Historical Atlas of Islam / Edition 1

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Overview

Among the great civilizations of the world, Islam remains an enigma to Western readers. Now, in a beautifully illustrated historical atlas, noted scholar of religion Malise Ruthven recounts the fascinating and important history of the Islamic world.

From the birth of the prophet Muhammed to the independence of post-Soviet Muslim states in Central Asia, this accessible and informative atlas explains the historical evolution of Islamic societies. Short essays cover a wide variety of themes, including the central roles played by sharia (divine law) and fiqh (jurisprudence); philosophy; arts and architecture; the Muslim city; trade, commerce, and manufacturing; marriage and family life; tribal distributions; kinship and dynastic power; ritual and devotional practices; Sufism; modernist and reformist trends; the European domination of the Islamic world; the rise of the modern national state; oil exports and arms imports; and Muslim populations in non-Muslim countries, including the United States.

Lucid and inviting full-color maps chronicle the changing internal and external boundaries of the Islamic world, showing the principal trade routes through which goods, ideas, and customs spread. Ruthven traces the impact of various Islamic dynasties in art and architecture and shows the distribution of sects and religious minorities, the structure of Islamic cities, and the distribution of resources. Among the book's valuable contributions is the incorporation of the often neglected geographical and environmental factors, from the Fertile Crescent to the North African desert, that have helped shape Islamic history.

Rich in narrative and visual detail that illuminates the story of Islamic civilization, this timely atlas is an indispensable resource to anyone interested in world history and religion.

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Editorial Reviews

Montreal Gazette

The social, historical and geographical overview presented in this atlas will reward the attentive and/or inquisitive reader with a wealth of insight that undermines the image of Islam propagated by sensation-seeking, often hostile media...The Historical Atlas of Islam—whose extensive maps and diagrams take the Mecca–Medina axis as their focus—reminds us that, for a millennium, the Islamic world stood at the apex of human scientific, spiritual and cultural achievement.
— Fred A. Reed

Frontline

[Historical Atlas of Islam] is a work of learning and labour. Both, the texts and the accompanying maps, help one to understand how history unfolded itself in the far-flung reaches of the Islamic World from Africa to China, across the Balkans, Central, South-East Asia...It is an invaluable and indispensable work.
— A. G. Noorani

Christian Century
The Historical Atlas of Islam is more than an atlas in the usual sense of the term. Besides an abundance of maps and other visuals, it provides an overview of the history of Islam, regionally organized, plus essays on numerous subjects. Recognizing the post-9/11 interest in Islam, the authors even take on the subject of Islam and terrorism, arguing with good reason that the war on terrorism seems to have an anti-Muslim bias.
Canadian Jewish News

Historical Atlas of Islam is an excellent reference work that ranges far and wide. It covers such topics as Muslim languages and ethnic groups, the spread of Islam, the rise and fall of the Ottoman empire, Muslim minorities in China, Saudi Arabia, the Palestinians, Islamic arts and the state of human rights in Muslim societies.
— Sheldon Kirshner

Midwest Book Review

Maps and eye-catching illustrations accompany clear articles on everything from the early Sufi orders to Islam in the British, Russian and Dutch empires. History blends with social insights and religious coverage in an all-embracing visual display.
— Diane C. Donovan

Religious Studies Review

This generously illustrated volume presents a basic but comprehensive survey of the history of Islam in the world from Late Antiquity through the present war in Iraq. Nearly one hundred clear and well-designed color maps are supplemented by abundant color photographs...The essays are suited to nonspecialists, undergraduates and the general public, making the book ideal as a supplement for a survey course in Islamic history or reference work. The tone of the text is scholarly, sympathetic, and nondogmatic...The comprehensive geographic coverage effectively brings out the rich diversity of the Muslim umma...The atlas is a remarkable for its thoroughness and breadth, all the more so given its economical length.
— Brian A. Catlos

Montreal Gazette - Fred A. Reed
The social, historical and geographical overview presented in this atlas will reward the attentive and/or inquisitive reader with a wealth of insight that undermines the image of Islam propagated by sensation-seeking, often hostile media...The Historical Atlas of Islam--whose extensive maps and diagrams take the Mecca–Medina axis as their focus--reminds us that, for a millennium, the Islamic world stood at the apex of human scientific, spiritual and cultural achievement.
Frontline - A. G. Noorani
[Historical Atlas of Islam] is a work of learning and labour. Both, the texts and the accompanying maps, help one to understand how history unfolded itself in the far-flung reaches of the Islamic World from Africa to China, across the Balkans, Central, South-East Asia...It is an invaluable and indispensable work.
Canadian Jewish News - Sheldon Kirshner
Historical Atlas of Islam is an excellent reference work that ranges far and wide. It covers such topics as Muslim languages and ethnic groups, the spread of Islam, the rise and fall of the Ottoman empire, Muslim minorities in China, Saudi Arabia, the Palestinians, Islamic arts and the state of human rights in Muslim societies.
Midwest Book Review - Diane C. Donovan
Maps and eye-catching illustrations accompany clear articles on everything from the early Sufi orders to Islam in the British, Russian and Dutch empires. History blends with social insights and religious coverage in an all-embracing visual display.
Religious Studies Review - Brian A. Catlos
This generously illustrated volume presents a basic but comprehensive survey of the history of Islam in the world from Late Antiquity through the present war in Iraq. Nearly one hundred clear and well-designed color maps are supplemented by abundant color photographs...The essays are suited to nonspecialists, undergraduates and the general public, making the book ideal as a supplement for a survey course in Islamic history or reference work. The tone of the text is scholarly, sympathetic, and nondogmatic...The comprehensive geographic coverage effectively brings out the rich diversity of the Muslim umma...The atlas is a remarkable for its thoroughness and breadth, all the more so given its economical length.
Library Journal
At a time when our understanding of Islam and Muslim culture is so critical, Ruthven (Islam in the World) and Nanji, director of London's Institute of Ismaili Studies, have produced a work that updates and expands the scope of Francis Robinson's excellent but no longer available Atlas of the Islamic World Since 1500. In a series of 93 color maps, the authors trace the historical development and geographical expansion of Islamic civilization from Muhammad's birth to 2003. The richly illustrated text is written for the general reader and highlights 21st-century "flashpoints" as well as Muslims in various parts of the world. However, the coverage of specific elements of Islamic culture and the bibliography are not as extensive as Robinson's, and there is no gazetteer. In addition, the current maps of Europe are not only inconsistent (e.g., Macedonia and Moldova appear and disappear; former Czechoslovakia is whole on some and divided on others) but also inaccurate (on one map Macedonia is labeled Montenegro). But these flaws do not detract from the valuable information provided. A comparable reference is David Nicolle's recent Historical Atlas of the Islamic World (Facts On File), which is also lavishly illustrated and provides useful information about the workings of the Muslim calendar and other cultural info. Bottom Line Libraries that own Robinson's matchless Atlas of the Islamic World Since 1500 should buy this atlas as a supplement since it traces the development of Islam before 1500 and since 1981.-Edward K. Werner, St. Lucie Cty. Lib. Syst., Ft. Pierce, FL Copyright 2004 Reed Business Information.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780674013858
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • Publication date: 3/31/2004
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 208
  • Product dimensions: 8.76 (w) x 11.32 (h) x 0.86 (d)

Meet the Author

Malise Ruthven is a former editor with the BBC Arabic Service and World Service in London and is the author of Islam in the World and Islam: A Very Short Introduction.

Azim Nanji is Professor and Director of the Institute of Ismaili Studies and visiting professor at Stanford University.

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Table of Contents

Introduction 6
Geophysical Map of the Muslim World 16
Muslim Languages and Ethnic Groups 20
Late Antiquity Before Islam 24
Muhammad's Mission and Campaigns 26
Expansion of Islam to 750 28
Expansion 751-1700 30
Sunnis, Shia, and Khariji 660-c. 1000 34
Abbasid Caliphate under Harun al-Rashid 36
Spread of Islam, Islamic Law, and Arabic Language 38
Successor States to 1100 40
The Saljuq Era 44
Military Recruitment 900-1800 46
Fatimid Empire 909-1171 50
Trade Routes c. 700-1500 52
Crusader Kingdoms 56
Sufi Orders 1100-1900 58
Ayyubids and Mamluks 62
The Mongol Invasion 64
Maghreb and Spain 650-1485 66
Subsaharan Africa--East 70
Subsaharan Africa--West 72
Jihad States 74
The Indian Ocean to 1499 76
The Indian Ocean 1500-1900 80
Rise of the Ottomans to 1650 84
The Ottoman Empire 1650-1920 88
Iran 1500-2000 92
Central Asia to 1700 94
India 711-1971 96
Russian Expansion in Transcaucasia and Central Asia 102
Expansion of Islam in Southeast Asia 1000-1800 106
British, French, Dutch, and Russian Empires 108
Nineteenth-Century Reform Movements 110
Modernization of Turkey 112
The Muslim World under Colonial Domination c. 1920 116
Balkans, Cyprus, and Crete 1500-2000 118
Muslim Minorities in China 122
The Levant 1500-2002 124
Prominent Travelers 128
Britain in Egypt and Sudan in the 19th Century 132
France in North and West Africa 136
Growth of the Hajj and Other Places of Pilgrimage 138
Expanding Cities 142
Impact of Oil in the 20th Century 146
Water Resources 148
The Arms Trade 150
Flashpoint Southeast Asia 1950-2000 152
Flashpoint Iraq 1917-2003 154
Afghanistan 1840-2002 156
Arabia and the Gulf 1839-1950 158
Rise of the Saudi State 160
Flashpoint Israel-Palestine 162
Flashpoint Gulf 1950-2003 164
Muslims in Western Europe 166
Muslims in North America 168
Mosques and Places of Worship in North America 170
Islamic Arts 172
Major Islamic Architectural Sites 176
World Distribution of Muslims 2000 180
World Terrorism 2003 184
Muslim Cinema 188
Internet Use 190
Democracy, Censorship, Human Rights, and Civil Society 192
Modern Movements, Organizations, and Influences 194
Chronology 196
Glossary 200
Further Reading 203
Acknowledgments and Map List 204
Index 205
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