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Historical Dictionary Of School Segregation And Desegregation

Overview

Throughout the nation's history, from before the Civil War through Reconstruction, across the years of lynchings and segregation to the Brown v. Board of Education decision and the battles over busing, no issue has divided the American people more than race, and at the heart of the race issue has been the conflict over school segregation and desegregation. Prior to the Civil War, South Carolina enacted the first compulsory illiteracy law, which made it a crime to teach slaves to write, and other Southern states ...

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Historical Dictionary Of School Segregation And Desegregation

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Overview

Throughout the nation's history, from before the Civil War through Reconstruction, across the years of lynchings and segregation to the Brown v. Board of Education decision and the battles over busing, no issue has divided the American people more than race, and at the heart of the race issue has been the conflict over school segregation and desegregation. Prior to the Civil War, South Carolina enacted the first compulsory illiteracy law, which made it a crime to teach slaves to write, and other Southern states soon followed South Carolina's example. After the Civil War, schools for blacks were founded throughout the South, including many Historically Black Colleges and Universities. The 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson Supreme Court decision established the principle of separate but equal education, which led to decades of segregation. With the 1954 Brown decision, the Supreme Court overturned the separate but equal principle, and the Civil Rights Act of 1964 empowered the federal government to affect school desegregation. The process of desegregation continues to this day, with much debate and mixed results.

Through more than 260 alphabetically arranged entries, this comprehensive reference book describes persons, court decisions, terms and concepts, legislation, reports and books, types of plans, and organizations central to the struggle for educational equality. The volume covers topics ranging from emotionally laden terms such as busing to complex legal concepts such as de facto and de jure segregation. Each entry includes factual information, a summary of different viewpoints, and a brief bibliography. The book includes an introduction, which outlines the history of school segregation and desegregation, along with a chronology and extensive bibliographic material. Thus this reference is a complete guide to school segregation and desegregation in elementary, secondary, and higher education in the United States.

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Editorial Reviews

Library Journal
Intended primarily for educational historians, public policy planners, and those interested in the history of the struggle for civil rights in education, this alphabetically arranged dictionary explicates more than 270 personal names, plans, court decisions, reports, concepts, terms, organizations, legislative mandates, and state and federal agencies involved in the school segregation/desegregation conundrum. Raffel (Sch. of Urban Affairs and Public Policy, Univ. of Delaware) has been personally involved in school desegregation and has published extensively on the process in professional journals. Each well-written and logically organized entry in this unique dictionary has its own bibliography to support the nonjudgmental definitions supplied. The personal names included also have a list of sources for further research. More detailed and current than Richard Kluger's Simple Justice (LJ 3/1/76), Raffel's dictionary covers the period from 1787 through the Plessy and Brown decisions to California's 1996 Proposition 209 vote (the entry on the late George Curley Wallace, however, needs updating). Extensive cross references help lead the user to related entries. A post-Revolutionary War chronology helps outline the checkered events concerning race issues and schools, from preschools to higher education. A bibliographical essay and an extensive, nine-page bibliography add to the utility of this appropriately priced volume.--Scott R. Johnson, Whittemore Park Middle Sch., Conway, SC
Booknews
Brief essays describe some 270 key court decisions, people, types of school desegregation plans, legislation, organizations, terms, concepts, reports, and publications that have played a significant role in the history of school segregation and desegregation in America. Covers elementary through post-secondary education from before the Civil War through the 1990s, focusing on the last 50 years. Includes an introduction, chronology, cross-references, and bibliographic material for each entry, plus a bibliographic essay and a geographical bibliography. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780313295027
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 10/30/1998
  • Pages: 378
  • Lexile: 1290L (what's this?)
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

JEFFREY A. RAFFEL is Professor and Director of the School of Urban Affairs and Public Policy at the University of Delaware and has served as a researcher, scholar, expert witness, practitioner, community leader, and parent in the school desegregation process.

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Table of Contents

Preface

Introduction

Chronology

The Dictionary

Bibliographical Essay

General Bibliography

Geographical Bibliography

Index

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