Historic Textiles, Papers, and Polymers in Museums

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Reviews the scientific methods used to examine artifacts and art objects in order to accurately assess their condition and prescribe care, exhibition and storage. The volume discusses the aging of natural and synthetic polymers such as wool, cotton, silk, paper, wood and polymers used in sculptures, photographs, film and other media.
Important analytical methods such as size exclusion, chromatography,
viscometry, and gel electrophoresis, are described in assessing damage in silk textiles. Microchemical manipulation, light microscopy and
FTIR spectroscopy techniques are described in the analysis of historic cotton fibers, including those from a marine environment. This text also introduces laser surface profilometry as a novel technique for the examination of polymer surfaces. Also included is a comparison of natural and artificial aging effects of cellulose acetate artifacts as followed by FTIR spectroscopy and ion chromatography, and the applications of light microscopy and FTIR spectroscopy to distinguish between oil and acrylic painting media. All the information provided can be taken straight to the workplace and will be and extremely useful book for those working in the preservation of historic objects.
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Editorial Reviews

A reference on methods to assess the condition of artifacts and art objects. Covering the aging of natural and synthetic polymers including wool, cotton, silk, paper, wood, and materials used in sculptures, photographs, and other media, it's intended to help conservators and others make decisions about documentation, prescribed care, exhibition, and storage. It discusses issues including the influence of mordants and dyes on fabric degradation; methods for assessing damage in silk textiles; techniques to analyze historic cotton fibers, to examine polymer surfaces and rubber, and to distinguish between oil and acrylic paints; and a comparison of natural and artificial aging effects of cellulose acetate artifacts. Distributed by Oxford U. Press. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780841236523
  • Publisher: American Chemical Society
  • Publication date: 12/28/2000
  • Series: ACS Symposium Series, #779
  • Pages: 240
  • Product dimensions: 8.70 (w) x 6.00 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Table of Contents

Textiles and Papers in Museums
1. Historic Textiles and Paper, Jeanette M. Cardamone
2. The Aging, Degradation, and Conservation of Historic Materials Made from Cellulosic Fibers, Jeanette M. Cardamone
3. Chemical and Physical Changes in Naturally and Accelerated Aged Cellulose, David Erhardt, Charles S. Tumosa, and Marion F. Mecklenburg
4. FTIR Study of Dyed and Undyed Cotton Fibers Recovered from a Marine Environment, Runyung Chen and Kathryn Jakes
5. Characterization of Chemical and Physical Microstructure of Historic Fibers through Microchemical Reaction, Runyung Chen and Kathryn A. Jakes
6. Degradation and Color Fading of Cotton Fabrics Dyed with Natural Dyes and Mordants, N. Kohara et al.
7. Degradation and Color Fading of Silk Fabrics Dyed with Natural Dyes and Mordants, Mamiko Yatagai et al.
8. Measuring Silk Deterioration by High-Performance Size-Exclusion Chromatography, Viscometry, and Electrophoresis, Season Tse and Anne-Laurence Dupont
9. The Aging of Wool Fibers, Ian L. Weatherall
Polymers in Museums
10. Polymers in Museums, Mary T. Baker
11. The Physical Properties of Photographic Film Polymers Subjected to Cold Storage Environments, Charles S. Tumosa, Marion F. Mecklenburg, and Mark H. McCormick-Goodhart
12. Probing the Factors that Control Degradation in Museum Collections of Cellulose Acetate Artefacts, Jane Ballany et al.
13. Spectroscopic Investigation of the Degradation of Vulcanized Natural Rubber Museum Artifacts, Sandra A. Connors et al.
14. Pyroxyline Paintings by Siqueiros: Visual and Analytical Examination of His Painting Techniques, Celina Contreras de Berenfeld et al.
15. Laser Surface Profilometry: A Novel Technique for the Examination of Polymer Surfaces, S. A. Fairbrass and D. R. Williams
Author Index Subject Index

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