History of Anthropological Theory / Edition 4

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Overview

This overview of the history of anthropological theory provides a comprehensive history from antiquity through to the twenty-first century, with a focus on the twentieth century and beyond. Unlike other volumes, it also offers a four-field introduction to theory. As a stand-alone text, or used in conjunction with the companion volume Readings for a History of Anthropological Theory, Erickson and Murphy offer a comprehensive, affordable, and contemporary introduction to anthropological theory.

The third edition has been updated and fully revised throughout to closely parallel the presentation in the companion reader, making it easier to use both books in tandem. New original essays by contemporary theorists bring theories to life, and portraits of important theorists make it a handsome volume. Sources and suggested readings have been updated, and glossary definitions have been updated, streamlined, and standardized.

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What People Are Saying

From the Publisher

A History of Anthropological Theory continues to stand well apart from its peers in both its narrative elegance and broad disciplinary sweep. Essays written by Janice Boddy, Lee Baker, and Lila Abu-Lughod are particularly exciting contributions to this edition, as they offer students rich and highly personal insight into the dynamic interplay between anthropological fieldwork, theory, and analysis.

The third edition of an already popular book hits the mark once again in several important ways. First, it continues to promote the time-honoured four-field approach to anthropology. This is critical for students' understanding of the interconnected nature of ideas and the human experience. Second, the glossary and review questions are enhanced and are an added bonus. And finally, new life is breathed into theory with the 'stories' of contemporary anthropologists, who bring their uses of anthropological theory to life for the readers.

Erickson and Murphy's uniquely accessible and intelligent text draws students into a 'dialogue with the ancestors.' The coverage is extraordinary (especially when paired with the companion volume of readings) and resituates the history of anthropology as essential to contemporary disciplinary practice.

Terri Castaneda

A History of Anthropological Theory continues to stand well apart from its peers in both its narrative elegance and broad disciplinary sweep. Essays written by Janice Boddy, Lee Baker, and Lila Abu-Lughod are particularly exciting contributions to this edition, as they offer students rich and highly personal insight into the dynamic interplay between anthropological fieldwork, theory, and analysis.

Yolanda Moses

The third edition of an already popular book hits the mark once again in several important ways. First, it continues to promote the time-honoured four-field approach to anthropology. This is critical for students' understanding of the interconnected nature of ideas and the human experience. Second, the glossary and review questions are enhanced and are an added bonus. And finally, new life is breathed into theory with the 'stories' of contemporary anthropologists, who bring their uses of anthropological theory to life for the readers.

Regna Darnell

Erickson and Murphy's uniquely accessible and intelligent text draws students into a 'dialogue with the ancestors.' The coverage is extraordinary (especially when paired with the companion volume of readings) and resituates the history of anthropology as essential to contemporary disciplinary practice.

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781442601109
  • Publisher: University of Toronto Press, Higher Education Division
  • Publication date: 2/1/2008
  • Edition description: third edition
  • Edition number: 4
  • Pages: 296
  • Sales rank: 941,256
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Meet the Author

Paul A. Erickson is Professor and Chair of the Department of Anthropology at Saint Mary's University.

Liam D. Murphy is Associate Professor in the Department of Anthropology at California State University, Sacramento.

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Table of Contents

List of Illustrations 10

Preface 11

Timeline 15

Introduction 17

Part 1 The Early History of Anthropological Theory 21

Anthropology in Antiquity 21

The Middle Ages 26

The Renaissance 28

Voyages of Geographical Discovery 30

The Scientific Revolution 34

The Enlightenment 37

The Rise of Positivism 40

Marxism 43

Classical Cultural Evolutionism 48

Evolutionism vs. Diffusionism 56

Archaeology Comes of Age 59

Charles Darwin and Darwinism 62

Sigmund Freud 75

Émile Durkheim 78

Max Weber 81

Ferdinand de Saussure 84

Speaking About Anthropological Theory Janice Boddy 91

Part 2 The Early Twentieth Century 93

American Cultural Anthropology 93

Franz Boas 93

Robert Lowie and Alfred Louis Kroeber 98

Margaret Mead and Ruth Benedict 102

The Development of Psychological Anthropology 107

French Structural Anthropology 111

Marcel Mauss 112

Claude Lévi-Strauss 113

Edmund Leach and Mary Douglas 116

The Legacy of French Structural Anthropology 118

British Social Anthropology 123

A.R. Radcliffe-Brown 124

Bronislaw Malinowski 126

E.E. Evans-Pritchard 128

Max Gluckman and the "Manchester School" 130

The Legacy of British Social Anthropology 132

Speaking About Anthropological Theory Lee D. Baker 135

Part 3 The Later Twentieth and Early Twenty-First Centuries 137

Cognitive Anthropology 138

Edward Sapir 138

Ethnoscience and the "New Ethnography" 140

Cultural Neo-Evolutionism 141

Leslie White 142

Julian Steward 144

Marshall Sahlins and Elman Service 145

The New Archaeology 146

Cultural Materialism 147

Marvin Harris 148

Biologized Anthropology 150

Biology of Behaviour 151

The New Physical Anthropology 152

Ethology and Behavioural Genetics 153

Sociobiology 154

Symbolic and Interpretive Anthropology 157

Victor Turner and Symbolic Anthropology 159

Clifford Geertz and Interpretive Anthropology 162

Post-processual Archaeology 164

The Influence of Symbolic and Interpretive Approaches 165

Transactionalism 166

Fredrik Barth 167

Feminism and Anthropology 168

Political Economy 173

Marx and the World System 173

Sins of the Fathers 175

Ideology, Culture, and Power 177

Postmodernity 180

Paul Feyerabend 183

Michel Foucault 184

Pierre Bourdieu 187

Anthropology as Text 189

Medical Anthropology 191

Globalization 194

Public Anthropology 198

Speaking About Anthropological Theory Lila Abu-Lughod 203

Conclusion 205

Postmodern Predicaments 206

Agreeing to Disagree 208

"-Isms" in Schism 211

History of the Future 213

Beyond "One Dead Guy A Week" 215

Review Questions 217

Glossary 229

Sources and Suggested Reading 247

Illustration Sources 279

Index 281

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