Hind Swaraj or the Indian Home Ruleby Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Mahatma Gandhi, M.K. Gandhi
The doctrine of violence is more widely believed in than is generally realised. The votaries of violence can be divided into two classes. Some, a small and dwindling class, believe in it and are prepared to act according to their
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Hind Swaraj or the Indian Home Rule by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi aka M.K. Gandhi aka Mahatma Gandhi; Fifth Edition
The doctrine of violence is more widely believed in than is generally realised. The votaries of violence can be divided into two classes. Some, a small and dwindling class, believe in it and are prepared to act according to their faith. Others, a very large class always, and now, after bitter experiences of the failure of constitutional agitation, larger than ever, believe in violence, but that belief does not lead them to action. It disables them from work on any basis other than force. The belief in violence serves to dissuade them from all other kinds of work or sacrifice. In both cases the evil is great.
There can be no reconstruction or hope for this land of ours, unless we eradicate the worship of force in all its forms, and establish work on a basis other than violence. A refutation of the doctrine of violence is, in the present situation of the affairs of our country, more necessary than ever.
To this end, nothing better can be conceived than the publication and wide distribution of Mr. Gandhi’s famous book.
It was extremely patriotic of Messrs. Ganesh and Company to have readily agreed to undertake the work when they were approached with the request.
I have re-read this booklet more than once. The value at the present moment lies in re-printing it as it is. But if I had to revise it, there is only one word I would alter in accordance with a promise made to an English friend. She took exception to my use of the word ‘prostitute’ in speaking of the Parliament. Her fine taste recoiled from the indelicacy of the expression. I remind the reader that the booklet purports to be a free translation of the original which is in Gujarati.
After years of endeavour to put into practice the views expressed in the following pages, I feel that the way shown therein is the only true way to Swaraj. Satyagrah--the law of love is the Law of life. Departure from it leads to disintegration. A firm adherence to it leads to regeneration.
28th May, 1919.
M. K. GANDHI.
Reply to Critics
Chapter 1. The Congress and Its Officials
Chapter 2. The Partition of Bengal
Chapter 3. Discontent and Unrest
Chapter 4. What Is Swaraj?
Chapter 5. The Condition of England
Chapter 6. Civilization
Chapter 7. Why Was India Lost?
Chapter 8. The Condition of India
Chapter 9. The Condition of India (Continued) - Railways
Chapter 10. The Condition of India (Continued) - The Hindus and the Mahomedans
Chapter 11. The Condition of India (Continued) - Lawyers
Chapter 12. The Condition of India (Continued) - Doctors
Chapter 13. What Is True Civilization?
Chapter 14. How Can India Become Free?
Chapter 15. Italy and India
Chapter 16. Brute-Force
Chapter 17. Passive Resistance
Chapter 18. Education
Chapter 19. Machinery
Chapter 20. Conclusion
- Denise Henry
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