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From The CriticsReviewer: Bryn Taylor Haws, D.O.(University of Kansas Medical Center)
Description: This book provides a strong foundation of normal basic histology with a focus on the cytological, structural, and physiological features that are essential for practicing pathologists. This edition builds on the 2007 edition, with incremental advances in our understanding of immunohistochemistry and variations within normal tissue.
Purpose: It provides a much-needed bridge between normal histology and pathological alterations. It is exceptional among histology books because of its focus on information that is pertinent to the understanding and diagnosis of pathological disease, leaving out the minute details that are often obscure and a barrier to learning and have little relevance to the daily practice of pathology. The objective of this edition is to provide updated information on the understanding of normal tissue, variations of normal, prepathological, and pathological conditions. While some chapters have little in the way of updated information (heart), other chapters detail significant changes that reflect the ever increasing knowledge of immunohistochemistry and normal variations. These changes are particularly evident in the bone marrow and prostate chapters, with minor updates noted in other chapters, such as the breast.
Audience: "Written by pathologists for pathologists, this book will be a useful resource for pathologists at all levels of training in all subspecialties. "
Features: Organized by organ systems, the book covers the normal histology for each tissue type from a pathologist's perspective, evaluating the pertinent histological details that aid in understanding pathological processes. Each chapter is organized in a similar fashion: a table at the beginning summarizes the topics it covers, listing page numbers, allowing for a quick reference. A short introduction briefly highlights the importance of the normal histological structure to pathological conditions. This may be followed by embryological or historical information, discussed in greater detail when pertinent to the pathological understanding of the tissue (kidney), but omitted when it would be of little benefit (gallbladder). Tables, section headings, and charts have been updated from the third edition, with a more pleasing structure that is also easier to read. Many tables summarize detailed information in a concise manner that makes it much easier to comprehend and, where necessary, have been updated, such as in the bone marrow chapter, to emphasize advances in immunohistochemistry in evaluating normal and pathological conditions. The illustrations are of high quality, with detailed captions and identifying markers. The incidental findings and artifacts commonly encountered in biopsy specimens that can be confusing and time consuming when interpreting slides are covered particularly well; these are often omitted from other books. Small artistic changes could improve the look and use of the book. The table of contents uses a different histological illustration for each chapter; this illustration could have been carried throughout the entire book, with section headings displaying the illustration for that chapter rather than using the same graphic for all chapters. In the same vein, color coding for each chapter along the page edges could help when moving from chapter to chapter, so that the chapter color in the table of contents could be quickly identified and quickly referenced. A glossary, with commonly used histological and pathological terms for tissue description would also be a valuable tool, especially when comparing growth patterns (glandular, trabecular, syncytial) that separate different tissue types.
Assessment: Normal histology is the foundation for diagnosing disease. A histology book focused on bridging the gap between histology and pathology is a much-needed resource for pathologists. This fourth edition provides updated information on the incremental advances in our understanding of immunohistochemistry and variations of normal tissue, which certainly warrants a new edition.