High-Yield Behavioral Science / Edition 4

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Overview


High-Yield™ Behavioral Science, Fourth Edition presents a concise review of the behavioral science material tested on the USMLE Step 1. The High-Yield™ outline format, with tables, diagrams, photographs, and images to clarify important material, provides a concentrated, efficient review for both course exams and the USMLE. Patient Snapshots present clinical scenarios and pose specific questions. Annotated answers and explanations appear at the end of each chapter. This edition is thoroughly updated, consistent with DSM-IV-TR, and reorganized into six major sections: The Life Cycle; Biological and Psychological Bases of Behavior; Psychopathology; Social Behavior; The Practice of Medicine; and Epidemiology and Statistics.
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Editorial Reviews

From The Critics
Reviewer: Valerie E Mathis-Allen, MD (Pine Rest Christian Mental Health Services)
Description: This book is designed to provide medical students with concise, clear presentations of topics commonly tested on the USMLE step 1. It uses a "Patient Snapshot" feature icon that describes scenarios and asks questions on pertinent clinical topics and disorders with the answers and explanations provided at the end of each chapter. The previous edition was published in 2009.
Purpose: The purpose is to help students prepare for step 1 of the USMLE.
Audience: Although intended for medical students, this book could be helpful for residents and any practitioners interested in a quick, easy-to-understand overview of psychiatric topics.
Features: The book covers developmental psychology, learning theory, psychopathology, sleep, substance-related disorders, human sexuality, social behavior, physician-patient relationships, healthcare delivery, medical ethics, epidemiology, and statistics. It is written in an outline format with many easy-to-understand tables. The best features are the short chapters with clear, concise presentations of information as well as the use of the "Patient Snapshots" to provide memorable scenarios and pose specific questions about relevant topics and disorders. The only shortcomings are the unappealing cover and the lack of color in the book.
Assessment: This is a goldmine of information. While it is written for the medical students, it is a valuable quick review for any practitioner interested in psychiatric topics. It reviews, clarifies, illustrates, and explains difficult concepts with interesting patient scenarios, tables, and questions and answers.
Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Valerie E Mathis-Allen, MD (Pine Rest Christian Mental Health Services)
Description: This book is designed to provide medical students with concise, clear presentations of topics commonly tested on the USMLE step 1. It uses a "Patient Snapshot" feature icon that describes scenarios and asks questions on pertinent clinical topics and disorders with the answers and explanations provided at the end of each chapter. The previous edition was published in 2009.
Purpose: The purpose is to help students prepare for step 1 of the USMLE.
Audience: Although intended for medical students, this book could be helpful for residents and any practitioners interested in a quick, easy-to-understand overview of psychiatric topics.
Features: The book covers developmental psychology, learning theory, psychopathology, sleep, substance-related disorders, human sexuality, social behavior, physician-patient relationships, healthcare delivery, medical ethics, epidemiology, and statistics. It is written in an outline format with many easy-to-understand tables. The best features are the short chapters with clear, concise presentations of information as well as the use of the "Patient Snapshots" to provide memorable scenarios and pose specific questions about relevant topics and disorders. The only shortcomings are the unappealing cover and the lack of color in the book.
Assessment: This is a goldmine of information. While it is written for the medical students, it is a valuable quick review for any practitioner interested in psychiatric topics. It reviews, clarifies, illustrates, and explains difficult concepts with interesting patient scenarios, tables, and questions and answers.

4 Stars! from Doody
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781451130300
  • Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
  • Publication date: 7/15/2012
  • Series: High-Yield Series
  • Edition description: Fourth
  • Edition number: 4
  • Pages: 144
  • Sales rank: 778,534
  • Product dimensions: 6.80 (w) x 9.90 (h) x 0.30 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface ix

Acknowledgments xi

1 Child Development 1

I Infancy: Birth to 15 Months 1

II The Toddler Years: 16 Months-2½ Years 3

III The Preschooler: 3-6 Years 4

IV School Age: 7-11 Years 5

2 Adolescence and Adulthood 7

I Adolescence: 11-20 Years 7

II Early Adulthood: 20-40 Years 8

III Middle Adulthood: 40-65 Years 9

3 Aging, Death, and Bereavement 11

I Aging 11

II Drying, Death, and Bereavement 12

4 Psychodynamic Theory and Defense Mechanisms 14

I Freud's Theories of the Mind 14

II Psychoanalysis and Related Therapies 14

III Defense Mechanisms 15

5 Learning Theory and Behavioral Medicine 18

I Overview 18

II Habituation and Sensitization 18

III Classical Conditioning 18

IV Operant Conditioning 19

V Application of Behavioral Techniques to Medicine 21

6 Substance-Related Disorders 23

I Overview of Substance-Related Disorders 23

II Neurotransmitter Associations 23

III Identifying Substance Use Disorders 25

IV Management of Substance Use Disorders 27

7 Sleep 28

I The Awake State and the Normal Sleep State 28

II Sleep Disorders 28

8 The Genetics of Behavior 33

I Genetics Studies 33

II Genetic Origins of Psychiatric Disorders 33

III Genetic Origins of Neuropsychiatric Disorders 34

IV Alcoholism 36

9 Behavioral Neuroanatomy and Neurochemistry 37

I Neuroanatomy 37

II Neurotransmission 37

III Biogenic Amines 39

IV Amino Acid Neurotransmitters are Involved in Most Synapses in the Brain 41

10 Psychopharmacology 42

I Agents Used to Treat Psychosis 42

II Agents Used to Treat Mood Disorders 42

III Agents Used to Treat Anxiety 48

IV Psychoactive Medications in Pregnancy 49

11 Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders 51

I Psychiatric Disorders: The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th Edition, Text Revision [DSM-IV-TRI]) and 5th Edition (DSM-5) 51

II Overview of Schizophrenia and the Psychotic Disorders 52

III Etiology 54

IV Clinical Signs and Symptoms 54

V Prognosis and Management 55

12 Mood Disorders 57

I Definition, Categories, and Epidemiology 57

II Etiology 58

III Clinical Signs and Symptoms 59

IV Differential Diagnosis, Prognosis, and Management 59

13 Cognitive Disorders 61

I Overview 61

II Dementia of the Alzheimer Type (Alzheimer Disease) 62

14 Other Psychiatric Disorders 65

I Anxiety Disorders 65

II Somatoform Disorders, Factitious Disorder, and Malingering 66

III Personality Disorders 67

IV Dissociative Disorders 69

V Obesity and Eating Disorders 69

VI Neuropsychiatric Disorders in Childhood 71

15 Suicide 74

I Epidemiology 74

II Suicidal Behavior 74

III Risk Factors 74

16 Tests to Determine Neuropsychological Functioning 77

I Overview 77

II Intelligence Tests 77

III Personality Tests 78

IV Neuropsychological Tests 78

V Psychological Evaluation of Patients with Psychiatric Symptoms 79

VI Biological Evaluation of Patients with Psychiatric Symptoms 80

17 The Family, Culture, and Illness 83

I The Family 83

II United States Culture 84

18 Sexuality 86

I Sexual Development 86

II The Biology of Sexuality in Adulthood 87

III Sexual Dysfunction and Paraphilias 88

IV Special Issues in Sexuality: Illness, Injury, and Aging 90

V Drugs and Sexuality 91

19 Violence and Abuse 93

I Violence 93

II Abuse and Neglect of Children and the Elderly 94

III Physical and Sexual Abuse of Domestic Partners 96

IV Sexual Aggression: Rape and Related Crimes 96

20 The Physician-Patient Relationship 98

I Communicating with Patients 98

II The Ill Patient 102

III Adherence 103

IV Stress and Illness 104

V Special Patient Populations 105

21 Health Care Delivery 107

I Health Care Delivery Systems 107

II Physicians 108

III Cost of Health Care 109

IV Health Insurance 109

V Demographics of Health 110

22 Legal and Ethical Issues in Medical Practice 112

I Professional Behavior 112

II Legal Competence and Capacity 113

III Informed Consent 113

IV Confidentiality 114

V Infectious Diseases 115

VI Advance Directives 115

VII Death and Euthanasia 116

23 Epidemiology 118

I Overview 118

II Research Study Design 118

III Measurement of Risk 119

IV Testing 120

24 Statistical Analyses 125

I Variables and Measures of Dispersion and Central Tendency 125

II Hypothesis Testing 127

III Statistical Tests 128

Index 131

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