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Histories of American Physical Anthropology in the Twentieth Century chronicles the growth and progress of the field of physical anthropology in the United States, from its professional origins in the late 1800s up to its modern transformation in the late 1900s, when it became known as biological anthropology. Michael A. Little and Kenneth A. R. Kennedy have assembled an impressive group of thirteen scholars and anthropologists to elaborate on some of the various people, ideas, traditions, and organizations that have contributed to the advancement of biological anthropology, which today focuses on the study of human variation and evolution. They highlight episodes that contributed to the evolution of biological anthropology into a science, touching on the shift from antiquated nineteenth-century practices to the contemporary application of modern scientific inquiry within the field.
Offering compelling accounts of the development of this scientific branch of anthropology, contributors provide a brief and readable background of American anthropology's biobehavioral side. This edited collection is designed for upper-level undergraduate students, graduate students, professional biological anthropologists, and those who wish to learn more about this thriving field.
Contributors to the Volume xi
Chapter 1 Introduction to the History of American Physical Anthropology Michael A. Little Kenneth A. R. Kennedy 1
Chapter 2 "Physical" Anthropology at the Turn of the Last Century C. Loring Brace 25
Chapter 3 Franz Boas's Place in American Physical Anthropology and Its Institutions Michael A. Little 55
Chapter 4 Ale Hrdlička and the Founding of the American Journal of Physical Anthropology: 1918 Donald J. Ortner 87
Chapter 5 Principal Figures in Early 20th-century Physical Anthropology: With Special Treatment of Forensic Anthropology Kenneth A. R. Kennedy 105
Chapter 6 The Founding of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists: 1930 Emöke J. E. Szathmáry 127
Chapter 7 Principal Figures in Physical Anthropology Before and During World War II Eugene Giles 141
Chapter 8 The Immediate Postwar Years: The Yearbook of Physical Anthropology and the Summer Seminars Michael A. Little Bemice A. Kaplan 155
Chapter 9 Sherwood L. Washburn and "The New Physical Anthropology" William A. Stini 173
Chapter 10 The Two 20th-century Crises of Racial Anthropology Jonathan Marks 187
Chapter 11 Race and the Conflicts within the Profession of Physical Anthropology During the 1950s and 1960s John H. Relethford 207
Chapter 12 75 Years of the Annual Meetings of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, 1930-2004 Kaye Brown Matt Cartmill 221
Chapter 13 Description, Hypothesis Testing, and Conceptual Advances in Physical Anthropology: Have We Moved On? Clark Spencer Larsen 233
Posted September 12, 2012
No text was provided for this review.