Histories of American Physical Anthropology in the Twentieth Century

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Histories of American Physical Anthropology in the Twentieth Century chronicles the history of physical anthropology_or, as it is now known, biological anthropology_from its professional origins in the late 1800 up to its modern transformation in the late 1900s. In this edited volume, 13 contributors trace the development of people, ideas, traditions, and organizations that contributed to the advancement of this branch of anthropology that focuses today on human variation and human evolution. Designed for upper level undergraduate students, graduate students, and professional biological anthropologists, this book provides a brief and accessible history of the biobehavioral side of anthropology in America.

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Editorial Reviews

The Quarterly Review Of Biology
An important addition to the library of anyone interested in tracing the development of physical anthropology.
Richard Jantz
This volume is the first comprehensive treatment of physical anthropology's history to appear since Frank Spencer's in 1982, to whom it is appropriately dedicated. The contributors are all established and eminent scholars who have experienced our history and consequently understand it and appreciate it. It will serve as a text in university courses, and as a general reference for professionals.
Robert W. Sussman
From a one-dimensional, typological focus to a dynamic, problem-oriented one; from being racist to the main opponent of racism, physical anthropology has had a mixed history. Little and Kennedy have assembled an excellent set of papers that describe, analyze, and synthesize this fascinating story. This is a book that should be read by students and professionals alike.
Pat Shipman
This a fine and much-needed book with sound and sometimes witty coverage of the development of physical anthropology in America. No student of the field should fail to read it!
American Journal of Human Biology
Little's insightful treatment of Boas's multifaceted relationship to anthropology is representative of the success of the book as a whole, which demonstrates the inter-related trajectories of both scientific and social/political history.
American Journal Of Human Biology
Little's insightful treatment of Boas's multifaceted relationship to anthropology is representative of the success of the book as a whole, which demonstrates the inter-related trajectories of both scientific and social/political history.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780739135129
  • Publisher: The Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group Inc
  • Publication date: 10/11/2010
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 274
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Michael A. Little is Distinguished Professor of Anthropology at the State University of New York at Binghamton. Kenneth A. R. Kennedy is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at Cornell University.

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Table of Contents

Preface ix

Contributors to the Volume xi

Chapter 1 Introduction to the History of American Physical Anthropology Michael A. Little Kenneth A. R. Kennedy 1

Chapter 2 "Physical" Anthropology at the Turn of the Last Century C. Loring Brace 25

Chapter 3 Franz Boas's Place in American Physical Anthropology and Its Institutions Michael A. Little 55

Chapter 4 Aleš Hrdlicka and the Founding of the American Journal of Physical Anthropology: 1918 Donald J. Ortner 87

Chapter 5 Principal Figures in Early 20th-Century Physical Anthropology: With Special Treatment of Forensic Anthropology Kenneth A. R. Kennedy 105

Chapter 6 The Founding of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists: 1930 Emoke J. E. Szathmáry 127

Chapter 7 Principal Figures in Physical Anthropology Before and During World War II Eugene Giles 141

Chapter 8 The Immediate Postwar Years: The Yearbook of Physical Anthropology and the Summer Seminars Michael A. Little Bernice A. Kaplan 155

Chapter 9 Sherwood L. Washburn and "The New Physical Anthropology" William A. Stini 173

Chapter 10 The Two 20th-Century Crises of Racial Anthropology Jonathan Marks 187

Chapter 11 Race and the Conflicts within the Profession of Physical Anthropology During the 1950s and 1960s John H. Relethford 207

Chapter 12 75 Years of the Annual Meetings of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, 1930-2004 Kaye Brown Matt Cartmill 221

Chapter 13 Description, Hypothesis Testing, and Conceptual Advances in Physical Anthropology: Have We Moved On" Clark Spencer Larsen 233

Appendix 243

Index 249

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