Heritage-Scape

Overview

Tourism today is recognized as the largest and fastest-growing industry in the world, capable of producing positive social and economic transformations especially in developing countries. Yet for UNESCO, it works in conjunction with World Heritage sites for a far more ambitious goal: to produce 'peace in the minds of men' by creating a new, global identity. Anthropologist and former tour operator Michael Di Giovine draws on ethnographic fieldwork, close policy analysis of UNESCO's major documents, and ...
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Overview

Tourism today is recognized as the largest and fastest-growing industry in the world, capable of producing positive social and economic transformations especially in developing countries. Yet for UNESCO, it works in conjunction with World Heritage sites for a far more ambitious goal: to produce 'peace in the minds of men' by creating a new, global identity. Anthropologist and former tour operator Michael Di Giovine draws on ethnographic fieldwork, close policy analysis of UNESCO's major documents, and professional experiences in Southeast Asia and Europe to provide a detailed examination of UNESCO's unusual effort to harness the phenomenon of globalization and the existence of cultural diversity for the purpose of creating 'peace in the minds of men' through its World Heritage program. He convincingly argues that UNESCO's designations are not impotent political performances that lead to the commercialization of local monuments for a touristic superstructure, but instead the building blocks of a new world system, an imaginative re-ordering of the world that knows no geopolitical boundaries but exists in the individual 'minds of men.' Di Giovine terms this system the heritage-scape, a real social structure that extends unbridled across the globe, spreading its mantra of 'unity in diversity.' Written for social scientists, heritage and tourism professionals, and the educated traveler, The Heritage-scape is an insightful, detailed, and expansive look at the politics and processes, histories and structures, and rituals and symbolisms of the interrelated phenomena of tourism, historic preservation, and UNESCO's World Heritage Program in Viet Nam, Cambodia, and across the world.
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Editorial Reviews

Journal Of Tourism and Cultural Change
Di Giovine's book is about possibly the largest broker of cultural meaning and institutional producer of 'heritage,' one which is virtually unimpeachable in its self-perpetuating discourse of legitimacy supported by ample cultural capital. Di Giovine offers a necessary critique, a deconstruction of both the tropes used by UNESCO in production of mythohistorical, disembedded heritage and a detailed look at the fractures in its universalizing agenda. Ultimately, the 'heritage-scape' is an important contribution to the discussion on the production of narratives and material culture of 'modernity'-defined through a normative experience of the past and a strategic structuring of that experience.
International Journal of Heritage Studies
The book opens challenging new opportunities to look at heritage and tourism markets. During the past few years studies in cultural anthropology, sociology and geography have emerged that focus on the global heritage system. Michael A. Di Giovine's refreshing insights into the heritage of humankind could enhance a new form of dialogue between conservation specialists, tour operators and anthropologists and give impetus to debates about different cultures and conservation schools. Such a debate could also be a contribution to intercultural dialogue.
Curator
Di Giovine makes a contribution to academic and professional understandings about the role of administrative culture as it relates to the global level of world heritage and tourism. Di Giovine draws on his experience as tour operator and ethnographer to assess the production of meaning at World Heritage sites.
Journal of Anthropological Research
The Heritage-Scape is a "global ethnography" which provides a comprehensive and critical analysis of the complex relationship between UNESCO, World Heritage, and tourism. Described in the book as an anthropologist and former tour guide, Di Giovine draws upon extensive fieldwork, his participation in the tour industry, and close readings of UNESCO documents and texts in order to form his insightful coverage of this triangular relationship…. This is an important book. Di Giovine undoubtedly succeeds in this attempt to analyze UNESCO's World Heritage program, moving effortlessly between detailed case study illustrations of World Heritage-related processes at specific sites, explanation of the workings and declarations of UNESCO, and more generalized discussion of the processes and implications of this inherently globalizing endeavor. Indeed, this is an anthropological study of globalization par excellence. It is therefore an essential book for a broad readership, including academics, researchers, and students in the fields of anthropology of globalization, tourism studies, cultural studies and heritage, as well as practitioners in the area of heritage tourism. Di Giovine is to be applauded for this timely and comprehensive examination of the contemporary World Heritage system.
Nelson Graburn
This is the most thorough and sophisticated examination of the UNESCO heritage system to date. The author, a former tour operator and now an anthropologist, examines the cultural construction of this system from a number of points of view. Using the anthropological works of Appadurai, Bruner, Kirshenblatt-Gimblett, Leite, Mazzarella and others, as well as the works of historians of art, museums and gardens, geographers of place-making, sociologists of authenticity, practice and memory, cultural theorists of cyberspace and educational theory, he carefully examines the origins, growth, applications and multivocalic reactions to the World Heritage making process. Although he examines events and monuments of Southeast Asia, especially Cambodia, and in Italy, especially Tuscany, in ethnographic detail, his knowledge of the heritage-making process is encyclopedic and critical. This is a book to be enjoyed for its timeliness, its revealing anecdotes, and its attention to contemporary social theory.
June 2009 Journal Of Tourism and Cultural Change
Di Giovine's book is about possibly the largest broker of cultural meaning and institutional producer of 'heritage,' one which is virtually unimpeachable in its self-perpetuating discourse of legitimacy supported by ample cultural capital. Di Giovine offers a necessary critique, a deconstruction of both the tropes used by UNESCO in production of mythohistorical, disembedded heritage and a detailed look at the fractures in its universalizing agenda. Ultimately, the 'heritage-scape' is an important contribution to the discussion on the production of narratives and material culture of 'modernity'-defined through a normative experience of the past and a strategic structuring of that experience.
Mike Robinson
Debates continue to rage about the economic, political, and socio-cultural significance attached to, and conferred by, the UNESCO designation of "World Heritage." What Michael di Giovine achieves in this important book, through detailed research and critical theoretical reflection, is to ground these debates in a comprehensive and compelling examination of the motivations, processes, networks, and people which not only shape the meanings of the past, but which also project into the future. He carefully reveals that the World Heritage program of UNESCO, and the tourism associated with this, extend well beyond notions of privileged material preservation and can be seen to encourage a universal discourse which connects and unites people, places, and pasts and which can catalyze possibilities for meaningful exchange, experience, and peace. This is clearly an essential book for all interested in the relationships and meanings which lie behind, and are generated by, the notion of World Heritage.
James Fernandez
The Heritage-scape: UNESCO, World Heritage and Tourism is a valuable compendium and very useful for those like ourselves who have worked near or in relation to World Heritage Sites. ... The book is worth bringing to people's attention.
July-September 2010 International Journal of Heritage Studies
The book opens challenging new opportunities to look at heritage and tourism markets. During the past few years studies in cultural anthropology, sociology and geography have emerged that focus on the global heritage system. Michael A. Di Giovine's refreshing insights into the heritage of humankind could enhance a new form of dialogue between conservation specialists, tour operators and anthropologists and give impetus to debates about different cultures and conservation schools. Such a debate could also be a contribution to intercultural dialogue.
July 2008 Curator
Di Giovine makes a contribution to academic and professional understandings about the role of administrative culture as it relates to the global level of world heritage and tourism. Di Giovine draws on his experience as tour operator and ethnographer to assess the production of meaning at World Heritage sites.
Conservation South Asia
Di Giovine terms the "UNESCO's newly ordered social structure" of World Heritage sites as the heritage-scape....The book is a project of global ethnography to conceptualize the notion, processes, and position of World Heritage Sites in contemporary globalized world….The book offers some unique perspectives regarding the relationship of heritage with tourism due to the author's experience as tour operator that brings in insights from within the tourism industry. The multi-sited ethnographic accounts of world heritage sites in the Southeast Asia is well weaved with discussion of how various players including the hosts, the guests and the heritage agencies interact in a complex network.
Journal Of Heritage Tourism
This book is a substantial monograph concerned with the interface between heritage and tourism. ... An innovative ethnography, …Di Giovine's work is successful in bringing to the fore the contingent, negotiated, and at times marginalising nature of World Heritage and mass tourism that happens in World Heritage sites in Southeast Asia. Of significance is his observation of the work of UNESCO beyond a designatory or list-making regime, and as a global ordering and placemaking process aimed at creating a peaceful transnational utopia. ... All in all, this is an exciting contribution to the field of heritage and tourism studies.
Cultural Geographies
Heritage-Scape is the most penetrating analysis of World Heritage to date and a thoughtful critical contribution to the grounding of heritage debates. Although it basically examines sites in Cambodia, the examples are well selected and analysed in depth to make a global analysis of the heritage-making process from almost all points of view. This gives rise to a deep text that is clear, comprehensive and full of suggestive ideas. It is incisive in its critical examinations, and offers various rich levels of readings that will surely encourage new approaches and studies of heritage in the broadest sense. It is definitely an essential book for anyone involved in heritage studies and - or- cultural geography.
Anthropology in Action
At the forefront of advocacy, creation of new mechanisms and the teaching and dissemination of a variety of approaches to save our field and fulfill the profession’s basic moral directive of protecting cultural integrity and diversity, both living and historic, giving teeth to the work of anthropologists more than a generation ago who have helped build global indigenous peoples movements, and international law with new declarations and pressures for enforcement, and in other ways.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780739114353
  • Publisher: Lexington Books
  • Publication date: 11/28/2008
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 542
  • Product dimensions: 5.80 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 1.50 (d)

Meet the Author

Michael A. Di Giovine is a socio-political researcher in the department of anthropology at the University of Chicago.
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Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction: Traveling Across Stones that Speak Chapter 2 Chapter 1. Mediating World Heritage: Authenticity and Fields of Production in World Heritage Chapter 3 Chapter 2. The Heritage-scape: UNESCO's Globalizing Endeavor Chapter 4 Chapter 3. "Unity in Diversity": The Heritage-scape's Meta-Narrative Claim Chapter 5 Chapter 4. Tourism: The Heritage-scape's Ritual Interaction Chapter 6 Chapter 5. Converting Local Places into Universal Heritage Chapter 7 Chapter 6. Politics and Personalities within the Heritage-scape: Narratives of Nature and Culture in Viet Nam Chapter 8 Chapter 7. Mummification of Local Cultures: The Cases of Ha Long and Hoi An Chapter 9 Chapter 8. Creating the Drama of the Destination: Managing, Interpreting, and Branding World Heritage Sites Chapter 10 Chapter 9. Preserving the Past: Value and the Emotional Efficacy of World Heritage Sites Chapter 11 Chapter 10. The Problematics of Preservation: Narrative and Practice in Angkor Archaeological Park Chapter 12 Chapter 11. Raising Awareness, Re-Presenting the Heritage-scape: Fragmentary and Reproducible Re-Presentations Chapter 13 Conclusion: The Future of the Heritage-scape
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