A History of Fascism, 1914-1945 / Edition 1

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Overview

This is the first full history of fascism - as a force and as a phenomenon - in Europe and elsewhere between the world wars. This history encompasses all the major fascist movements, as well as other forms of authoritarian nationalism, and provides in-depth analyses of these movements, the interpretative problems they pose, and previous interpretations of them. Stanley G. Payne interprets fascism as a form of revolutionary ultranationalism - a program for national rebirth based on a primarily vitalist philosophy, extreme elitism, mass mobilization, the promotion of violence, and military virtues. He traces this phenomenon through the history of ideas, previous political movements, and the events of World War I. Though his focus is chiefly on Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany, he also gives detailed attention to the Romanian Iron Guard, Franco's Spain, Japan, and protofascist movements around the globe. In view of widespread speculation about the return of fascism to Europe and the Afro-Asian World, this work is especially timely. However, Payne presents a powerful case for viewing fascism as a unique "epochal phenomenon." Conversely, he treats significant individual features of fascism as inherent aspects of revolutionary movements and nationalist dictatorships, with every likelihood of reappearing in new and different forms.
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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Focusing mostly on Italy and Germany but also considering Spain, Romania, Japan, and movements in other countries, Payne (history, U. of Wisconsin) describes fascism as revolutionary ultranationalism based on national rebirth, extreme elitism, mass mobilization, and the promotion of violence and military virtues. He also suggests that the early Russian communists borrowed many techniques from fascism, and that though we are fairly well inoculated against fascism itself, the values it represents could still emerge in new forms. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780299148744
  • Publisher: University of Wisconsin Press
  • Publication date: 1/28/1995
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 632
  • Sales rank: 668,134
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.40 (d)

Table of Contents

Illustrations
Tables
Preface
Introduction. Fascism: A Working Definition 3
1 The Cultural Transformation of the Fin de siecle 23
2 Radical and Authoritarian Nationalism in Late Nineteenth-Century Europe 35
3 The Impact of World War I 71
4 The Rise of Italian Fascism, 1919-1929 80
5 The Growth of Nonfascist Authoritarianism in Southern and Eastern Europe, 1919-1929 129
6 German National Socialism 147
7 The Transformation of Italian Fascism, 1929-1939 212
8 Four Major Variants of Fascism 245
9 The Minor Movements 290
10 Fascism Outside Europe? 328
11 World War II: Climax and Destruction of Fascism 355
12 Interpretations of Fascism 441
13 Generic Fascism? 462
14 Fascism and Modernization 471
15 Elements of a Retrodictive Theory of Fascism 487
Epilogue. Neofascism: A Fascism in Our Future? 496
Bibliography 523
Index 579
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