The History and Sedimentology of Ancient Reef Systems / Edition 1

The History and Sedimentology of Ancient Reef Systems / Edition 1

by George D. Stanley Jr.
     
 

ISBN-10: 0306464675

ISBN-13: 9780306464676

Pub. Date: 11/30/2001

Publisher: Springer US

Eleven chapters detail the evolution of reef ecosystems, from the phanerozoic era to today. The trends associated with various periods are outlined, especially radiations, extinctions, carbonate precipitations, and global change. The Permian Guadalupian Reef complex of west Texas and eastern New Mexico receive particular notice. Black and white photographs, diagrams,

Overview

Eleven chapters detail the evolution of reef ecosystems, from the phanerozoic era to today. The trends associated with various periods are outlined, especially radiations, extinctions, carbonate precipitations, and global change. The Permian Guadalupian Reef complex of west Texas and eastern New Mexico receive particular notice. Black and white photographs, diagrams, charts, and maps are included. Contributors include geologists, paleontologists, and ocean scientists from the United States, Canada, Germany, Australia, and Russia. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780306464676
Publisher:
Springer US
Publication date:
11/30/2001
Series:
Topics in Geobiology Series, #17
Edition description:
2001
Pages:
458
Product dimensions:
6.20(w) x 9.40(h) x 1.20(d)

Table of Contents

Chapter 1Introduction to Reef Ecosystems and Their Evolution
1.Introduction to Reefs1
2.What Is a Reef?9
3.Ancient Reef Ecosystems14
References36
Chapter 2Phanerozoic Reef Trends Based on the Paleoreef Database
1.Introduction41
2.An Outline of Phanerozoic Reef Evolution43
3.Reef Distribution Patterns47
4.Reef Attributes through Time58
5.Reef Evolutionary Units69
6.Controls on Reef Evolution75
7.Conclusions79
References80
Chapter 3Evolution, Radiations, and Extinctions in Proterozoic to Mid-Paleozoic Reefs
1.Introduction89
2.Precambrian Prelude: Archean--Mesoproterozoic95
3.Neoproterozoic Reefs: First Calcimicrobes (1000-544 Ma)96
4.Cambrian Reefs: Start of Metazoan Reef Components101
5.Ordovician Radiation and Terminal Ordovician Decline104
6.Reefs in the Silurian--Devonian: Maximal Greenhouse108
7.Collapse of the Mid-Paleozoic Reef Ecosystem: The Frasnian--Famennian Mass Extinctions108
8.Summary110
References112
Chapter 4Paleoecology of Cambrian Reef Ecosystems
1.Introduction121
2.Builders, Destroyers, and Dwellers125
3.Spatial Distribution and Temporal Evolution of Cambrian Reefs and Reef Communities135
4.Metazoans versus Nonmetazoans137
5.Biotic Factors versus Abiotic Factors143
6.Ecological Succession in Cambrian Reef Ecosystems145
7.Mass Extinction in Cambrian Reefs146
References148
Chapter 5Biologically Induced Carbonate Precipitation in Reefs through Time
1.Introduction159
2.Biological Induction of Marine Carbonate Precipitation161
3.Reef Framework Construction167
4.Nonenzymatic Reef Frameworks through Time172
5.Reef History as a Tool for Reconstructing Earth History179
6.Paleoecological Controls on Nonenzymatic Framework Distribution188
7.Nonenzymatic Reef Carbonates and Global Change: Summary192
8.Conclusions193
References194
Chapter 6A Half Century Later: The Permian Guadalupian Reef Complex of West Texas and Eastern New Mexico
1.Introduction205
2.Early Work in the Guadalupes206
3.The Guadalupe Reef Barrier207
4.Changing Ideas about the Capitan Complex209
5.More Recent Work in the Guadalupes210
6.Late Permian Mass Extinctions and Their Effect on the Reef212
7.Significance of the Guadalupian Reef Complex and Future Directions of Research213
References214
Chapter 7Triassic Reefs of the Tethys
1.Introduction: What Do We Know about Triassic Reefs?217
2.Permian, Triassic, and Lower Jurassic Reef Types220
3.Reef Biota222
4.Reef Paleoecology227
5.Testimonies of Tethyan Reefs229
6.Conclusions242
References243
Chapter 8Jurassic Reef Ecosystems
1.Introduction251
2.Jurassic Reefs252
3.Intrajurassic Reef Development: Faunistic Evolution or Environmental Change?293
4.Conclusions299
References302
Chapter 9Cretaceous Evolution of Reef Ecosystems: A Regional Synthesis of the Caribbean Tropics
1.Introduction311
2.Caribbean Geologic History315
3.History of Caribbean Reef Ecosystems326
4.Conclusions343
References345
Chapter 10The Role of Framework in Modern Reefs and Its Application to Ancient Systems
1.Introduction351
2.Examples from Some Modern Caribbean Reefs361
3.Where's the Reef?370
4.Summary376
References384
Chapter 11Coral Reefs, Carbonate Sediments, Nutrients and Global Change
1.Introduction388
2.Coral Reefs and Carbonate Sediments: The Basics388
3.The Nutrient Paradox394
4.Advantages of Algal Symbiosis395
5.CaCO[subscript 3] Production and Nutrient Gradients402
6.Coral Reefs and Global Change413
7.The Future of Coral Reefs421
References422
Glossary429
Index449

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