Historical Dictionary of Portugal

Overview

Portugal is a small Western European nation with a large, distinctive past replete with both triumph and tragedy. One of the continent's oldest nation-states, Portugal has frontiers that are essentially unchanged since the late 14th century. The country's unique character and 850-year history as an independent state present several curious paradoxes. As of 1974, when much of the remainder of the Portuguese overseas empire was decolonized, Portuguese society appeared to be the most ethnically homogeneous of the ...

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Historical Dictionary of Portugal

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Overview

Portugal is a small Western European nation with a large, distinctive past replete with both triumph and tragedy. One of the continent's oldest nation-states, Portugal has frontiers that are essentially unchanged since the late 14th century. The country's unique character and 850-year history as an independent state present several curious paradoxes. As of 1974, when much of the remainder of the Portuguese overseas empire was decolonized, Portuguese society appeared to be the most ethnically homogeneous of the two Iberian states and of much of Europe. This, in spite of the fact that Portuguese society had received during 2,000 years of infusions of other ethnic groups in invasions and immigration: Phoenicians, Greeks, Celts, Romans, Suevi, Visigoths, Muslims (Arab and Berber), Jews, Italians, Flemings, Burgundian French, black Africans, and Asians. Indeed, Portugal has been a crossroads, despite its relative isolation in the western corner of the Iberian Peninsula, between the West and North Africa, Tropical Africa, and Asia and America. Since 1974, Portugal's society has become less homogeneous as there has been significant immigration of former subjects from her erstwhile overseas empire. The third edition of Historical Dictionary of Portugal greatly expands on the second edition through a chronology, an introductory essay, a bibliography, and hundreds of cross-referenced dictionary entries on important persons, places, events, and institutions, as well as on significant political, economic, social, and cultural aspects.

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Editorial Reviews

Booklist
This third edition of a title in the Historical Dictionaries of Europe series covers Portuguese political, economic, cultural, and social history. The volume begins with physical and political maps of Portugal, a chronology from 15,000 BCE to 2008, and an introduction to and overview of Portuguese history. This material is followed by entries in alphabetical order and appendixes listing monarchs, prime ministers, and presidents. An extensive bibliography concludes the work. Though Portugal is one of the oldest nation-states in Europe, much of its history may be unfamiliar to North American readers. Some interesting facts: England and Portugal share the longest alliance in European history; Portugal was the last European country to use cavalry in combat; following the massive earthquake in 1755, Lisbon was rebuilt in grids and became the first planned city in Europe. Part of the value of a dictionary such as this is convenience; a great deal of information is presented in a single volume. A good purchase for academic and large public libraries.
Reference Reviews
Although evidently aimed at an academic audience the dictionary would also make a suitable introduction for anyone with a general interest in Portuguese history. For a relatively compact volume, the dictionary certainly packs a great deal of information into its 396 pages.Overall, this is a well-written, articulate and easy to navigate work and I would not hesitate in recommending it as a purchase for public and academic libraries alike.
May-August 2010 American Reference Books Annual
Historical Dictionary of Portugal updates what is most likely one of the finest academic resources available for the study of the history and culture of Portugal. ... Wheeler and Opello, two of the foremost scholars in North America, have delivered an outstanding resource for anyone interested in studying this fascinating country and culture. ... The Historical Dictionary of Portugal is definitely an outstanding resource for any students or scholars interested in Portugal.
Library Journal
Portugal had an important role in the exploration of the world, making the shortage of adequate English-language reference tools on the country a serious problem. Consequently, this historical dictionary is a significant addition to any library with collections on Europe. Wheeler (modern history, Univ. of New Hampshire, Durham) is one of the most active U.S. scholars promoting the study of Portugal in this country. His work is different from, and more usable than, the traditional historical dictionary because the entries are generally longer and of greater depth. In addition, their high quality shows the author's knowledge of his area. Wheeler includes an extensive subject introduction, a historical chronology, and a list of monarchs, presidents, and prime ministers. Of special note is the 100-page subject bibliography. An important reference source for academic and some public libraries.-- Mark L. Grover, Brigham Young Univ., Provo, Ut.
Booknews
The first volume in a new series comprises a chronology, an introductory essay, the dictionary, an extensive bibliography, and appendixes listing monarchs, presidents, and prime ministers. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
CHOICE
This edition, like the first, includes a valuable historical chronology and a list of monarchs, presidents, and prime ministers....Recommended.
Society For Spanish and Portugese Historical Studies Bulletin
A true vade mecum. Since Portugal does not have an almanac...this book, with its vast and reliable store of information packed into a little more than three hundred pages, easily serves as a substitute. This book belongs in the library of anyone interested in Portugese history.
— Francis A. Dutra
King's College London
...clearly written with a focus towards the contemporary period.
American Reference Books Annual
The 2d edition of the Historical Dictionary of Portugal not only provides a thorough overview of Portuguese history, but also serves as a valuable reference guide to the politics, economy, and culture of the small Western European country. Clearly written and organized, the dictionary covers topics from prehistory through the beginning of the twenty-first century....This resource is recommended for academic and large public libraries.
Choice
This edition, like the first, includes a valuable historical chronology and a list of monarchs, presidents, and prime ministers....Recommended.
American Reference Books Annual (ARBA)
The 2d edition of the Historical Dictionary of Portugal not only provides a thorough overview of Portuguese history, but also serves as a valuable reference guide to the politics, economy, and culture of the small Western European country. Clearly written and organized, the dictionary covers topics from prehistory through the beginning of the twenty-first century....This resource is recommended for academic and large public libraries.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780810860889
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
  • Publication date: 4/16/2010
  • Series: Historical Dictionaries of Europe Series , #73
  • Edition description: 3rd Edition
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 428
  • Product dimensions: 5.80 (w) x 8.60 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Meet the Author

Douglas L. Wheeler has taught, lectured, and widely published a broad range of scholarly materials since 1961 and who has advanced the study of Portugal in the wider world also through professional journals he edited and research organizations. He has been honored by two decorations awarded in 1993 and 2004 by Portugal's Government. Walter C. Opello Jr. retired in 2002 from the Department of History at the University of New Hampshire. Since then he has been part-time instructor at the University of New Hampshire and at Granite State College.

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix
Editor's Foreword xi
Acronyms and Special Terms xiii
Maps xvii
Chronology xix
Introduction xxxi
The Dictionary 1
Bibliography 183
Appendix A Monarchs of Portugal (1140-1910) 265
Appendix B Presidents of the Republic (1910-present) 267
Appendix C Prime Ministers (1932-present) 269
About the Author 271
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