Hispaniola: Caribbean Chiefdoms in the Age of Columbus / Edition 2

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Overview

In 1492 the island of Hispaniola was inhabited by the Ta&iactue;no, an Indian group whose ancestors had moved into the Caribbean archipelago from lowland South America more than 1,500 years before. They were organized politically into large cacicazgos, or chiefdoms, comprising 70 or more villages under the authority of a paramount cacique, or chief. From the first voyage on, Columbus made Hispaniola his primary base for operations in the New World. Over the subsequent decades, disease, warfare, famine, and enslavement brought about the destruction of the Ta&iactue;no chiefdoms and almost completely annihilated the aboriginal population of the island.

This book examines the early years of the contact period in the Caribbean and in narrative form reconstructs the social and political organization of the Ta&iactue;no. Wilson describes in detail the interactions between the Ta&iactue;no and the Spaniards, with special attention paid to the structure and functioning of the Ta&iactue;no chiefdoms. By providing additional information from archaeology and recent ethnography, he builds a rich context within which to understand the Ta&iactue;no and their responses to the Europeans.

The Ta&iactue;no are especially important in a New World context because they represent a society undergoing rapid sociopolitical change and becoming more complex through time. The early contact period on Hispaniola gives us a rich ethnohistorical glimpse of the political processes of a complex New World society before (and during) its destruction brought about by the arrival of the Europeans.

Samuel M. Wilson is Assistant Professor of Anthropology at the University of Texas at Austin.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"An important contribution not only to the literature of the contact period and to Caribbean anthropology, but also to the refinement of multidisciplinary efforts in the social sciences to understand the past."
&#151American Anthropologist

"Samuel Wilson has brought together a wealth of extremely valuable information concerning the proto-historic contact period on Hispaniola.....An impressive book." --William F. Keegan, The Florida State Museum

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780817304621
  • Publisher: University of Alabama Press
  • Publication date: 10/30/1990
  • Edition description: 1
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 184
  • Lexile: 1350L (what's this?)
  • Product dimensions: 5.75 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Samuel M. Wilson is an Assistant Professor of Anthropology at the University of Texas at Austin.

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