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Hippocrates

Overview

Hippocrates, considered for more than two thousand years the father of medicine, came over time to be credited with a life of mythic proportions and an enormous body of work. Hippocrates' pronouncements on health, disease, and prognosis went unchallenged in the Western world until scientific advances in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries made many of his ideas obsolete. And yet medical students in the United States and Europe still recite the Hippocratic oath upon completion of their studies. In view of ...

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Overview

Hippocrates, considered for more than two thousand years the father of medicine, came over time to be credited with a life of mythic proportions and an enormous body of work. Hippocrates' pronouncements on health, disease, and prognosis went unchallenged in the Western world until scientific advances in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries made many of his ideas obsolete. And yet medical students in the United States and Europe still recite the Hippocratic oath upon completion of their studies. In view of Hippocrates' exceptional importance in the history of medicine, it may seem surprising that our knowledge of this fifth century b.c. Greek physician should be so incomplete.

Nonetheless, Jacques Jouanna contends that a great deal can be concluded about the life and works of Hippocrates. Published to both critical and popular acclaim in France, Hippocrates reveals a man who was not only the greatest of the ancient physicians but also a philosopher of unrecognized ability and consequence who influenced both Plato and Aristotle; a historian who was the equal of Herodotus and Thucydides as a writer and superior to them in his powers of observation and analysis; and a master of tragical narrative who bears comparison with Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides. Now that Hippocrates has at last emerged from the hagiographic mists of Byzantium and medieval Europe, the justice of his reputation as one of the greatest figures of antiquity can be more fully appreciated.

Johns Hopkins University Press

Published to both critical and popular acclaim in France in 1992, Hippocrates reveals a man who was not only the greatest of the ancient physicians but also a philosopher of unrecognized ability and consequence who influenced both Plato and Aristotle; a historian who was the equal of Herodotus and Thucydides as a writer and superior to them in his powers of observation and analysis; and a master of tragical narrative who bears comparison with Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides, the great playwrights of the classical period.

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Editorial Reviews

Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
The book is refreshing in that Jouanna seems to feel almost on personal terms with Hippocrates, and it is a good introduction to the subject in terms of the number of issues he addresses and the breadth of citation from the primary sources.

— Lesley Dean-Jones

Religious Studies Review
Jouanna's acquaintance with the text is probably unsurpassed.

— Anthony Preus

International Journal of the Classical Tradition

If one is searching for a beginning book on Hippocrates and Greek medicine as a whole, Jacques Jouanna's work is a splendid introduction.

Le Monde

A beautiful and rich study.

Social History of Medicine
Jouanna boldly cuts through controversy to present a lucid and highly readable narrative.

— E. M. Craik

Social History of Medicine - E. M. Craik

Jouanna boldly cuts through controversy to present a lucid and highly readable narrative.

Religious Studies Review - Anthony Preus

Jouanna's acquaintance with the text is probably unsurpassed.

Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences - Lesley Dean-Jones

The book is refreshing in that Jouanna seems to feel almost on personal terms with Hippocrates, and it is a good introduction to the subject in terms of the number of issues he addresses and the breadth of citation from the primary sources.

New England Journal of Medicine
I hardly need to say that I unreservedly recommend Jouanna's highly readable, thoroughly documented survey of Hippocratic medicine in pre-Hellenistic Greece -- its origins, concepts, and influence. The influence of Hippocratic medicine on desiderata in practice and, especially, on medical ethics persists today, even though today's practitioners may be unaware that at least some of what they believe is Hippocratic. This survey should be read by all who would like to understand the foundations, laid more than two millennia ago, of today's medicine.
Lesley Dean-Jones
The book is refreshing in that Jouanna seems to feel almost on personal terms with Hippocrates,and it is a good introduction to the subject in terms of the number of issues he addresses and the breadth of citation from the primary sources.
Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
Anthony Preus
Jouanna's acquaintance with the text is probably unsurpassed.
Religious Studies Review
Le Monde
A beautiful and rich study.
E. M. Craik
Jouanna boldly cuts through controversy to present a lucid and highly readable narrative.
Social History of Medicine
Booknews
This is an English translation of the 1992 French work (Librairie Arth<`e>me Fayard). Medical advances and scholarly skepticism in the 19th and 20th centuries changed the common view of Hippocrates from that of a figure of almost mythic proportions, to one about whom, it was assumed, there was not enough known to assert anything definitive about his life, or even about his authorship of the texts attributed to him. Jouanna (Greek literature and civilization, Sorbonne) contends that historical evidence does support Hippocrates' authorship, as well as his authority as an uniquely talented physician, philosopher, historian, and even tragedian. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780801868184
  • Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press
  • Publication date: 2/23/2001
  • Series: Medicine and Culture Series
  • Edition description: REPRINT
  • Pages: 536
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.25 (d)

Meet the Author

Jacques Jouanna is professor of Greek literature and civilization at the Sorbonne (University of Paris-IV).

Johns Hopkins University Press

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Table of Contents

Translator's Note
Preface
Pt. I Hippocrates the Asclepiad
1 Hippocrates of Cos 3
2 Hippocrates the Thessalian 25
3 Hippocrates and the School of Cos 42
4 Writings in Search of an Author 56
Pt. II The Physician in the Practice of His Art
5 The Physician and the Public 75
6 The Physician and the Patient 112
7 The Physician and the Disease 141
Pt. III Hippocrates and the Thought of His Time
8 Hippocratic Rationalism and the Divine 181
9 Hippocrates and the Birth of the Human Sciences 210
10 Challenges to Medicine and the Birth of Epistemology 243
11 Medicine in Crisis and the Reaction against Philosophy 259
Pt. IV The Grandeur and Limits of Hippocratism
12 From Observation of the Visible to Reconstruction of the Invisible 291
13 Health, Sickness, and Nature 323
14 The Legacy of Hippocratism in Antiquity 348
List of Abbreviations 367
App. 1 The Oath 369
App. 2 An Honorary Decree in Praise of a Physician of Cos 370
App. 3 The Treatises of the Hippocratic Collection 373
Notes 417
Bibliography 481
Index of Passages Cited 495
General Index 506
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