Higher Education and International Student Mobility in the Global Knowledge Economy

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Demonstrates how the international mobility of students, scholars, programs, and institutions of higher education evolved over time, and the ways in which it is occurring in today’s global knowledge economy.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
...Gürüz undertakes the very difficult task of presenting the changing flows of international students across countries and history ... Higher Education and International Student Mobility in the Global Knowledge Economy provides a balanced, comprehensive overview of international student mobility while recognizing the powerful role of market forces on the shifting educational landscape.— Comparative Education Review

"...Gürüz's book is a powerful and remarkably comprehensive work dealing with a wide array of interconnected topics and complex data relating to globalisation and international student mobility ... [it] is a wonderful read on many levels and clearly represents decades of careful data analysis and synthesis."— International Review of Education

"Higher education has exploded globally, and Gürüz's excellent, timely study is as useful a guidebook as one will find to this new (even revolutionary) world."— CHOICE

"Gürüz does a nice job of relating the theme of mobility to the historical development of higher education and other trends over time. He brings an important cross-cultural perspective to the topic."— Philip G. Altbach, coeditor of The Racial Crisis in American Higher Education: Continuing Challenges for the Twenty-first Century, Revised Edition

"The book is a grand sweep of the history of higher education from an international comparative perspective, with country-by-country descriptions of institutional patterns, enrollments, governance, recent trends in relationships to the state, the emergence and growth of private institutions, the diversification of revenues, and the increasing internationalization of knowledge, students, scholars, and institutional providers."— D. Bruce Johnstone, coeditor of Cost-sharing and Accessibility in Higher Education: A Fairer Deal?"
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780791474136
  • Publisher: State University of New York Press
  • Publication date: 4/10/2008
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 300
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

Kemal Gürüz is Former President of the Council of Higher Education of the Republic of Turkey and retired Professor of Chemical Engineering at the Middle East Technical University. In 2005, he was the first recipient of the Chancellor John W. Ryan Fellowship in International Education at the State University of New York.

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Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
List of Abbreviations

1. The Global Knowledge Economy and Higher Education

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Globalization and the Knowledge Economy

1.2.1 The Industrial Society
1.2.2 Transformation to the Knowledge Society and the Global Knowledge Economy

1.3 The Global Higher Education Agenda

2. Enrollment and Increasing Demand

2.1 Increasing Demand
2.2 Demographic Shift and Nontraditional Students
2.3 Increasing Demand and International Student Mobility

3. The Rise of Market Forces

3.1 Historical Background

3.2 Public Spending and Tuition Fees

3.3 Private Institutions

3.4 Changing Patterns of Governance

3.4.1 Historical Background
3.4.2 The State, the Academia, and the Society as Actors in Governance
3.4.3 Transformation from the Regulatory to the Evaluative State
3.4.4 Spread of Lay Governance, Strengthened Institutional Leadership, and a Redefinition of Autonomy

3.5 The Rise of Market Forces in Relation to International Student Mobility

4. New Providers of Higher Education

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Impact of Technology

4.3 Impact of Technology on Traditional Institutions

4.3.1 Distributed Learning
4.3.2 Virtual Arms and Unbundling of Services in Traditional Institutions

4.4 Types of New Providers

4.4.1. Consortia and Networks
4.4.2. For-Profit Higher Education
4.4.3. Virtual Universities
4.4.4. Corporate Universities
4.4.5. Certificate Programs
4.4.6. Museums, Libraries, Publishers, and Media Enterprises
4.4.7. Academic Brokers
4.4.8. Franchises and Branch Campuses

4.5 The Global Higher Education Market

5 Globalization and Internationalization of Higher Education

5.1 Historical Antecedents

5.1.1 International Academic Mobility in the Greco-Roman and the Muslim Worlds
5.1.2 International Academic Mobility in Medieval Times
5.1.3 International Academic Mobility: 1500–1800
5.1.4 The Birth of the Napoleonic University and the German Research University
5.1.5 International Academic Mobility in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries
5.1.6 The Emergence of the Modern American University

5.2 Globalization and Internationalization of Higher Education since 1950

5.3 Definition of Terms

5.3.1 Globalization and Internationalization
5.3.2 Rationales for Internationalization of Higher Education

5.4 The European Response: The Bologna Process

5.4.1. Chronological Background
5.4.2. An Evaluation of the Bologna Process

5.5 GATS: A “Commercial/Anglo-Saxon Response”

5.6 Quality Assurance in Transnational Higher Education: “Multinational Organizational Responses”

5.7 The Global Higher Education Agenda and International Student Mobility

6 International Student Mobility

6.1 The Global Picture Today

6.2 Major Host Countries

6.2.1 United States of America Enrollment Statistics An Evaluation of Internationalization Policies of the United States

6.2.2 The United Kingdom

6.2.3 Germany

6.2.4 France

6.2.5 Australia

6.2.6 Other Major and Emerging Host Countries: Japan, Russia, Canada, and New Zealand Japan Russia Canada New Zealand

6.3 Major Countries of Origin of Foreign Students

6.3.1 China: A Major Source Country and an Emerging Major Host Country
6.3.2 India
6.3.3 Other Major Countries of Origin

6.4 Regional Breakdown of International Student Mobility

6.5 International Student Mobility and International Migration

Concluding Remarks

Appendix A: Data on Enrollment and Expenditures in National Systems and International Student Mobility
Appendix B: Definition of Terms Related to Evaluation and Quality Assurance
Appendix C: The European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System and the Diploma Supplement
Appendix D: Recognition of Qualifications in Europe
Appendix E: Education, Training, and Youth Programs of the European Union
Appendix F: Definitions of Foreign Students
Appendix G: General Agreement on Trade in Services


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