Hidden Horrors / Edition 1

Hidden Horrors / Edition 1

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by Yuki Tanaka, Toshiyuki Tanaka
     
 


This book documents for the first time previously hidden Japanese atrocities in World War II, including cannibalism; the slaughter and starvation of prisoners of war; the rape, enforced prostitution, and murder of noncombatants; and biological warfare experiments.The author describes how desperate Japanese soldiers consumed the flesh of their own comrades killed… See more details below

Overview


This book documents for the first time previously hidden Japanese atrocities in World War II, including cannibalism; the slaughter and starvation of prisoners of war; the rape, enforced prostitution, and murder of noncombatants; and biological warfare experiments.The author describes how desperate Japanese soldiers consumed the flesh of their own comrades killed in fighting as well as that of Australians, Pakistanis, and Indians. Another chapter traces the fate of 65 shipwrecked Australian nurses and British soldiers who were shot or stabbed to death by Japanese soldiers. Thirty-two other nurses, who landed on another island, were captured and sent to Sumatra to become “comfort women”—prostitutes for Japanese soldiers. Tanaka recounts how thousands of Australian and British POWs died in the infamous Sandakan camp in the Borneo jungle in 1945. Those who survived were forced to endure a tortuous 160-mile march on which anyone who dropped out of line was immediately shot. Only six escapees lived to tell the tale.Based on exhaustive research in previously closed archives, this book represents a landmark analysis of Japanese war crimes. The author explores individual atrocities in their broader social, psychological, and institutional milieu and places Japanese behavior during the war in the broader context of the dehumanization of men at war—without denying individual and national responsibility.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780813327181
Publisher:
Westview Press
Publication date:
01/01/1998
Series:
Transitions: Asia and Asian America Series
Edition description:
First Edition
Pages:
308
Product dimensions:
0.69(w) x 6.00(h) x 9.00(d)
Lexile:
1460L (what's this?)

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
Foreword
Acknowledgments
Author's Note
Introduction1
1The Sandakan POW Camp and the Geneva Convention11
The Forgotten POW Camp11
Establishment of the Camp and the Labor Issue12
Escapes and Nonescape Contracts18
The Sandakan Incident and the Kempeitai23
The System and Purpose of Gunritsu Kaigi29
Mistreatment of POWs and the Formosan Guards34
2The Sandakan Death Marches and the Elimination of POWs45
The First Death March45
The Second Death March52
The Elimination and Crucifixion of POWs59
Responsibility for Maltreatment and Massacre of POWs67
Japanese POW Policy70
The Psychology of Cruelty74
3Rape and War: The Japanese Experience79
Rape and the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal79
The Massacre of Nurses a Banka Island81
The Threat of Prostitution88
The Establishment of Comfort Houses92
The Universality of Rape in War100
War, Rape, and Patriarchy105
4Judge Webb and Japanese Cannibalism111
The Tokyo Tribunal and Cannibalism111
Evidence of Japanese Cannibalism112
Allied Victims of Cannibalism115
Cannibalism of Asian POWs120
Cannibalism of the Indigenous Population124
Starvation and Group Psychosis126
Responsibility and Reaction129
Aftermath of the Tribunal131
5Japanese Biological Warfare Plans and Experiments on POWs135
Unit 731 and Biological Warfare Plans135
Biological Warfare Plans in the Southwest Pacific139
POWs in Rabaul and Medical Experiments145
Australian Responses to Experiments on POWs157
The Ethics of Japanese Military Doctors and "Doubling"160
6Massacre of Civilians at Kavieng167
The Japanese Invasion of Kavieng167
Discovery of the Akikaze Massacre171
Responsibility Under the Australian War Crimes Act179
A Clue to the Discovery of the Kavieng Massacre182
Reconstruction of Events at Kavieng185
Japanese Soldiers, International Law, and Gyokusai193
Conclusion: Understanding Japanese Brutality in the Asia-Pacific War197
The Japanese Concept of Basic Human Rights197
Japanese Moral Concepts and the Emperor Ideology201
The Corruption of Bushido206
Toward Further Research212
Notes217
About the Book and Author251
Index253

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