History of Architectural Theory / Edition 1

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As the first comprehensive encyclopedic survey of Western architectural theory from Vitruvius to the present, this book is an essential resource for architects, students, teachers, historians, and theorists. Using only original sources, Kruft has undertaken the monumental task of researching, organizing, and analyzing the significant statements put forth by architectural theorists over the last two thousand years. The result is a text that is authoritative and complete, easy to read without being reductive.

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Editorial Reviews

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I am as astonished to find this book written, so great was the scholarship and labor involved, as I am to find it previosly unwritten, so great is the need for it. Its scale and scope is unique. Philip Tabor, Architectural Review
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781568980102
  • Publisher: Princeton Architectural Press
  • Publication date: 1/28/1996
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 706
  • Sales rank: 458,837
  • Product dimensions: 6.25 (w) x 9.25 (h) x 1.75 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface 7
Foreword to the English edition 11
Introduction: What is architectural theory? 13
1 Vitruvius and architectural theory in Antiquity 21
2 The Vitruvian tradition and architectural theory in the Middle Ages 30
3 Leone Battista Alberti 41
4 Quattrocento theory after Alberti 51
5 Vitruvian tradition in the Renaissance 66
6 Sixteenth-century codification 73
7 Palladio and the North Italian Humanists 83
8 The counter-Reformation, Baroque and Neo-classicism 93
9 The theory of fortification 109
10 France in the sixteenth century 118
11 The Classical synthesis in seventeenth-century France 124
12 The foundation of the French Academy of Architecture and the subsequent challenge to it 128
13 Relativist architectural aesthetics, the Enlightenment and Revolutionary architecture 141
14 Germany and the Netherlands in the sixteenth century 166
15 The German-speaking regions in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries 172
16 The Italian contribution in the eighteenth century 194
17 Eighteenth-century views of Antiquity 208
18 The role of Spain from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century 219
19 Developments in England from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century 229
20 Concepts of the garden 257
21 Nineteenth-century France and the Ecole des Beaux-Arts 272
22 Germany in the nineteenth century 290
23 England in the nineteenth century 323
24 The United States: from Thomas Jefferson to the Chicago School 345
25 Germany and its neighbours: 1890s-1945 364
26 France: 1900-1945 393
27 Italy: Futurism and Rationalism 403
28 The Soviet Union 415
29 The United States in the first half of the twentieth century 424
30 Since 1945 434
Notes (including texts of quotations in the original language) 447
Plates [s.n.]
Bibliography 613
Supplement to the Bibliography 674
English-language translations of sources 681
Index of names 685
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