Daoism

Legalism

Religion in India

“Hindu” and “Indian”

Historical Background

The Upanishadic Worldview

Mahavira and the Jain Tradition

The Buddha’s “Middle Path”

The Religion of the Israelites

From Hebrew Nomads to the Israelite Nation

The Monotheistic Revolution

Greek Philosophy

Reason and the Scientific Spirit

Political and Moral Philosophy

Summary

Review Questions

Key Terms

* Religions of the World: Judaism

PART II. EMPIRES AND CULTURES OF THE ANCIENT WORLD.

3. Greek and Hellenistic Civilization.

Bronze Age on Crete and on the Mainland to ca. 1150 B.C.E.

The Minoans

The Mycenaeans

Greek “Middle Age” to ca. 750 B.C.E.

Age of Homer

The Polis

Development of the Polis

The Hoplite Phalanx

Expansion of the Greek World

Greek Colonies

The Tyrants (ca. 700-500 B.C.E.)

Life in Archaic Greece

Society

Religion

Poetry

Major City-States

Sparta

Athens

The Persian Wars

Ionian Rebellion

The War in Greece

Classical Greece

The Delian League

The First Peloponnesian War

The Athenian Empire

Athenian Democracy

Women of Athens

The Great Peloponnesian War

Struggle for Greek Leadership

Fifth Century B.C.E

Fourth Century B.C.E

Emergence of the Hellenistic World

Macedonian Conquest

Alexander the Great and His Successors

Death of Alexander

Alexander’s Successors

Hellenistic Culture

Literature

Architecture and Sculpture

Mathematics and Science

Summary

Review Questions

Key Terms

4. Iran, India, and Inner Asia to 200 c.e.

IRANIAN LANDS

Ancient History

The Elamites

The Iranians

Ancient Iranian Religion

Zoroaster and the Zoroastrian Tradition

The First Persian Empire in the Iranian Plateau (550-330 B.C.E.)

The Achaemenids

The Achaemenid State

The Achaemenid Economy

INDIA AND SOUTH ASIA

The First Indian Empire (321-185 B.C.E.)

Political Background

The Mauryans

Consolidation of Indian Civilization (ca. 200 B.C.E-300 B.C.E.)

The Economic Base

High Culture

Religion and Society

INNER ASIA

Seleucids

Indo-Greeks

Steppe Peoples

Parthians

Sakas and Kushans

Summary

Review Questions

Key Terms

* Religions of the World: Hinduism

5. Africa: Early History to 1000 c. e.

Issues of Interpretation, Sources, and Disciplines

The Question of Civilization

The Source Issues

History and Disciplinary Boundaries

Physical Description of the Continent

African Peoples

Africa and Early Human Culture

Diffusion of Languages and Peoples

“Race” and Physiological Variation

The Sahara and the Sudan to the Beginning of the Common Era

Early Saharan Cultures

Neolithic Sudanic Cultures

The Early Iron Age and the Nok Culture

Nilotic African and the Ethiopian Highlands

The Kingdom of Kush

The Napatan Empire

The Meroitic Empire

The Aksumite Empire

Isolation of Christian Ethiopia

The Western and Central Sudan

Agriculture, Trade, and the Rise of Urban Centers

Formation of Sudanic Kingdoms in the First Millennium

Central, Southern, and East Africa

Bantu Expansion and Diffusion

The Khosian and Twa Peoples

East Africa

Summary

Review Questions

Key Terms

6. Republican and Imperial Rome.

Prehistoric Italy

The Etruscans

Royal Rome

Government

Family

Clientage

Patricians and Plebeians

The Republic

Constitution

Conquest of Italy

Rome and Carthage

The Republic’s Conquest of the Hellenistic World

Civilization in the Early Roman Republic: Greek Influence

Religion

Education

Roman Imperialism

Aftermath of Conquest

The Gracchi

Marius and Sulla

War Against the Italian Allies (90-88 B.C.E.)

Sulla’s Dictatorship

Fall of the Republic

Pompey, Crassus, and Caesar

First Triumvirate

Dictatorship of Julius Caesar

Second Triumvirate and the Emergence of Octavian

The Augustan Principate

Administration

The Army and Defense

Religion and Morality

Civilization of the Ciceronian and the Augustan Ages

The Late Republic

Age of Augustus

Peace and Prosperity: Imperial Rome (14-180 C.E.)

Administration of the Empire

Culture of the Early Empire

Life in Imperial Rome: The Apartment House

Rise of Christianity

Jesus of Nazareth

Paul of Tarsus

Organization

Persecution of Christians

Emergence of Catholicism

Rome as a Center of the Early Church

The Crisis of the Third Century

Barbarian Invasions

Economic Difficulties

The Social Order

Civil Disorder

The Late Empire

The Fourth Century and Imperial Reorganization

Diocletian

Constantine

Triumph of Christianity

Arts and Letters in the Late Empire

Preservation of Classical Culture

Christian Writers

The Problem of the Decline and Fall of the Empire in the West

Summary

Review Questions

Key Terms

7. China’s First Empire 221 b.c.e.-589 c.e.

Qin Unification of China

Former Han Dynasty (206 B.C.E.-8 C.E.)

The Dynastic Cycle

Early Years of the Former Han Dynasty

Han Wudi

The Xiongnu

Government During the Former Han

The Silk Road

Decline and Usurpation

Later Han (25-220 C.E.) and Its Aftermath

First Century

Decline During the Second Century

Aftermath of Empire

Han Thought and Religion

Han Confucianism

History

Neo-Daoism

Buddhism

Summary

Review Questions

Key Terms

PART III. CONSOLIDATION AND INTERACTION OF WORLD CIVILIZATIONS.

8. Imperial China 589-1368.

Reestablishment of Empire: Sui (589-618) and T’ang (618-907) Dynasties

The Sui Dynasty

The Tang Dynasty

Transition to Late Imperial China: The Song Dynasty (960-1279)

Agricultural Revolution of the Song: From Serfs to Free Farmers

Commercial Revolution of the Sung

Government: From Aristocracy to Autocracy

Song Culture

China in the Mongol World Empire: The Yuan Dynasty (1279-1368)

Rise of the Mongol Empire

Mongol Rule in China

Foreign Contracts and Chinese Culture

Last Years of the Yuan

Summary

Review Questions

Key Terms

9. the emergence of east asia: japan, korea, and vietnam

Korea

Chinese Commanderies, 108 B.C.E.-313 C.E., and Korean States, 313-668 C.E.

Vietnam

Vietnam in Southeast Asia

Vietnamese Origins

A Millennium of Chinese Rule: 111 B.C.E.-939 C.E.

A Small Independent Country

Japan

Japanese Origins and the Yayoi Revolution

Tomb Culture and the Yamato State, and Korea

Religion in Early Japan

Nara and Heian Japan

Court Government

Land and Taxes

Rise of the Samurai

Aristocratic Culture and Buddhism

Chinese Tradition in Japan

Birth of Japanese Literature

Nara and Heian Buddhism

Japan’s Early Feudal Age

The Kamakura Era

The Question of Feudalism

The Ashikaga Era

Women in Warrior Society

Agriculture, Commerce, and Medieval Guilds

Buddhism and Medieval Culture

Japanese Pietism: Pure Land and Nichiren Buddhism

Zen Buddhism

No Plays

Summary

Review Questions

Key Terms

* Religions of the World: Buddhism *

10. iran and south asia, 200c.e.-1000c.e.

IRANIAN LANDS

The Parthians

The Sasanid Empire (224-651 C.E.)

Society and Economy

Religion

Later Sasanid Developments

THE INDIAN SUBCONTINENT.

Golden Age of the Guptas

Gupta Rule

Gupta Culture

The Development of “Classical” Traditions in Indian Civilization (ca. 300-1000 C.E.)

Society

Religion

Summary

Review Questions

Key Terms

11. The Formation of Islamic Civilization 622-1000.

Origins and Early Development

The Setting

Muhammad and the Qur’an

Women in Early Islamic Society

Early Islamic Conquests

Course of Conquest

Factors of Success

The New Islamic Order

The Caliphate

The Ulama

The Umma

The High Caliphate

The Abbasid State

Society

Decline

Islamic Culture in the Classical Era

Intellectual Traditions

Language and Literature

Art and Architecture

Summary

Review Questions

Key Terms

12. The Byzantine Empire and Western Europe to 1000.

The End of the Western Roman Empire

The Byzantine Empire

The Reign of Justinian

The Impact of Islam on the East and West

The Western Debt to Islam

The Developing Roman Church

Monastic Culture

The Doctrine of Papal Primacy

Division of Christendom

The Kingdom of the Franks

Merovingians and Carolingians: From Clovis to Charlemange

Reign of Charlemagne (768-814)

Breakup of the Carolingian Kindgdom

Feudal Society

Origins

Vassalage and the Fief

Fragmentation and Divided Loyalty

Summary

Review Questions

Key Terms

13. The Islamic world, 1000-1500.

THE ISLAMIC HEARTLANDS.

Religion and Society

Consolidation of Sunni Orthopraxy

Sufi Piety and Organization

Consolidation of Shi’ite Traditions

Regional Developments

Spain, North Africa, and the Western Mediterranean Islamic World

Egyptian and Eastern Mediterranean Islamic World

The Islamic East: Asia before the Mongol Conquests

The Spread of Islam Beyond the Heartlands

ISLAMIC INDIA AND SOUTHEAST ASIA.

The Spread of Islam to South Asia

Muslim-Hindu Encounter

Islamic States and Dynasties

Southeast Asia

Religious and Cultural Accommodation

Hindu and Other Indian Traditions

Summary

Review Questions

Key Terms

14. Ancient Civilizations of the Americas.

Problems in Reconstructing the History of Native American Civilization

Mesoamerica

The Formative Period and the Emergence of Mesoamerican Civilization

The Olmec

The Valley of Oaxaca and the Rise of Monte Alban

The Emergence of Writing and the Mesoamerican Calandar

The Classic Period in Mesoamerica

Teotihuacán

The Maya

The Post-Classic Period

The Toltecs

The Aztecs

Andean South America

The Preceramic and the Initial Period

Chavín de Huantar and the Early Horizon

The Early Intermediate Period

Nazca

Moche

The Middle Horizon Through the Late Intermediate Period

Tiwanaku and Huari

The Chimu Empire

The Inca Empire

Summary

Review Questions

Key Terms

15. Africa ca. 1000-1800.

North Africa and Egypt

The Spread of Islam South of the Sahara

Sahelian Empires of the Western and Central Sudan

Ghana

Mali

Songhai

Kanem and Kanem-Bornu

The Eastern Sudan

The Forestlands—Coastal West and Central Africa

West African Forest Kingdoms: The Example of Benin

European Arrivals on the Coastlands

Central Africa

East Africa

Swahili Culture and Commerce

The Portuguese and the Omanis of Zanzibar

Southern Africa

Southeastern Africa: “Great Zimbabwe”

The Portuguese in Southeastern Africa

South Africa: The Cape Colony

Summary

Review Questions

Key Terms

VOLUME II Begins

PART IV. THE WORLD IN TRANSITION.

16. Europe to the Early 1500s: Revival, Decline, and Renaissance.

Revival of the Empire, Church, and Towns

Otto I and the Revival of the Empire

The Reviving Catholic Church

The Crusades

Towns and Townspeople

Society

The Order of Life

Medieval Women

Growth of National Monarchies

England and France: Hastings (1066) to Bouvines (1214)

France in the Thirteenth Century: Reign of Louis IX

The Hohenstaufen Empire (1152-1272)

Political and Social Breakdown

Hundred Years’ War

The Black Death

New Conflicts and Opportunities

Ecclesiastical Breakdown and the Revival: the Late Medieval Church

Boniface VIII and Philip the Fair

The Great Schism (1378-1417) and the Conciliar Movement to 1449

The Renaissance in Italy (1375-1527)

The Italian City-State: Social Conflict and Despotism

Humanism

Renaissance Art in and Beyond Italy

Italy’s Political Decline: The French Invasions (1494-1527)

Niccolò Machiavelli

Revival of Monarchy: Nation Building in the Fifteenth Century

Medieval Russia

France

Spain

England

Summary

Review Questions

Key Terms

17. Europe 1500-1650: Expansion, Reformation, and Religious Wars.

The Discovery of a New World

The Portuguese Chart the Course

The Spanish Voyages of Christopher Columbus

Impact on Europe and America

The Reformation

Religion and Society

Popular Movements and Criticism of the Church

Secular Control over Religious Life

The Northern Renaissance

Martin Luther and the German Reformation to 1525

Zwingli and the Swiss Reformation

Anabaptists and Radical Protestants

John Calvin and the Genevan Reformation

Political Consolidation of the Lutheran Reformation

The English Reformation to 1553

Catholic Reform and Counter-Reformation

The Reformation’s Achievements

Religion in Fifteenth-Century Life

Religion in Sixteenth-Century Life

Family Life in Early Modern Europe

The Wars of Religion

French Wars of Religion (1562-1598)

Imperial Spain and the Reign of Philip II (1556-1598)

England and Spain (1558-1603)

The Thirty Years War (1618-1648)

Superstition and Enlightenment: the Battle Within

Witch Hunts and Panic

Writers and Philosophers

Summary

Review Questions

Key Terms

* Religions of the World: Christianity *

18. Conquest and Exploitation: the Development of the Transatlantic Economy.

Periods of European Overseas Expansion

Mercantilist Theory of Economic Exploitation

Establishment of the Spanish Empire in America

Conquest of the Aztecs and the Incas

The Roman Catholic Church in Spanish America

Economics of Exploitation in the Spanish Empire

Varieties of Economic Activity

Commercial Regulation and the Flota System

Colonial Brazil

French and British colonies in North America

The Columbian Exchange: Disease, Animals, and Agriculture

Diseases Enter the Americas

Animals and Agriculture

Slavery in the Americas

The Background of Slavery

Establishment of Slavery

The Plantation Economy and Transatlantic Trade

Slavery on the Plantations

Africa and the Transatlantic Slave Trade

Slavery and Slaving in Africa

The African Side of the Transatlantic Trade

The Extent of the Slave Trade

Consequences of the Slave Trade for Africa

Summary

Review Questions

Key Terms

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