High-Yield Biostatistics, Epidemiology, and Public Health / Edition 4

High-Yield Biostatistics, Epidemiology, and Public Health / Edition 4

by Anthony N. Glaser
     
 

ISBN-10: 1451130171

ISBN-13: 9781451130171

Pub. Date: 03/02/2013

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

High-Yield™ Biostatistics, Epidemiology, and Public Health, Fourth Edition provides a concise review of the biostatistics concepts that are tested in the USMLE Step 1. Information is presented in an easy-to-follow format, with High-Yield Points that help students focus on the most important USMLE Step 1 facts. The High-Yield™

…  See more details below

Overview

High-Yield™ Biostatistics, Epidemiology, and Public Health, Fourth Edition provides a concise review of the biostatistics concepts that are tested in the USMLE Step 1. Information is presented in an easy-to-follow format, with High-Yield Points that help students focus on the most important USMLE Step 1 facts. The High-Yield™ outline format, with tables, diagrams, photographs, and images to clarify important material, provides a concentrated, efficient review for both course exams and the USMLE.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781451130171
Publisher:
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Publication date:
03/02/2013
Series:
High-Yield Series
Pages:
168
Sales rank:
681,516
Product dimensions:
7.02(w) x 10.00(h) x 0.23(d)

Table of Contents

Statistical Symbols inside front cover

Preface ix

1 Descriptive Statistics 1

Populations, Samples, and Elements 1

Probability 1

Types of Data 2

Frequency Distributions 3

Measures of Central Tendency 8

Measures of Variability 9

Z Scores 12

2 Inferential Statistics 15

Statistics and Parameters 15

Estimating the Mean of a Population 19

t Scores 21

3 Hypothesis Testing 24

Steps of Hypothesis Testing 24

Z-Tests 28

The Meaning of Statistical Significance 28

Type I and Type II Errors 28

Power of Statistical Tests 29

Directional Hypotheses 31

Testing for Differences between Groups 32

Post Hoc Testing and Subgroup Analyses 33

Nonparametric and Distribution-Free Tests 34

4 Correlational and Predictive Techniques 36

Correlation 36

Regression 38

Survival Analysis 40

Choosing an Appropriate Inferential or Correlational Technique 43

5 Asking Clinical Questions: Research Methods 45

Simple Random Samples 46

Stratified Random Samples 46

Cluster Samples 46

Systematic Samples 46

Experimental Studies 46

Research Ethics and Safety 51

Nonexperimental Studies 53

6 Answering Clinical Questions I: Searching for and Assessing the Evidence 59

Hierarchy of Evidence 60

Systematic Reviews 60

7 Answering Clinical Questions II: Statistics in Medical Decision Making 68

Validity 68

Reliability 69

Reference Values 69

Sensitivity and Specificity 70

Receiver Operating Characteristic Curves 74

Predictive Values 75

Likelihood Ratios 77

Prediction Rules 80

Decision Analysis 81

8 Epidemiology and Population Health 86

Epidemiology and Overall Health 86

Measures of Life Expectancy 88

Measures of Disease Frequency 88

Measurement of Risk 92

9 Ultra-High-Yield Review 101

References 105

Index 107

Read More

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >