Histories of American Physical Anthropology in the Twentieth Century

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Overview

Histories of American Physical Anthropology in the Twentieth Century chronicles the growth and progress of the field of physical anthropology in the United States, from its professional origins in the late 1800s up to its modern transformation in the late 1900s, when it became known as biological anthropology. Michael A. Little and Kenneth A. R. Kennedy have assembled an impressive group of thirteen scholars and anthropologists to elaborate on some of the various people, ideas, traditions, and organizations that have contributed to the advancement of biological anthropology, which today focuses on the study of human variation and evolution. They highlight episodes that contributed to the evolution of biological anthropology into a science, touching on the shift from antiquated nineteenth-century practices to the contemporary application of modern scientific inquiry within the field.

Offering compelling accounts of the development of this scientific branch of anthropology, contributors provide a brief and readable background of American anthropology's biobehavioral side. This edited collection is designed for upper-level undergraduate students, graduate students, professional biological anthropologists, and those who wish to learn more about this thriving field.

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Editorial Reviews

American Journal Of Human Biology
Little's insightful treatment of Boas's multifaceted relationship to anthropology is representative of the success of the book as a whole, which demonstrates the inter-related trajectories of both scientific and social/political history.
Richard Jantz
This volume is the first comprehensive treatment of physical anthropology's history to appear since Frank Spencer's in 1982, to whom it is appropriately dedicated. The contributors are all established and eminent scholars who have experienced our history and consequently understand it and appreciate it. It will serve as a text in university courses, and as a general reference for professionals.
Robert W. Sussman
From a one-dimensional, typological focus to a dynamic, problem-oriented one; from being racist to the main opponent of racism, physical anthropology has had a mixed history. Little and Kennedy have assembled an excellent set of papers that describe, analyze, and synthesize this fascinating story. This is a book that should be read by students and professionals alike.
Pat Shipman
This a fine and much-needed book with sound and sometimes witty coverage of the development of physical anthropology in America. No student of the field should fail to read it!
American Journal of Human Biology
Little's insightful treatment of Boas's multifaceted relationship to anthropology is representative of the success of the book as a whole, which demonstrates the inter-related trajectories of both scientific and social/political history.
The Quarterly Review Of Biology
An important addition to the library of anyone interested in tracing the development of physical anthropology.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780739135112
  • Publisher: Lexington Books
  • Publication date: 12/23/2009
  • Pages: 272
  • Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Michael A. Little is Distinguished Professor of Anthropology at the State University of New York at Binghamton. Kenneth A. R. Kennedy is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at Cornell University.
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Table of Contents

Preface ix

Contributors to the Volume xi

Chapter 1 Introduction to the History of American Physical Anthropology Michael A. Little Kenneth A. R. Kennedy 1

Chapter 2 "Physical" Anthropology at the Turn of the Last Century C. Loring Brace 25

Chapter 3 Franz Boas's Place in American Physical Anthropology and Its Institutions Michael A. Little 55

Chapter 4 Ale Hrdlička and the Founding of the American Journal of Physical Anthropology: 1918 Donald J. Ortner 87

Chapter 5 Principal Figures in Early 20th-century Physical Anthropology: With Special Treatment of Forensic Anthropology Kenneth A. R. Kennedy 105

Chapter 6 The Founding of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists: 1930 Emöke J. E. Szathmáry 127

Chapter 7 Principal Figures in Physical Anthropology Before and During World War II Eugene Giles 141

Chapter 8 The Immediate Postwar Years: The Yearbook of Physical Anthropology and the Summer Seminars Michael A. Little Bemice A. Kaplan 155

Chapter 9 Sherwood L. Washburn and "The New Physical Anthropology" William A. Stini 173

Chapter 10 The Two 20th-century Crises of Racial Anthropology Jonathan Marks 187

Chapter 11 Race and the Conflicts within the Profession of Physical Anthropology During the 1950s and 1960s John H. Relethford 207

Chapter 12 75 Years of the Annual Meetings of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, 1930-2004 Kaye Brown Matt Cartmill 221

Chapter 13 Description, Hypothesis Testing, and Conceptual Advances in Physical Anthropology: Have We Moved On? Clark Spencer Larsen 233

Appendix 243

Index 249

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