History of Cognitive Neuroscience / Edition 1

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Overview

In this companion work to the highly acclaimed Philosophical Foundations of Neuroscience, the distinguished neurophysiologist M. R. Bennett and eminent philosopher P. M. S. Hacker return to the relationship between brain function and our psychological attributes. While their earlier work identified the troubling conceptual issues in contemporary neuroscience, History of Cognitive Neuroscience documents the history of the study of perception and sensation, attention and awareness, memory, emotion and linguistic powers. By studying the major experiments conducted by neuroscientists over the last century and a half and evaluating the validity of the conclusions that were drawn from them, this well-informed critique aims to challenge, provoke and illuminate neuroscientists, psychologists, philosophers and general readers alike.
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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Gary B Kaniuk, Psy.D.(Cermak Health Services)
Description: This history of cognitive neuroscience describes the brain functions of perception, attention, memory, language, emotion, and motor system over the past 150 years. It is a follow-up to the authors' previous book, Philosophical Foundations of Neuroscience (Wiley-Blackwell, 2003).
Purpose: The authors "examine the claims that particular synaptic networks or clusters of synaptic networks in the brain can see (chapter 1), attend (chapter 2), remember (chapter 3), understand, think and translate thought into speech (chapter 4), and have emotions (chapter 5)" in order to "illuminate the historical development of these ideas and how they have been incorporated into the accepted jargon of mainstream cognitive neuroscience by studying the experiments whose interpretation gave rise to them."
Audience: The intended audience includes neuroscientists, psychologists, philosophers and general readers. M.R. Bennett is a professor of neuroscience at the University of Sydney and is past president of the Australian Neuroscience Society. P.M.S. Hacker is an emeritus research fellow at St. John's College in Oxford who has published books and articles on the philosophy of mind and language.
Features: "The book traces the historical foundations of basic brain functions including perception, attention, memory, language, emotion, and motor action. For example, the authors look at perception and sensation from Hemholtz (late 19th century) through Singer (late 20th century). The understanding of visual illusions is seen through the experiments of gestalt theorists (Wertheimer, Koffka, Kohler), cortical neuron researchers (Hubel, Wiesel), and unconscious hypothesis formation theorists (Marr, Treisman), to name a few. The topic of attention begins with the work of Helmholtz in 1894 and ends with Corbetta and colleagues who, in 1991, looked at brain activity via PET scans. The other chapters provide excellent histories of neuropsychological functioning in their specific areas as well. The book does well in discussing how landmark research results significantly impacted the field. The last chapter is particularly interesting, especially the discussion of the mereological fallacy. The book includes a detailed table of contents, numerous figures which elucidate the text, and colorful plates (center of book). To fully appreciate this book, readers need an extensive background in cognitive neuroscience and/or neuropsychology. "
Assessment: This book is fairly comprehensive in its treatment of the history of the most basic brain functions in cognitive neuroscience over the past 150 years. The authors are experts in cognitive neuroscience and discuss the landmark experiments which have significantly influenced the field. However, without a thorough background in neuroscience and/or neuropsychology, readers can easily get lost. For individuals with this background, it is a veritable treasure trove of knowledge.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781118346341
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 11/6/2012
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 312
  • Sales rank: 992,931
  • Product dimensions: 6.70 (w) x 9.60 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Meet the Author

M. R. Bennett is Professor of Neuroscience, University Chair and Scientific Director of the Brain and Mind Research Institute at the University of Sydney. He is the author of many papers and books on neuroscience as well as the history and philosophy of neuroscience, including The Idea of Consciousness (1997) and A History of the Synapse (2001). He is past President of the International Society for Autonomic Neuroscience, past President of the Australian Neuroscience Society, as well as the recipient of numerous awards for his research, including the Neuroscience Medal, the Ramaciotti Medal, the Macfarlane Burnet Medal and the Order of Australia.

P. M. S. Hacker is an Emeritus Research Fellow of St John’s College, Oxford, UK. He is the author of numerous books and articles on philosophy of the mind and philosophy of language, and is the leading authority on the philosophy of Wittgenstein. Among his many publications is the four-volume Analytical Commentary on Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations, and its epilogue, Wittgenstein's Place in Twentieth Century Analytic Philosophy. His most recent work is Human Nature: The Categorial Framework, the first volume of a trilogy on human nature.
Together, M. R. Bennet and P. M. S. Hacker have authored the acclaimed Philosophical Foundations of Neuroscience (Blackwell, 2003).

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Table of Contents

List of figures

List of plates

Foreword Anthony Kenny Kenny, Anthony

Introduction 1

1 Perceptions, Sensations and Cortical Function: Helmholtz to Singer 4

2 Attention, Awareness and Cortical Function: Helmholtz to Raichle 44

3 Memory and Cortical Function: Milner to Kandel 77

4 Language and Cortical Function: Wernicke to Levelt 115

5 Emotion and Cortical - Subcortical Function: Darwin to Damasio 164

6 Motor Action and Cortical-Spinal Cord Function: Galen to Broca and Sherrington 199

7 Conceptual Presuppositions of Cognitive Neuroscience 237

References 264

Index 281

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