The History of Bethlem

Overview

Bethlem Hospital, popularly known as "Bedlam", is a unique institution. Now seven hundred and fifty years old, it has been continuously involved in the care of the mentally ill in London since at least the 1400s. As such it has a strong claim to be the oldest foundation in Europe with an unbroken history of sheltering and treating the mentally disturbed. During this time, Bethlem has transcended locality to become not only a national and international institution, but in many ...

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The History of Bethlem

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Overview

Bethlem Hospital, popularly known as "Bedlam", is a unique institution. Now seven hundred and fifty years old, it has been continuously involved in the care of the mentally ill in London since at least the 1400s. As such it has a strong claim to be the oldest foundation in Europe with an unbroken history of sheltering and treating the mentally disturbed. During this time, Bethlem has transcended locality to become not only a national and international institution, but in many ways, a cultural and literary myth.
The History of Bethlem is a scholarly history of this key establishment by distinguished authors, including Asa Briggs and Roy Porter. Based upon extensive research of the hospital's archives, the book looks at Bethlem's role within the caring institutions of London and Britain, and provides a long overdue re-evaluation of its place in the history of psychiatry.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780415867535
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 5/22/2013
  • Pages: 766

Table of Contents

List of plates
List of figures
List of tables
Acknowledgements
List of abbreviations
Introduction 1
Pt. I 1247-1633
The foundation of the Priory of St Mary of Bethlehem 21
The development of the Bethlem precinct 36
Politics and patronage 55
Bethlem's income 68
From Bethlehem to Bedlam: changing roles and personnel 80
Medieval attitudes towards and treatment of the insane 94
Institutional care for the insane in medieval and early modern times 111
Images of Bedlam 130
Pt. II 1633-1783
'Charitable persons for excellent ends': the administration and finance of Bethlem 156
Visiting 178
'The discipline of the house': environment, management and architecture 200
The architecture of Bethlem at Moorfields 230
Medicine, medical officers and therapeutics 260
The rule of 'sky-colour'd coats': inferior officers and servants 288
Admission and discharge 315
The politics of committal to early modern Bethlem 348
Pt. III 1783-1900
Encomium: Bethlem, charity and the first history of the Hospital 365
Fact and fancy 381
A change of scene: Bethlem's move to Southwark 397
Attack: Bethlem and the 1815 Select Committee 415
Bethlem and reform 436
Investigation 464
Classifying and consoling 484
A Victorian institution 512
Pt. IV 1900 to the present
Bethlem and the twentieth century 535
A new Eden: Bethlem's move to Monks Orchard 543
New beginnings: the merger of Bethlem and the Maudsley 567
Managing millions: administration and finance, 1901-82 588
Serving Bethlem: medical and nursing staff, 1901-82 618
'In a presumably curable condition': the character of admissions in the twentieth century 649
Tempering madness: patients and the treatment of mental illness in twentieth-century Bethlem 676
From SHA to NHS trust, 1982-94 711
Conclusion 719
App. 1 Masters, wardens or keepers of Bethlem, 1247-1633 723
App. 2 Bethlem and Bridewell presidents, 1606-1793 725
App. 3 Bethlem and Bridewell apothecaries, 1634-1816 726
App. 4 Bethlem and Bridewell physicians, 1619-1816 727
App. 5 Bethlem and Bridewell surgeons, 1629-1815 728
App. 6 Bethlem medical officers, 1783-1900 729
App. 7 Twentieth-century Bethlem officers 731
Name index 733
Subject index 741
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