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Overview

OneKey lets you and your students in to the best teaching and learning resources-all in one place. This all-inclusive online resource is designed to help you minimize class preparation and maximize teaching time. Conveniently organized by chapter, OneKey for The Heritage of World Civilizations, Seventh Edition reinforces what students have learned in class and from the text. Among the student resources available for each chapter are: a complete e-book version of The Heritage of World Civilizations, Seventh Edition; assessment opportunities organized by the main subtopics of each chapter; over 200 primary-source documents; and interactive map quizzes. For instructors, OneKey includes images and maps from The Heritage of World Civilizations, Seventh Edition, hundreds of primary-source documents, PowerPoint presentations, and additional instructional material.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780131926226
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
  • Publication date: 3/16/2005
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 7
  • Pages: 496
  • Product dimensions: 8.92 (w) x 10.68 (h) x 1.06 (d)

Table of Contents


Preface     xxv
About the Author     xxxi
The Birth of Civilization     2
The Birth of Civilization     7
Global Perspective: Civilizations     8
Early Humans and Their Culture     9
The Paleolithic Age     9
The Neolithic Age     10
The Bronze Age and the Birth of Civilization     12
Early Civilizations to About 1000 B.C.E.     12
Mesopotamian Civilization     13
Egyptian Civilization     18
Ancient Near Eastern Empires     26
The Hittites     26
The Kassites     27
The Mitannians     27
The Assyrians     27
The Second Assyrian Empire     27
The Neo-Babylonians     28
Early Indian Civilization     28
The Indus Civilization     30
The Vedic Aryan Civilization     32
Early Chinese Civilization     35
Neolithic Origins in the Yellow River Valley     35
Early Bronze Age: The Shang     35
Late Bronze Age: The Western Zhou     38
Iron Age: The Eastern Zhou     39
The Rise of Civilization in the Americas     41
Summary     44
Review Questions     45
Key Terms     45
Documents CD-ROM     45
Four Great Revolutions in Thought and Religion     47
Global Perspective: Philosophy and Religion     48
Comparing the Four Great Revolutions     49
Philosophy in China     50
Confucianism     51
Daoism     53
Legalism     54
Religion in India     56
"Hindu" and "Indian"     56
Historical Background     56
The Upanishadic Worldview     56
Mahavira and the Jain Tradition     59
The Buddha's Middle Path     61
The Religion of the Israelites     62
From Hebrew Nomads to the Israelite Nation     62
The Monotheistic Revolution     64
Greek Philosophy     67
Reason and the Scientific Spirit     69
Political and Moral Philosophy     71
Summary     76
Review Questions     77
Key Terms     77
Documents CD-ROM     77
Religions of the World: Judaism     78
Empires and Cultures of the Ancient World     80
Greek and Hellenistic Civilization      85
Global Perspective: The Achievement of Greek and Hellenistic Civilization     86
Bronze Age on Crete and on the Mainland to ca. 1150 B.C.E.     87
The Minoans     87
The Mycenaeans     89
Greek "Middle Age" to ca. 750 B.C.E.     89
Age of Homer     90
The Polis     91
Development of the Polis     92
The Hoplite Phalanx     92
Expansion of the Greek World     93
Greek Colonies     93
The Tyrants (ca. 700-500 B.C.E.)     93
Life in Archaic Greece     95
Society     95
Religion     96
Poetry     98
Major City-States     98
Sparta     98
Athens     100
The Persian Wars     102
Ionian Rebellion     102
The War in Greece     102
Classical Greece     103
The Delian League     103
The First Peloponnesian War     104
The Athenian Empire     105
Athenian Democracy     105
Women of Athens     106
The Great Peloponnesian War     108
Struggle for Greek Leadership      109
Fifth Century B.C.E.     112
Fourth Century B.C.E.     114
Emergence of the Hellenistic World     114
Macedonian Conquest     114
Alexander the Great and His Successors     115
Death of Alexander     117
Alexander's Successors     118
Hellenistic Culture     118
Literature     119
Architecture and Sculpture     119
Mathematics and Science     120
Summary     122
Review Questions     123
Key Terms     123
Documents CD-ROM     123
Iran, India, and Inner Asia to 200 C.E.     125
Global Perspective: The Indo-lranian World in Antiquity     126
Iran     127
Ancient History     127
The Elamites     127
The Iranians     128
Ancient Iranian Religion     128
Zoroaster and the Zoroastrian Tradition     128
The First Iranian Empire (550-330 B.C.E.)     129
The Achaemenids     129
The Achaemenid State     131
The Achaemenid Economy     132
India     133
The First Indian Empire (321-185 B.C.E.)      134
Political Background     134
The Mauryans     134
Consolidation of Indian Civilization (ca. 200 B.C.E.-300 c.e.)     137
The Economic Base     137
High Culture     137
Religion and Society     138
Greek and Asian Dynasties     139
Seleucids     139
Indo-Greeks     140
Steppe Peoples     140
Summary     143
Review Questions     143
Key Terms     143
Documents CD-ROM     143
Religions of the World: Hinduism     144
Africa: Early History to 1000 C.E.     147
Global Perspective: The Early History of Africa     148
Problems of Interpretation and Sources     149
The Question of "Civilization"     149
The Source Problem     149
Physical Description of the Continent     150
African Peoples     152
Africa and Early Human Culture     152
Diffusion of Languages and Peoples     153
Racial Distinctions     154
The Sahara and the Sudan to the Beginning of the Common Era     154
Early Saharan Cultures     154
Neolithic Sudanic Cultures      155
The Early Iron Age and the Nok Culture     155
Nilotic Africa and the Ethiopian Highlands     156
The Kingdom of Kush     156
The Napatan Empire     158
The Meroitic Empire     158
The Aksumite Empire     160
Isolation of Christian Ethiopia     163
The Western and Central Sudan     163
Agriculture, Trade, and the Rise of Urban Centers     163
Formation of Sudanic Kingdoms in the First Millennium     165
Central, Southern, and East Africa     166
The Khoisan Peoples     166
Bantu Expansion and Diffusion     166
East Africa     167
Summary     169
Review Questions     169
Key Terms     169
Documents CD-ROM     169
Republican and Imperial Rome     171
Global Perspective: Republican and Imperial Rome     172
Prehistoric Italy     173
The Etruscans     173
Royal Rome     174
Government     174
Family     174
Clientage     174
Patricians and Plebeians     175
The Republic     175
Constitution      175
Conquest of Italy     176
Rome and Carthage     177
The Republic's Conquest of the Hellenistic World     179
Civilization in the Early Roman Republic: Greek Influence     179
Religion     179
Education     180
Roman Imperialism     181
Aftermath of Conquest     181
The Gracchi     182
Marius and Sulla     183
War Against the Italian Allies (90-88 B.C.E.)     183
Sulla's Dictatorship     184
The Fall of the Republic     184
Pompey, Crassus, and Caesar     184
First Triumvirate     185
Dictatorship of Julius Caesar     185
Second Triumvirate and the Emergence of Octavian     185
The Augustan Principate     186
Administration     186
The Army and Defense     186
Religion and Morality     187
Civilization of the Ciceronian and Augustan Ages     187
The Late Republic     187
The Age of Augustus     187
Peace and Prosperity: Imperial Rome (14-180 C.E.)     189
Administration of the Empire     191
Culture of the Early Empire     191
Life in Imperial Rome: The Apartment House     193
The Rise of Christianity     194
Jesus of Nazareth     194
Paul of Tarsus     194
Organization     195
Persecution of Christians     196
Emergence of Catholicism     196
Rome as a Center of the Early Church     197
The Crisis of the Third Century     197
Barbarian Invasions     197
Economic Difficulties     197
The Social Order     197
Civil Disorder     197
The Late Empire     198
The Fourth Century and Imperial Reorganization     198
Triumph of Christianity     199
Arts and Letters in the Late Empire     201
Preservation of Classical Culture     202
Christian Writers     202
The Problem of the Decline and Fall of the Empire in the West     203
Summary     204
Review Questions     205
Key Terms     205
Documents CD-ROM     205
China's First Empire 221 B.C.E.-589 C.E.     207
Global Perspective: China's First Empire     208
Qin Unification of China     209
Former Han Dynasty (206 B.C.E.-8 C.E.)      211
The Dynastic Cycle     211
Early Years of the Former Han Dynasty     211
Han Wudi     211
The Xiongnu     212
Government During the Former Han     212
The Silk Road     214
Decline and Usurpation     215
Later Han (25-220 c.e.) and Its Aftermath     216
First Century     216
Decline During the Second Century     216
Aftermath of Empire     216
Han Thought and Religion     218
Han Confucianism     218
History     219
Neo-Daoism     220
Buddhism     220
Summary     223
Review Questions     223
Key Terms     223
Documents CD-ROM     223
Consolidation and Interaction of World Civilizations     224
Imperial China 589-1368     229
Global Perspective: Imperial China     230
Re-establishment of Empire: Sui (589-618) and Tang (618-907) Dynasties     231
The Sui Dynasty     231
The Tang Dynasty     231
Transition to Late Imperial China: The Song Dynasty (960-1279)     240
Agricultural Revolution of the Song: From Serfs to Free Farmers      240
Commercial Revolution of the Song     242
Government: From Aristocracy to Autocracy     243
Song Culture     244
China in the Mongol World Empire: The Yuan Dynasty (1279-1368)     248
Rise of the Mongol Empire     248
Mongol Rule in China     249
Foreign Contacts and Chinese Culture     251
Last Years of the Yuan     253
Summary     254
Review Questions     254
Key Terms     254
Documents CD-ROM     255
Japan Early History to 1467     257
Global Perspective: Early Japanese History     258
Japanese Origins and the Yayoi Revolution     259
Tomb Culture, the Yamato State, and Korea     260
Religion in Early Japan     261
Nara and Heian Japan     262
Court Government     262
Land and Taxes     265
Rise of the Samurai     266
Aristocratic Culture and Buddhism     266
Chinese Tradition in Japan     267
Birth of Japanese Literature     268
Nara and Heian Buddhism     269
Japan's Early Feudal Age     271
The Kamakura Era     271
The Question of Feudalism     274
The Ashikaga Era     275
Women in Warrior Society     276
Agriculture, Commerce, and Medieval Guilds     276
Buddhism and Medieval Culture     277
Japanese Pietism: Pure Land and Nichiren Buddhism     277
Zen Buddhism     278
No Plays     279
Summary     280
Review Questions     281
Key Terms     281
Documents CD-ROM     281
Religions of the World: Buddhism     282
Iran and India Before Islam     285
Global Perspective: Pre-Islamic Iran and India     286
Iran     287
The Parthians     287
The Sasanid Empire (224-651 C.E.)     288
Society and Economy     288
Religion     289
Later Sasanid Developments     290
India     290
Golden Age of the Guptas     290
Gupta Rule     290
Gupta Culture     292
The Development of "Classical" Traditions in Indian Civilization (ca. 300-1000 C.E.)     293
Society     294
Religion     295
Summary     298
Review Questions      299
Key Terms     299
Documents CD-ROM     299
The Formation of Islamic Civilization, 622-945     301
Global Perspective: The Early Islamic World     302
Origins and Early Development     303
The Setting     303
Muhammad and the Qur'an     303
Women in Early Islamic Society     305
Early Islamic Conquests     306
Course of Conquest     306
Factors of Success     307
The New Islamic Order     310
The Caliphate     310
The Ulama     311
The Umma     311
The High Caliphate     313
The Abbasid State     314
Society     314
Decline     314
"Classical" Islamic Culture     315
Intellectual Traditions     315
Language and Literature     317
Art and Architecture     318
Summary     320
Review Questions     320
Key Terms     321
Documents CD-ROM     321
The Byzantine Empire and Western Europe to 1000     323
Global Perspective: The Early Middle Ages     324
The End of the Western Roman Empire      326
The Byzantine Empire     326
The Reign of Justinian     327
The Impact of Islam on East and West     332
The Western Debt to Islam     333
The Developing Roman Church     333
Monastic Culture     333
The Doctrine of Papal Primacy     334
Division of Christendom     335
The Kingdom of the Franks     336
Merovingians and Carolingians: From Clovis to Charlemagne     336
Reign of Charlemagne (768-814)     337
Breakup of the Carolingian Kingdom     341
Feudal Society     343
Origins     343
Vassalage and the Fief     344
Fragmentation and Divided Loyalty     344
Summary     345
Review Questions     346
Key Terms     347
Documents CD-ROM     347
Islam in the Heartlands and Beyond, 1000-1600     349
Global Perspective: The Expansion of Islam, 1000-1600     350
Religion and Society     352
Consolidation of Sunni Orthopraxy     352
Sufi Piety and Organization     353
Consolidation of Shi'ite Traditions     353
Regional Developments     354
The Islamic West: Spain and North Africa     354
The Islamic West: Egypt and the Eastern Mediterranean World     355
The Islamic East: Before the Mongol Conquests     359
The Islamic East: The Mongol Age     360
The Spread of Islam Beyond the Heartlands     364
The Spread of Islam to South Asia     364
Muslim-Hindu Encounter     364
Islamic States and Dynasties     366
Southeast Asia     367
Religious and Cultural Accommodation     368
Hindu and Other Indian Traditions     369
Summary     370
Review Questions     371
Key Terms     371
Documents CD-ROM     371
Ancient Civilizations of the Americas     373
Global Perspective: Ancient Civilizations of the Americas     374
Problems in Reconstructing the History of Native American Civilization     375
Mesoamerica     376
The Formative Period and the Emergence of Mesoamerican Civilization     377
The Olmec     377
The Valley of Oaxaca and the Rise of Monte Alban     379
The Emergence of Writing and the Mesoamerican Calendar     379
The Classic Period in Mesoamerica     379
Teotihuacan      380
The Maya     381
The Post-Classic Period     385
The Toltecs     385
The Aztecs     386
Andean South America     391
The Preceramic and the Initial Period     391
Chavin de Huantar and the Early Horizon     392
The Early Intermediate Period     393
Nazca     393
Moche     393
The Middle Horizon Through the Late Intermediate Period     394
Tiwanaku and Huari     394
The Chimu Empire     395
The Inca Empire     395
Summary     398
Review Questions     398
Key Terms     399
Documents CD-ROM     399
Europe to the Early 1500s     401
Global Perspective: The High Middle Ages in Western Europe     402
Revival of Empire, Church, and Towns     403
Otto I and the Revival of the Empire     403
The Reviving Catholic Church     404
The Crusades     405
Towns and Townspeople     408
Society     412
The Order of Life     412
Medieval Women     413
Growth of National Monarchies     415
England and France: Hastings (1066) to Bouvines (1214)     415
France in the Thirteenth Century: Reign of Louis IX     416
The Hohenstaufen Empire (1152-1272)     417
Political and Social Breakdown     418
Hundred Years' War     418
The Black Death     419
New Conflicts and Opportunities     421
Ecclesiastical Breakdown and Revival: The Late Medieval Church     422
Boniface VIII and Philip the Fair     422
The Great Schism (1378-1417) and the Conciliar Movement to 1449     422
The Renaissance in Italy (1375-1527)     422
The Italian City-State: Social Conflict and Despotism     423
Humanism     423
Renaissance Art     424
Italy's Political Decline: The French Invasions (1494-1527)     426
Niccolo Machiavelli     427
Revival of Monarchy: Nation Building in the Fifteenth Century     427
Medieval Russia     428
France     429
Spain     429
England     430
Summary     430
Review Questions     429
Key Terms     431
Documents CD-ROM     431
The World in Transition     432
Europe 1500-1650: Expansion, Reformation, and Religious Wars     437
Global Perspective: European Expansion     438
The Discovery of a New World     439
The Reformation     444
The Northern Renaissance     444
Martin Luther and German Reformation to 1525     445
Zwingli and the Swiss Reformation     449
Anabaptists and Radical Protestants     450
John Calvin and the Genevan Reformation     451
Political Consolidation of the Lutheran Reformation     452
The English Reformation to 1553     453
Catholic Reform and Counter-Reformation     455
The Reformation's Achievements     457
Family Life in Early Modern Europe     457
The Wars of Religion     459
French Wars of Religion (1562-1598)     459
Imperial Spain and the Reign of Philip II (1556-1598)     461
England and Spain (1558-1603)     463
The Thirty Years' War (1618-1648)     464
Superstition and Enlightenment: The Battle Within     466
Witch Hunts and Panic     466
Writers and Philosophers     469
Summary     472
Review Questions     473
Key Terms     473
Documents CD-ROM      473
Religions of the World: Christianity     474
Africa ca. 1000-1800     477
Global Perspective: Africa, 1000-1800     478
North Africa and Egypt     479
The Spread of Islam South of the Sahara     479
Sahelian Empires of the Western and Central Sudan     480
Ghana     480
Mali     483
Songhai     485
Kanem and Kanem-Bornu     486
The Eastern Sudan     488
The Forestlands-Coastal West and Central Africa     488
West African Forest Kingdoms: The Example of Benin     488
European Arrivals on the Coastlands     489
Central Africa     490
East Africa     491
Swahili Culture and Commerce     491
The Portuguese and the Omanis of Zanzibar     493
Southern Africa     494
Southeastern Africa: "Great Zimbabwe"     494
The Portuguese in Southeastern Africa     496
South Africa: The Cape Colony     496
Summary     498
Review Questions     498
Key Terms     499
Documents CD-ROM     499
Conquest and Exploitation: The Development of the Transatlantic Economy      501
Global Perspective: The Atlantic World     502
Periods of European Overseas Expansion     503
Mercantilist Theory of Economic Exploitation     504
Establishment of the Spanish Empire in America     506
Conquest of the Aztecs and the Incas     506
The Roman Catholic Church in Spanish America     506
Economies of Exploitation in the Spanish Empire     508
Varieties of Economic Activity     509
The Decline of the Native American Population     510
Commercial Regulation and the Flota System     510
Colonial Brazil and Slavery     511
French and British Colonies in North America     514
Slavery in the Americas     516
Establishment of Slavery     516
The Plantation Economy and Transatlantic Trade     516
Slavery on the Plantations     517
Africa and the Transatlantic Slave Trade     517
The Background of Slavery     518
Slavery and Slaving in Africa     519
The African Side of the Transatlantic Trade     521
The Extent of the Slave Trade     521
Consequences of the Slave Trade for Africa     523
Summary     526
Review Questions      527
Key Terms     527
Documents CD-ROM     527
East Asia in the Late Traditional Era     529
Global Perspective: East Asia in the Late Traditional Era     530
Late Imperial China     531
Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) Dynasties     531
Land and People     531
China's Third Commercial Revolution     532
Political System     534
Ming-Qing Foreign Relations     539
Ming-Qing Culture     543
Japan     545
Warring States Era (1467-1600)     545
War of All Against All     545
Foot Soldier Revolution     546
Foreign Relations and Trade     547
Tokugawa Era (1600-1868)     549
Political Engineering and Economic Growth During the Seventeenth Century     549
Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Centuries     553
Tokugawa Culture     556
Korea and Vietnam     561
Korea     562
Early History     562
The Choson Era: Late Traditional Korea     563
Vietnam     564
Early Vietnam     564
The Second Millennium: Politics and Society     565
Southeast Asia     567
Summary     568
Review Questions     568
Key Terms     569
Documents CD-ROM     569
State Building and Society in Early Modern Europe     571
Global Perspective: State Building and Society in Early Modern Europe     572
European Political Consolidation     573
Two Models of European Political Development     573
Toward Parliamentary Government in England     573
The "Glorious Revolution"     575
Rise of Absolute Monarchy in France: The World of Louis XIV     576
Years of Personal Rule     577
Russia Enters the European Political Arena     577
Birth of the Romanov Dynasty     578
Peter the Great     578
The Habsburg Empire and the Pragmatic Sanction     580
The Rise of Prussia     581
European Warfare: From Continental to World Conflict     582
The Wars of Louis XIV     583
The Eighteenth-Century Colonial Arena     585
War of Jenkins's Ear     586
The War of the Austrian Succession (1740-1748)     586
The Seven Years' War (1756-1763)     586
The Old Regime     588
Maintenance of Tradition      589
Hierarchy and Privilege     589
Aristocracy     589
The Land and its Tillers     589
Peasants and Serfs     589
Family Structures and the Family Economy     591
The Family Economy     591
Women and the Family Economy     592
The Revolution in Agriculture     594
Population Expansion     596
The Eighteenth-Century Industrial Revolution     597
An Event in World History     597
Industrial Leadership of Great Britain     598
European Cities     601
Patterns of Preindustrial Urbanization     601
Urban Classes     601
The Jewish Population: Age of the Ghetto     602
Summary     604
Review Questions     606
Key Terms     607
Documents CD-ROM     607
The Last Great Islamic Empires 1500-1800     609
Global Perspective: The Last Great Islamic Empires     610
Islamic Empires     612
The Ottoman Empire     612
Origins and Development of the Ottoman State Before 1600     612
The "Classical" Ottoman Order     614
After Suleyman: Challenges and Change      615
The Decline of Ottoman Military and Political Power     618
The Safavid Shi'ite Empire     618
Origins     618
Shah Abbas I     619
Safavid Decline     620
Culture and Learning     621
The Mughals     621
Origins     621
Akbar's Reign     622
The Last Great Mughals     622
Sikhs and Marathas     623
Political Decline     624
Religious Developments     625
Islamic Asia     625
Central Asia: Islamization and Isolation     625
Uzbeks and Chaghatays     626
Consequences of the Shi'ite Rift     626
Power Shifts in the Southern Seas     627
Southern-Seas Trade     627
Control of the Southern Seas     628
The Indies: Acheh     629
Summary     630
Review Questions     631
Key Terms     631
Documents CD-ROM     631
Enlightenment and Revolution in the West     632
The Age of European Enlightenment     637
Global Perspective: The European Enlightenment     638
The Scientific Revolution      639
Nicolaus Copernicus Rejects an Earth-Centered Universe     639
Tycho Brahe and Johannes Kepler     640
Galileo Galilei     641
Francis Bacon: The Empirical Method     642
Isaac Newton Discovers the Laws of Gravitation     643
Women in the World of the Scientific Revolution     644
John Locke     645
The Enlightenment     646
Voltaire     647
The Encyclopedia     647
The Enlightenment and Religion     648
Deism     649
Toleration     649
Islam in Enlightenment Thought     650
The Enlightenment and Society     651
Montesquieu and "The Spirit of the Laws"     651
Adam Smith on Economic Growth and Social Progress     652
Rousseau     653
Enlightened Critics of European Empire     654
Women in the Thought and Practice of the Enlightenment     657
Enlightened Absolutism     658
Joseph II of Austria     659
Catherine the Great of Russia     660
The Partition of Poland     662
Summary     662
Review Questions     663
Key Terms     663
Documents CD-ROM      663
Revolutions in the Transatlantic World     665
Global Perspective: The Transatlantic Revolutions     666
Revolution in the British Colonies in North America     667
Resistance to the Imperial Search for Revenue     667
American Political Ideas     667
Crisis and Independence     668
Revolution in France     670
Revolutions of 1789     670
Reconstruction of France     672
A Second Revolution     674
The Reign of Terror and Its Aftermath     677
The Napoleonic Era     680
The Congress of Vienna and the European Settlement     686
Wars of Independence in Latin America     688
Eighteenth-Century Developments     688
First Movements Toward Independence     689
San Martin in Rio de la Plata     690
Simon Bolivar's Liberation of Venezuela     691
Independence in New Spain     692
Brazilian Independence     693
Toward the Abolition of Slavery in the Transatlantic     693
Economy     693
Summary     696
Review Questions     697
Key Terms     697
Documents CD-ROM      697
Political Consolidation in Nineteenth-Century Europe and North America, 1815-1880     699
Global Perspective: European and North American Political Consolidation     700
The Emergence of Nationalism in Europe     701
Creating Nations     701
Meaning of Nationhood     702
Regions of Nationalistic Pressure in Europe     702
Early-Nineteenth-Century Political Liberalism     703
Politics     703
Economics     704
Relationship of Nationalism and Liberalism     704
Liberalism and Nationalism in Modern World History     705
Efforts to Liberalize Early-Nineteenth-Century European Political Structures     705
Russia: The Decembrist Revolt of 1825 and the Autocracy of Nicholas I     705
Revolution in France (1830)     706
The Great Reform Bill in Britain (1832)     707
1848: Year of Revolutions in Europe     710
Testing the New American Republic     712
Toward Sectional Conflict     712
The Abolitionist Movement     715
The Canadian Experience     717
Road to Self-Government     718
Keeping a Distinctive Culture     718
Midcentury Political Consolidation in Europe      718
The Crimean War     718
Italian Unification     718
German Unification     721
The Franco-Prussian War and the German Empire     723
Unrest of Nationalities in Eastern Europe     724
Racial Theory and Anti-Semitism     726
Anti-Semitism and the Birth of Zionism     727
Summary     729
Review Questions     730
Key Terms     730
Documents CD-ROM     731
Into the Modern World     732
Northern Transatlantic Economy and Society, 1815-1914     737
Global Perspective: The Building of Northern Transatlantic Supremacy     738
European Factory Workers and Urban Artisans     739
Nineteenth-Century European Women     741
Women in the Early Industrial Revolution     741
Social Disabilities Confronted by All Women     744
New Employment Patterns for Women     746
Late-Nineteenth-Century Working-Class Women     747
The Rise of Political Feminism     748
Jewish Emancipation     750
Early Steps to Equal Citizenship     750
Broadened Opportunities     750
European Labor, Socialism, and Politics to World War I     751
The Working Classes in the Late Nineteenth Century     751
Marxist Critique of the Industrial Order     752
Germany: Social Democrats and Revisionism     753
Great Britain: The Labour Party and Fabianism     754
Russia: Industrial Development and the Birth of Bolshevism     754
European Socialism in World History     757
North America and the New Industrial Economy     758
European Immigration to the United States     759
Unions: Organization of Labor     761
The Progressives     762
Social Reform     762
The Progressive Presidency     763
The Emergence of Modern European Thought     765
Darwin's Theory of Natural Selection     765
The Revolution in Physics     766
Friedrich Nietzsche and the Revolt against Reason     767
The Birth of Psychoanalysis     768
Islam and Late-Nineteenth-Century European Thought     768
Summary     769
Review Questions     770
Key Terms     771
Documents CD-ROM     771
Latin America from Independence to the 1940s     773
Global Perspective: Latin American History     774
Independence Without Revolution      775
Immediate Consequences of Latin American Independence     775
Absence of Social Change     777
Control of the Land     777
Submissive Political Philosophies     778
Economy of Dependence     779
New Exploitation of Resources     779
Increased Foreign Ownership and Influence     780
Economic Crises and New Directions     781
Search for Political Stability     782
Three National Histories     782
Argentina     782
Mexico     785
Brazil     791
Summary     796
Review Questions     796
Key Terms     797
Documents CD-ROM     797
India, the Islamic Heartlands, and Africa: The Challenge of Modernity (1800-1945)     799
Global Perspective: India and the Encounter with the Modern West     800
The Indian Experience     801
British Dominance and Colonial Rule     801
Building the Empire: The First Half of the Nineteenth Century     802
British-Indian Relations     803
From British Crown Raj to Independence     806
The Burden of Crown Rule     806
Indian Resistance      806
Hindu-Muslim Friction on the Road to Independence     809
The Islamic Experience     809
Islamic Responses to Declining Power and Independence     809
Western Political and Economic Encroachment     811
The Western Impact     811
Islamic Responses to Foreign Encroachment     812
Emulation of the West     812
Integration of Western and Islamic Ideas     813
Women and Reform in the Middle East     814
Purification and Revival of Islam     815
Nationalism     816
The African Experience     816
New States and Power Centers     816
Southern Africa     816
East and Central Africa     817
West Africa     817
Islamic Reform Movements     817
Increasing European Involvement     820
Exploration     820
Christian Missions     820
The Colonial "Scramble for Africa"     821
African Resistance to Colonialism: The Rise of Nationalism     824
Summary     826
Review Questions     827
Key Terms     827
Documents CD-ROM     827
Religions of the World: Islam      828
Modern East Asia     831
Global Perspective: Modern East Asia     832
Modern China (1839-1949)     833
Close of Manchu Rule     833
The Opium War     833
Rebellions Against the Manchu     836
Self-Strengthening and Decline (1874-1895)     837
The Borderlands: The Northwest, Vietnam, and Korea     839
From Dynasty to Warlordism (1895-1926)     840
Cultural and Ideological Ferment: The May Fourth Movement     842
Nationalist China     844
Guomindang Unification of China and the Nanjing Decade (1927-1937)     844
War and Revolution (1937-1949)     846
Modern Japan (1853-1945)     848
Overthrow of the Tokugawa Bakufu (1853-1868)     848
Building the Meiji State (1868-1890)     849
Centralization of Power     850
Political Parties     850
The Constitution     851
Growth of a Modern Economy     852
First Phase: Model Industries     852
Second Phase: 1880s-1890s     853
Third Phase: 1905-1929     854
Fourth Phase: Depression and Recovery     855
The Politics of Imperial Japan (1890-1945)     855
From Confrontation to the Founding of the Seiyukai (1890-1900)     855
The Golden Years of Meiji     857
Rise of the Parties to Power     858
Militarism and War (1927-1945)     860
Japanese Militarism and German Nazism     863
Summary     864
Review Questions     865
Key Terms     865
Documents CD-ROM     865
Global Conflict and Change     866
Imperialism and World War I     871
Global Perspective: Imperialism and the Great War     872
Expansion of European Power and the "New Imperialism"     873
The New Imperialism     873
Motives for the New Imperialism: Economic Interpretation     875
Cultural, Religious, and Social Interpretations     875
Strategic and Political Interpretations: The Scramble for Africa     875
The Irrational Element     876
Emergence of the German Empire     877
Formation of the Triple Alliance (1873-1890)     877
Bismarck's Leadership (1873-1890)     878
Forging the Triple Entente (1890-1907)     879
World War I     881
The Road to War (1908-1914)     881
Sarajevo and the Outbreak of War (June-August 1914)      883
Strategies and Stalemate (1914-1917)     884
The Russian Revolution     889
End of World War I     891
Military Resolution     891
Settlement at Paris     893
Evaluation of the Peace     896
Summary     897
Review Questions     898
Key Terms     898
Documents CD-ROM     899
Depression, European Dictators, and the American New Deal     901
Global Perspective: The Interwar Period     902
After Versailles: Demands for Revision and Enforcement     903
Toward the Great Depression in Europe     903
Financial Tailspin     903
Problems in Agricultural Commodities     904
Depression and Government Policy     905
The Soviet Experiment     905
War Communism     906
The New Economic Policy     906
Stalin versus Trotsky     906
Decision for Rapid Industrialization     908
The Purges     909
The Fascist Experiment in Italy     911
Rise of Mussolini     911
The Fascists in Power     913
German Democracy and Dictatorship     913
The Weimar Republic      913
Depression and Political Deadlock     917
Hitler Comes to Power     917
Hitler's Consolidation of Power     918
The Police State     920
Women in Nazi Germany     921
The Great Depression and the New Deal in the United States     923
Economic Collapse     923
New Role for Government     924
Summary     926
Review Questions     927
Key Terms     927
Documents CD-ROM     927
World War II     929
Global Perspective: World War II     930
Again the Road to War (1933-1939)     931
Hitler's Goals     931
Destruction of Versailles     931
Italy Attacks Ethiopia     932
Remilitarization of the Rhineland     933
The Spanish Civil War     933
Austria and Czechoslovakia     934
Munich     936
The Nazi-Soviet Pact     937
World War II (1939-1945)     937
German Conquest of Europe     937
Battle of Britain     938
German Attack on Russia     939
Hitler's Europe     939
Racism and the Holocaust      941
The Road to Pearl Harbor     942
America's Entry into the War     944
The Tide Turns     944
Defeat of Nazi Germany     947
Fall of the Japanese Empire     947
The Cost of War     947
The Domestic Fronts     948
Germany: From Apparent Victory to Defeat     948
France: Defeat, Collaboration, and Resistance     951
Great Britain: Organization for Victory     952
The United States: American Women and African Americans in the War Effort     952
The Soviet Union: "The Great Patriotic War"     953
Preparations for Peace     953
The Atlantic Charter     954
Tehran     954
Yalta     955
Potsdam     955
Summary     956
Review Questions     957
Key Terms     957
Documents CD-ROM     957
The West Since World War II     959
Global Perspective: The West Since 1945     960
The Cold War Era     961
Initial Causes     961
Areas of Early Cold War Conflict     962
NATO and the Warsaw Pact     963
Crises of 1956     963
The Cold War Intensified     965
Detente and Afterward     966
European Society in the Second Half of the Twentieth Century and Beyond     967
Toward Western European Unification     967
Students and Popular Music     969
The Movement of Peoples     970
The New Muslim Population     971
New Patterns in the Work and Expectations of Women     972
Feminism     972
American Domestic Scene Since World War II     974
Truman and Eisenhower Administrations     974
Civil Rights     974
New Social Programs     975
The Vietnam War and Domestic Turmoil     975
The Watergate Scandal     976
The Triumph of Political Conservatism     976
The Soviet Union to 1989     977
The Khrushchev Years     977
Brezhnev     978
Communism and Solidarity in Poland     979
Gorbachev Attempts to Redirect the Soviet Union     980
1989: Year of Revolutions in Eastern Europe     980
Solidarity Reemerges in Poland     981
Hungary Moves Toward Independence     981
The Breach of the Berlin Wall and German Reunification     981
The Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia     982
Violent Revolution in Romania     982
The Collapse of the Soviet Union     983
Renunciation of Communist Political Monopoly     983
The August 1991 Coup     984
The Yeltsin Years     984
The Collapse of Yugoslavia and Civil War     987
Challenges to the Atlantic Alliance     988
Summary     990
Review Questions     991
Key Terms     991
Documents CD-ROM     991
East Asia: The Recent Decades     993
Global Perspective: Modern East Asia     994
Japan     996
The Occupation  ;    996
Parliamentary Politics     998
Economic Growth     999
Society and Culture     1001
Japan and the World     1005
China     1005
Soviet Period (1950-1960)     1005
The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution (1965-1976)     1007
China After Mao     1007
Taiwan     1011
Korea     1013
Korea as a Japanese Colony     1013
North and South     1013
Civil War and U.S. Involvement     1014
Recent Developments      1014
Vietnam     1016
The Colonial Backdrop     1016
The Anticolonial War     1017
The Vietnam War     1017
War with Cambodia     1019
Recent Developments     1019
Summary     1020
Review Questions     1021
Key Terms     1021
Documents CD-ROM     1021
Postcolonialism and Beyond     1023
Global Perspective: Democratization, Globalization, and Terrorism     1024
Beyond the Postcolonial Era     1025
Latin America Since 1945     1028
Revolutionary Challenges     1030
Pursuit of Stability Under the Threat of Revolution     1033
Continuity and Change in Recent Latin American History     1035
Postcolonial Africa     1035
The Transition to Independence     1035
The African Future     1039
Central, South, and Southeast Asia-The Islamic Heartland     1039
Turkey     1039
Iran and its Islamic Revolution     1040
Afghanistan and the Former Soviet Republics     1041
India     1042
Pakistan and Bangladesh     1044
Indonesia and Malaysia      1044
The Postcolonial Middle East     1045
New Nations in the Middle East     1045
The Arab-Israeli Conflict     1045
Middle Eastern Oil     1050
The Rise of Political Islamism     1050
Iraq and United States Intervention     1053
Summary     1055
Review Questions     1056
Key Terms     1056
Documents CD-ROM     1056
Glossary     G1
Suggested Readings     SR1
World History Documents CD-ROM     CD1
Index     I1
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